States of the nation
Download
1 / 22

States of the nation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 225 Views
  • Updated On :

States of the nation. Andy McNicoll Communications Officer, DrugScope. What we’ll cover. The drugs landscape The usual suspects Heroin and crack Cannabis Stimulant market ‘New’ kids on the block Mephedrone Ketamine GBL/GHB Emerging ‘legal highs’. ‘Problem drug use’.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'States of the nation' - KeelyKia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
States of the nation l.jpg

States of the nation

Andy McNicollCommunications Officer, DrugScope


What we ll cover l.jpg
What we’ll cover

  • The drugs landscape

  • The usual suspects

    • Heroin and crack

    • Cannabis

    • Stimulant market

  • ‘New’ kids on the block

    • Mephedrone

    • Ketamine

    • GBL/GHB

    • Emerging ‘legal highs’


Problem drug use l.jpg
‘Problem drug use’

  • Estimated 328,267 opiate and/or crack users

  • 173,487 in treatment in 08/09

  • 1 in 4 report housing problem


The trainspotting generation l.jpg
‘The Trainspotting generation’

  • Ageing heroin-using population

    • 03/04 - 28% of clients 35+

    • 08/09 - 42% of clients 35+

  • Challenges for services

  • End of Trainspotting generation?


Other trends l.jpg
Other trends

  • Street benzo use

    • Used to “top up” poor heroin

    • Legitimate pills diverted from EU

    • Counterfeits from Asia/internet

  • Subutex use

    • Popular in prisons

    • Didn’t show up in prison drug tests


Estimated number of 16 to 59 year olds who report using a drug in the last year 2008 09 l.jpg
Estimated number of 16 to 59 year olds who report using a drug in the last year 2008/09

Source: Home Office (2009) Drug misuse declared: findings from the 2008/09 British Crime Survey


Cannabis l.jpg
Cannabis drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Approx 1 in 3 (31%) of adults have tried it

  • Made Class B in 2009

  • Different types:

    • Cannabis resin

    • ‘Traditional herbal’ cannabis

    • Skunk


Uk cannabis market l.jpg
UK cannabis market drug in the last year 2008/09

Source: Home Office (2008) Cannabis potency study

Source: Home Office (2009) Drug seizures in England and Wales


Industrial strength l.jpg
Industrial strength? drug in the last year 2008/09

  • 1998: UK average potency (THC) 7-9%

  • 2008: UK average potency (THC) 12-14%


Stimulant use l.jpg
Stimulant use... drug in the last year 2008/09

1990s

2000s

2010 and beyond...


Powder power in the 2000s l.jpg
Powder power in the 2000s... drug in the last year 2008/09

% of 16 to 24 year olds reporting having used a drug in the last year

Source: Home Office (2009) Drug misuse declared findings from the 2008/09 BCS


Powder power in the 2000s13 l.jpg
Powder power in the 2000s... drug in the last year 2008/09

Average purity of cocaine seized 2003-2009


Mephedrone l.jpg
Mephedrone drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Rise coincided with low quality coke & scarcity of MDMA.

  • March 2009

    • Popular among ‘psychonauts’

    • Cheap,available & effective

    • Effects similar to cocaine/E

  • April 2010

    • Made Class B drug

    • Reports of hospital admissions

    • ‘Linked to’ 20+ deaths


From shanghai to skegness l.jpg
From Shanghai to Skegness... drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Created in 2004 by ‘psychonaut’ chemist

  • Made in Chinese labs

    • 1kg wholesale for £2,600

  • Sold online and in headshops

    • Profit margin for websites £7,500 per kilo

  • Opened door to ‘online’ dealing

  • 24 hour a day delivery


What s next l.jpg
What’s next? drug in the last year 2008/09

  • NRG-1

    • Marketed as naphyrone

  • But what is actually in it?

    • MDPV?

    • Mephedrone?

    • Methylone?


Ketamine l.jpg
Ketamine drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Class C since 2005

  • ‘Dissociative anaesthetic’

  • Trends in 2009:

    • Still popular and available

    • Some injecting users

    • Evidence of bladder damage

    • Dependence


Ghb gbl l.jpg
GHB/GBL drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Liquid solvents dubbed ‘liquid ecstasy’

  • GHB - Class C from 2003

  • GBL – made Class C in Jan 2010

  • 2009 – addiction/withdrawal cases:

    • Similar to alcohol dependency

    • Detox in hospitals near ICUs

    • Dedicated detox service setup at Maudsley hospital


It s in the mix l.jpg
It’s in the mix... drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Polydrug use

  • 2009 Druglink survey

    • ‘Junk food’ drug market

    • Low quality reported across the board

    • Pick ‘n mix use of a range of drugs


Spot the difference l.jpg
Spot the difference... drug in the last year 2008/09

mephedrone

VS

Naphyrone)

flephedrone


World wired web l.jpg
World wired web... drug in the last year 2008/09

  • Internet the ‘future of drug dealing’?

  • What’s next?

    • Return of £10 pill?

    • LSD?

    • Myriad ‘legal’ white powders...



ad