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U. S. Studies II Chapter 16 Review Game. A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation. . Nationalism . A1. Small privately owned farms were combined into large government owned farms. . Collectivization . A2. Elimination of anyone who threatened power. . Purge. A3.

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U. S. Studies II Chapter 16 Review Game

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U. S. Studies II

Chapter 16

Review Game


A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation.

Nationalism

A1


Small privately owned farms were combined into large government owned farms.

Collectivization

A2


Elimination of anyone who threatened power.

Purge

A3


In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of the new democracies?

Failed due to lack of experience

A4


A political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator.

Fascism

A5


Characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens.

Totalitarianism

A6


Why would many middle to upper-class people support the Fascist movements in their countries?

Middle and Upper classes feared Communism more than they disliked the Fascists.

A7


After the League of Nations condemned the aggressive acts of Japan and Germany, what did both Japan and Germany do?

Both Japan and Germany quit the League of Nations.

A8


What caused militarist leaders to gain control of the Japanese government in the early 1930s?

Hideki Tojo’s appointment as prime minister.

A9


How did Germany’s actions in Europe inadvertently assist Japanese expansionists in Asia?

French, Dutch, and British colonies lay unprotected in Asia.

A10


Political phrase for the “Third German Empire.”

Third Reich

B1


What were the two main points of Hitler’s Mein Kampf?

Racial Purity and National Expansion

B2


Why did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement toward Germany?

Wished to avoid war with Germany.

B3


Pictorial Daily Double

Actress:

Julia Roberts

B4


Pictorial Daily Double

Entertainment:

The Grinch

B5


According to Mein Kampf, what groups cold be considered as “inferior”?

Jews, Slavs, and nonwhites

B6


In Germany, what effect did the Nuremberg Laws have?

German Jews were stripped of citizenship, jobs, and property.

B7


For German Jews wishing to emigrate out of Germany, what problems did they run into?

Other nations set quotas on the number of German Jews they would accept.

B8


In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do?

Submitted to Hitler’s demands.

B9


Concerning the groups the Nazis targeted, why were Jehovah Witnesses considered as enemies of the state?

Due to religious beliefs, this group refused to serve in the army and to salute Hitler.

B10


German Air Force

Luftwaffe

C1


Sudden and massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intending to achieve a quick victory.

Blitzkrieg

C2


Which nation (s) signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland?

Soviet Union

C3


What happened during the Battle of Britain?

Germany bombed Britain for two months

C4


How did Hitler rationalize the taking of the Sudetenland to the German people and the world?

Czechs were abusing German-Speaking people

C5


How did Italy follow the aggressive actions of its neighbor Germany?

Italy invaded one of the last independent nations in Africa, Ethiopia.

C6


How did the Axis Powers hope to keep the United States out of the war?

By forming an alliance, the Axis Powers created a “two ocean war” for the United States.

C7


Pictorial Daily Double

Actor:

Russell Crowe

C8


Pictorial Daily Double

Musician:

Cheryl Crow

C9


To what was Winston Churchill referring to when he was quoted, “Never in the field of human conflict, was so much owed by so many to so few.”

Battle of Britain

C10


Opposition to political and economic entanglements in other countries.

Isolationism

D1


How can you accurately reflect Roosevelt’s feelings toward the war?

He wanted to help the Allies, but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war.

D2


What was the Lend-Lease Act?

A policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries.

D3


Audio Daily Double

Entertainer:

Madonna

D4


What was the Atlantic Charter?

A statement of war aims compiled by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill.

D5


Who or what did President Roosevelt describe as the “rattlesnakes of the Atlantic”?

German U-Boats and their crews.

D6


How did Congress prepare the United States for war?

Congress boosted defense spending and ordered the institution of a military draft.

D7


Why did President Roosevelt risk war the Axis Powers with his “unneutral acts” trying to aid Britain and the Soviet Union?

If the U.S. did not support Britain and the USSR, the U.S. would be alone against the Axis Powers.

D8


What new technology helped to protect U.S. convoys in the Atlantic Ocean?

Convoys and Sonar

D9


How might the U.S. embargo pushed Japan to attack the United States at Pearl Harbor?

By cutting of oil to Japan, Japan could not feed its war machine.

D10


Political leader of the United States at the beginning of World War II:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

E1


Leader of the Fascist government in Italy.

Benito Mussolini

E2


Leader whose totalitarian regime was based on a communist philosophy.

Joseph Stalin

E3


Leader whose political philosophy was based on both nationalism and racism.

Adolph Hitler

E4


British leader that made concessions to Hitler in hopes of ending German aggression.

Neville Chamberlain

E5


French general that set up a government in exile after the fall of France.

Charles de Gaulle

E6


Japanese Prime Minister that pushed for Japanese Expansion.

Hideki Tojo

E7


British leader who opposed a policy of appeasement with Germany.

Winston Churchill

E8


After the fall of France, the French leader of the Vichy Government.

Marshal Petain

E9


Emperor of Japan prior to and during World War II

Hirohito

E10


Interpreting Maps

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p305

In what year did Germany invade the Soviet Union?

1941

F1


Video Daily Double

Action:

Con Air

F2


German for “living space.”

Lebensraum

F3


Interpreting Maps

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p305

In what year did Germany invade France?

1940

F4


What is Genocide, as practiced by the Nazis?

The deliberate extermination of a specific group of people.

F5


Interpreting Graphs

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p311

In what year did the unemployment percentage reach its lowest point?

1944

F6


Interpreting Maps

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p305

Which countries on the map are identified as Axis Powers?

Germany, Italy, Albania, and East Prussia

F7


Interpreting Graphs

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p311

Approximately how many percentage points did unemployment increase from 1930 to 1933?

Fifteen

F8


Interpreting Graphs

Formal Assessment – Map Skills –– p311

What general statement can be made about defense spending after 1945?

Defense spending decreased

F9


Concerning the groups the Nazis targeted, why were Gypsies considered as enemies of the state?

Due to their ethnic origins, they were considered as “inferior”

F10


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