Some Environmental Issues & Business Opportunities in Indian Industry
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Some Environmental Issues & Business Opportunities in Indian Industry S.Padmanaban, USAID US-INDIA BUSINESS SUMMIT Industry Breakout Session – Environment November 30, 2006 Mumbai History of USAID/India’s Energy/Environment Programs

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Some Environmental Issues & Business Opportunities in Indian IndustryS.Padmanaban, USAIDUS-INDIA BUSINESS SUMMITIndustry Breakout Session – EnvironmentNovember 30, 2006Mumbai


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History of USAID/India’s Energy/Environment Programs Industry

  • 1960s/70s: construction of 15 thermal power plants and several hydro projects.

  • 1980s: moved on to science and technology development in the eighties.

  • 1990s: focused on privatization and technology commercialization in the early nineties.

  • 1998: GHG emissions reductions in the energy sector - main focus since the sanctions.

  • Today: electricity distribution reform, water-energy, methane-to- markets, municipal services


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KEY PROGRAMS IN ENVIRONMENT & ENERGY Industry

  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY

  • CLEAN COAL

  • WATER- ENERGY NEXUS

  • POWER DISTRIBUTION

  • DISTRIBUTED GENERATION

  • SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT


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1. Industrial & Hazardous Waste Management Industry

  • Major issues in India

    • 30 million tons of waste generated apart from fly ash (2003 data)

      • 8 million tons of hazardous waste

  • Key issues

    • Lack of secure landfills and Treatment, storage and disposal facility (TSDF)

      • Only 11 TSDFs in India

    • Lack of incineration facilities

    • Lack of waste handling and management systems


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Industrial & Hazardous Management Industry

  • Opportunities

    • Technical assistance in designing & operation of landfills

    • Technologies for waste minimization and recycling & related services

Hazardous waste disposal industry in the industry sector is worth about $200 million



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Energy Efficiency Market Assessment – Industrial Sector of Products in IndiaInvestment Opportunity: $ 10 billion

H

M

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L M H


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3. Utilisation of wastes in cement plants of Products in India

  • Waste utilisation in cement plants in India

    • Almost nil – except fly ash and gypsum

  • US/Japan and European Cement plants

    • Use 80% of waste as fuel

    • 450 kg of waste is used as raw material for production of one ton of Cement production in Japan

  • Tremendous potential in India

    • Waste utilization technology

    • Waste processing equipment

  • Key requirement

    • Suitable legislation for waste processing in Cement industry

Indian cement plants can absorb 14 million tons of hazardous waste /year


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4. Air pollution of Products in India

  • Air pollution

    • Major issue in India

  • Potential opportunities

    • Nox/Sox control systems

    • VOC control technologies in chemical plants and automobile industry

    • Reducing respirable suspended particular matter in several industries

    • General dust control systems

    • Other technologies for gas (H2S, C2S, Acid fumes) emission control


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5. Water pollution and treatment of Products in India

  • Non availability of water to industry in India

  • Water pollution

    • Industrial water pollution

      • Only 60% industrial effluents of large & medium scale industries are treated (PCB Data)

    • Municipal water pollution

      • 25% water in metro municipalities treated and less than 5% reused

      • Other municipalities and towns very little or no treatment

  • Potential opportunities

    • Water treatment technologies for industries and municipality

      • Membrane technologies / bio reactors


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Water pollution and treatment.. of Products in India

  • Potential Opportunities..

    • Technologies for recycling of water and zero discharge options in industry / municipality

    • Bio – gas generation through anaerobic treatment of municipal / industrial waste water

    • Technologies for handling membrane waste water

    • Water saving devices and equipment


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6.Service Providers for Utility Heat Rate Improvements of Products in India

  • EE & R&M in Indian coal-fired utilities

  • Private Sector Services to include:

    • - Advanced diagonistics

    • - Energy audit services

    • - Environmental monitoring

    • - Low carbon options

    • - O&M services

      Funding: Proposed IBRD funding: $ 120 million loan + $ 45 million GEF grant

      Targeted Capacities for EE&RM: 650 MW


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7. Opportunities in Building Sector of Products in India

  • Construction contributing 10% to National GDP (500 Billion USD)

    • Growth rate 9.2% vis-à-vis 5.5 % Global average

  • Sectors to watch for

    • IT / IT Enabled Services

    • Commercial buildings

    • Infrastructure (Airports, Roads, etc.,)

    • Residential


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Availability Of Green Materials of Products in India

  • Green materials are not readily available

    • Certified wood

    • Waterless urinals

    • High albedo materials

    • High recycled content materials

    • High performance glass

    • Low VOC materials

  • Testing and certification facilities not Available

    • Eg., Cooling towers, Chillers

Issues

Possible Solution

  • Solutions sought

    • Incubation of Green Building materials

    • Display in GBC Technology Centre

  • Type testing for equipment

  • Green Building materials Meet

  • Green Building Congress


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  • High Albedo material of Products in India

    • Unheard in 2001

    • Two major players established

      • Thermosheild

      • Advance Coating systems

Success Stories in India

  • Waterless urinals

    • 2001 – Awareness Nil

    • 2005 – Three major players (EID Parry, Hindware, Falcon have the major market share)


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Success Stories in India of Products in India

  • CRI Certified carpets

    • 2001 – Awareness nil

    • 2005 – Interface, Milliken, Shaw carpets


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Opportunities of Products in India

  • New Services

    • III Party Commissioning

    • Energy simulation

    • LEED Facilitation services

  • LEED-India (to be launched shortly)

  • Materials & Equipment

    • Composting toilets

    • Waterless urinals

    • Low VOC adhesives & sealants

    • CRI certified carpets

    • FSC Certified wood

    • High albedo roofing material

    • BIPV

    • CTI certified cooling towers

    • Living machines, etc.,.

Green building products – 350 Million USD by 2012


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Energy Efficiency of Products in Indiain the Indian Cement Industry

  • Wide range in energy intensity in Indian cement industry

  • Some of the most efficient plants in the world are in India

  • - Only 5% are inefficient wet kilns (vs. 18% in the U.S.)

  • Energy savings and emission reduction possible through:

    • Improved energy efficiency

    • Increased blending of cement

    • Use of alternative fuels

    • Waste heat power generation

Source: Sathaye et al. (2005)


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THANK YOU of Products in India


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