Section 2: The Renaissance Moves North. Began in Flanders – a region of northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Artists of Northern Renaissance. Albrecht Durer – the “German Leonardo” Studied Italian masters such as DaVinci (Florence) & Bellini (Venice)
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Section 2: The Renaissance Moves North
Began in Flanders – a region of northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands
Dürer deliberately set out to create a Christ-like image, with his hand raised to his chest almost in a pose of blessing. It was a statement of faith Christ was the son of God, and God had created Man. For Dürer, the painting was an acknowledgment that artistic skills were a God-given talent.
Jan Van Eyck (1395-1441)
Patron was Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy (led the capture of Joan of Arc)
Detailed religious scenes
perfected oil paint – lasted longer than tempera and dried much slower; oil paints were used in layers
Van Eyck’s oil paint “recipe” included linseed oil, walnut oil or poppy seed oil to bind the mineral pigments; along with glass and calcined bones (heated into a powder).
The use of oil paints spread to Venice & Florence
Da Vinci (1452-1519) added bee wax to the mixture.
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest; So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
William (April 23, 1564-April 23, 1616) was born in Stratford-upon-Avon
He married Anne Hathaway in 1582. He was 18; she was 26
fathered a daughter Susanna and twins Judith and Hamnet (died at 1 yr.)
1594: Became an actor with Lord Chamberlain’s Men
Plays performed in the Globe, Rose and Swan Theatres
Globe Theatre: built in 1599 (Richard Burbage) from the timbers of “The Theatre”
June 1613: A cannon set fire to the thatched roof and burnt the Globe to the ground (during Henry VIII performance)
1614: Globe rebuilt
1642: Puritans closed down all theatres in England
1644: Cromwell’s Roundheads tore it down & put up tenement housing