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Four States & Four Critical Errors That Cause

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Breaking the cycle of risky behavior l.jpg

Breaking the Cycle of Risky Behavior

Gary A. Higbee EMBA CSP

Electrolab training Systems &

Higbee & Associates, Inc.

Office 515-270-6623

Cell 586-604-3765

[email protected]


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Filling Your Personal Safety Tool Box

  • Topics

    • Introduction to Safety Awareness issues

    • “Why People do What They do”

    • Four States & Four Critical Errors That Cause “All” Accidents


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Unsafe Conditions

  • Unknown

  • Failed to correct


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Unsafe Acts

  • Unknown

  • Unable

  • Positive reinforcement of negative acts

  • Unmotivated


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Combine Two Basic Approaches:

  • Compliance

    • OSHA – MSHA – NFPA - Laws

    • Rules - Procedures - PPE - etc.

    • Voluntary Standards - AISC

  • Behavior Modification (US Culture)

    • External

      • Culture

      • Habit

      • Observation

    • Internal

      • Attitude

      • Habit

Significant Resistance


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Relationship:Hazard, Behavior and Risk

  • Concept - Hazards seldom change but the way we interface with the hazard (our behavior) varies and our risk of injury increases or decreases depending on the behavior we exhibit.

  • To a great degree we control our own “Risk Triangle”


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3,000

NEAR MISSES OR FIRST AID

1

FATAL

30 MAJORS

(Disabling

Accidents)

300

RECORDABLE ACCIDENTS

(Off Work, limited work and no

lost time)

30,000 HAZARDS

Unsafe acts-Unsafe conditions


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Standard

RiskPyramid

Fatal

Major Injuries

Minor Injuries

Cuts, Bruises and Scrapes

Close Calls & Near Misses


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Standard

RiskPyramid

Walking on Bike Path


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Standard

RiskPyramid

Running on Bike Path


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Standard

RiskPyramid

Walking Blindfolded on Bike Path


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Safety Skill Development

I’m Safe Enough

I’m Not Safe Enough

Time in Years


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Injury Decline

I’m Not Safe Enough

I’m Safe Enough

Time in Years


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Natural Decline in Injuries

I’m Not Safe Enough

Injuries

I’m Safe Enough

0

10

20

30

Age in Years


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Natural Increase in Safety Skills

I’m Safe Enough

I’m Not Safe Enough

Safety

Skills

0

10

20

30

Age in Years


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Hazardous Energy Step Changes

Safety Skill Gaps

Cars, Motorcycles, Snowmobiles, Power Boats, Automated Equipment, etc

Hazardous

Energy

Safety

Skills

Skateboards, Bikes, Climbing Trees, Sports

Crawling, Walking, Running

0

10

20

30

40

Age in Years


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Hazardous Energy and Injuries

Injuries

Hazardous

Energy

1

10

20

30

Age in Years


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Hazardous Energy

Person

Unexpected


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Sources of Unexpected……

Events - something unexpected happens without you or someone else involved (e.g. wire rope breaks; traffic lights start working incorrectly; coupling fails; hose bursts; etc.)



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Other People - someone else's behaviour causes or contributes to incident/injury.

Sources of Unexpected……


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Sources of Unexpected…… contributes to incident/injury.

Self - Own actions cause or contribute to incident/injury.


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Self - Own actions cause or contribute to incident/injury. contributes to incident/injury.

Other People - someone else's behaviour causes or contributes to incident/injury.

Events - something unexpected happens without you or someone else involved (e.g. wire rope breaks; traffic lights start working incorrectly; coupling fails; hose bursts; etc.)

Sources of Unexpected……


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There Are 3 Types of At-risk Behavior contributes to incident/injury.

  • Conscious or intentional behavior

  • Habitual behavior

  • Unintentional behavior

    Even if people are deliberately willing to increase the risk of a situation, hardly any of them are deliberately trying to get hurt. Something unexpected or unplanned always has to enter the equation.


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Conscious - Intentional contributes to incident/injury.


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Unintentional contributes to incident/injury.


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Habit contributes to incident/injury.


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The Four Critical Errors contributes to incident/injury.

  • Eyes Not on Task(s)

  • Mind Not on Task(s)

  • Being in The Line-of-fire

  • Poor Balance/Traction/Grip © CERT

Nail – Exit – Car Door - Ice


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The Four States contributes to incident/injury.

  • Rushing

  • Frustration

  • Fatigue

  • Complacency

    • Cause or Contribute to the Four Critical Errors That Cause “All” Accidents © CERT


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States contributes to incident/injury.

(Cause)

Errors

More risk

Less risk

(To become)

(Which cause)

  • Rushing

  • Frustration

  • Fatigue

  • Complacency

Major

Major

  • Eyes Not on Task

  • Mind not on task

  • Line of fire

  • Balance, Traction, Grip

Minor

Minor

Close Calls

Close Calls

Hazards with a critical error

Hazards

Risk Patterns

To Become


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Critical Error Reduction Techniques contributes to incident/injury.© CERT

  • Self Trigger on the State

    • to prevent or avoid making the error

  • Analyze Close Calls and small injuries

    • to prevent big ones – Learn from our OOPS!

  • Observers Others for the State to Error Patterns

    • To avoid the risk

    • To prevent complacency

    • To recognize and intervene with co-workers

  • Work on our Habits

    • Personal safety skills

Basic Safety Skills Are Learnable & Transferable


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