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Individuals assume primary responsibility for career planning, career goals setting and training. Top 10 Important Job Factors for College Graduates ...

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Career Planning of Youth青少年生涯規劃

  • Job or Career

  • Job--- is a piece of work, either to be done, or to be completed.

  • Career---

    1. Progress through life

    2. way of making a living, profession, advancement, life long sequence of jobs


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Career Planning for Youth青少年生涯規劃

  • Dr. Ronald Super defined “Career” as:

    1. as a process of professional development, not limited to occupational but also includes personal development.

    2. As the sequence of positions held by a person during his or her life time


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Career Planning Is

  • A rational, continuous commitment made with consideration of personal interest, abilities, resources, opportunities, investments to develop the potential fully towards the career goals established


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Career Development—the way it was

  • Career development programs were typically designed by organizations to help employees advance their work lives with specific objectives

  • To provide the information assessment and training needed to help employees actualize their career goals


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Career Development—The way it is

  • The individual not the organization is responsible for his or her own career

  • You must take responsibilities for designing and developing your own career


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A Boundaryless Career

  • Individual rather than organization define career progression, organizational loyalty, important skills and marketplace value

  • There are no norms and few rules to guide

  • Individuals assume primary responsibility for career planning, career goals setting and training


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Top 10 Important Job Factors for College Graduates

  • Enjoying what they do

  • Opportunity to use skills and abilities

  • Opportunity for personal development

  • Feeling what they do matters

  • Benefits

  • Recognition for good performance

  • Friendly co-workers

  • Job location

  • Lots of money

  • Working on teams


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Are these characteristics of Youth?

  • Academic performance not so impressive

  • Not much work related experience

  • Social skills inadequate

  • Unclear career planning

  • Readiness to work is low

  • Inadequate job information

  • Poor job search skills

  • Job interview skills not well trained

  • Presentation skills not attractive


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Planning in uncertain environment

  • Dynamic environments are more the norm than exception

  • Plans need to be specific and flexible

  • Planning is an ongoing process

  • Plan as road map although destination may be changing

  • Stay highly alert to environmental changes


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Approaches to (personal) Strategic Planning

  • SWOT analysis

  • strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats,

  • for human being, also values, ethics and social obligations,


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Environmental Scanning

  • Economic, legal or regulatory, political, technological or medical, social, demographic, cultural, competitive factors.

  • Should examine both the specific and general environments to see what is/are changing


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Opportunities and Threats

  • Opportunities are positive trends in external environment

  • Threats are negative trends in external environment

  • Same environment can present different situations for different people


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Personal Resources and Capabilities

  • Internal environment scanning include knowing what resources does the you have or you can be granted, your financial position, abilities, talents, skills knowledge, development potential and networks

  • If the capabilities is exceptional and unique, it is your Core Competencies.


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Strengths and Weaknesses

  • Strength is any activities that you do well or any unique resources that you have

  • Weakness is any activities that you do not do well or resources you need but do not possess


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Doing A Personal SWOT

  • Assessing personal strengths and weakness

  • Identify career opportunities and threats

  • Outlining five-year career path—goals to be achieved five years after graduation

  • Outlining a five-year career action plan—get specific what you are going to do and make the goals realized


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Incrementalism

  • Small changes, fuse strategy formulation and implementation

  • Emphasizes realism, both minor and major decisions


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Invaluable Competences

  • Honest

  • Initiation

  • Problem solving

  • Caring

  • Accountable/ Responsible

  • High impact communication


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