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SMART BUILDING. Yousef Awwad Te-Yuan Huang Newlin Rajkumar. SMART BUILDING. S- Selective M- Monitoring A- Around R- Routine T- Tasks. Outline. Motivation. Introduction. Scenario. Requirements. Architecture System design. Schema.

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SMART BUILDING

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Smart building l.jpg

SMART BUILDING

Yousef Awwad

Te-Yuan Huang

Newlin Rajkumar


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SMART BUILDING

S- Selective

M- Monitoring

A- Around

R- Routine

T- Tasks


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Outline

  • Motivation.

  • Introduction.

  • Scenario.

  • Requirements.

  • Architecture

  • System design.

  • Schema.

  • Related work


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Motivation

  • To gain more experience in the wireless sensor network field.

  • To employ wireless sensor network for the benefits of users (students and visitors to NCTU buildings).


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Introduction

  • What is a smart building?

  • Smart building system gives information for the users about each element inside the building by using wireless sensor networks.

  • RFID readers and tags are also used to achieve this goal.

  • A tag is attached near each object in the building.


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…Introduction

  • Smart building data:

    - Offices: office’s name, professor’s name, professor’s schedule, publications and others.

  • Class rooms: class room schedule and other information.

  • Laboratories: lab’s name, lab’s members, researches and others.

  • Advertising boards: advertisements sorted by date.


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Scenario

  • A visitor to engineering building 3 in NCTU.

  • He approaches lab 633 with his notebook opened and browsing smart building website.

  • A tag attached near the lab will send lab id to RFID reader with the notebook.

  • The note book will request the related webpage about the lab from the server.

  • Then display the information.


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Scenario – Cont.

  • A mote sensing environmental data (ie. Lighting, Sounding) as long as detecting people in the room.

  • The mote updates its sensing data to database server periodically.

  • The web server requests for latest data from database server, whenever a user ask for displaying web pages.


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Architecture


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Architecture


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Requirements

  • User requirements :

    - A note book computer with RFID reader.

    - An internet browser.

    - The user must be able to browse the system web site and view the required information.


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…Requirements

  • System requirements:

    - A server to store the web pages (http server)

    - RFID tags.

    - A wireless network.

    - A library or API to support the RFID.

    - Other non-functional requirements such as user friendly interface and security.


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System Design

  • System is designed as the following:

    - Using Visual studio.net inherited with RFID library to:

    * Retrieve ID value from the reader

    * Allow write new ID value to the RFID tag

    * Design the web pages and the interface.


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System Design – Cont.

- Using PHP/SQL to:

  • Display web page dynamically

  • Access database from web page

  • Design administration zone through web page

  • Using Java/SQL to:

    • Retrieve sensing data from mote to PC

    • Upload sensing data from PC to database server


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    Schema

    • Installing all requirements (frameworks and libraries).

    • Doing experiments on RFID; writing to and reading from the tag.

    • Collecting information about the engineering building 3.

    • Building the web pages for every element.

    • Building the HTTP server.

    • Integrate the whole system.


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    Specific Applications

    • Power Saving

    • Meeting Room Allocation


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    CONCLUSION

    • A virtual voyage throughout the Engineering Building #3.

    • Anticipate the needs of the building users to provide improved comfort, greater user control, and better energy efficiency.

    • Robust and Flexible for further enhancements

    • User-friendly system


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    FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS

    • This Project could be extended to all the Buildings in the NCTU campus.

    • The performance and efficiency could be enhanced by using High quality RFID devices and advanced readers.

    • Using PDA’s instead of laptops and could be a more compact version


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    Related Work

    • 1-A Tree Tour with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)

      Sean Hoyt, Doug St. John, Denise Wilson and Linda Bushnell

      -A popular tree tour at the University of Washington campus

      -Using RFID and PDA to view information about trees.


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    …Related Work

    • Plant Scanner: A Handheld PDA using RFID TAGS for Child Visitors to the MICHIGAN 4-H Children’s Garden

      Aparna Rajan Ramchandran

    • Using interactive handheld and RFID in the Indoor 4-H Children’s Garden at Michigan State University.

    • teach children introductory plant biology and enhance their exploration of the Indoor 4-H Children’s Garden.


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    …References

    • http://www.automatedhome.co.uk/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1472

    • http://www.rdg.ac.uk/pm/sg/abstracts/beyond.htm

    • http://fermat.ece.vt.edu/Publications/pubs/techrep/techrep0311.pdf

    • http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/112141997/ABSTRACT?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

    • http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JENMDT000128000010001088000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes

    • http://www.fielddiagnostics.com/Articles/SmartMaintenanceFroRooftopUnits.pdf.

    • http://www.sciamdigital.com/index.cfm?fa=Products.ViewIssuePreview&ISSUEID_CHAR=7C268258-8E37-492B-8F54-1EC8BAAF9B8&ARTICLEID_CHAR=98D20867-8D54-47BE-970C-A1C8A19DDF3

    • http://ebiquity.umbc.edu/v2.1/get/a/publication/78.pdf.

    • http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=1015725

    • http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=1222043

    • http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber=1255810


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    Feedback & Suggestion

    • Do visit our web site:http://www.csie.nctu.edu.tw/~huangty/Adhoc/index.php

    • We welcome your feedback & suggestions


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    And finally…..

    Smile costs Less than electricity

    But gives

    More light…..


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    Thank You!!!


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