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Preventing Diabetes. What is Pre-diabetes?. Topics. What is diabetes and pre-diabetes? What are the risk factors for diabetes? How can you delay or prevent type 2 diabetes?. Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal

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preventing diabetes
Preventing Diabetes
  • What is
  • Pre-diabetes?
topics
Topics
  • What is diabetes and pre-diabetes?
  • What are the risk factors for diabetes?
  • How can you delay or prevent type 2 diabetes?
diabetes
Diabetes
  • What is Diabetes?
  • Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal
  • Not enough insulin to allow glucose to enter cells to be used for energy
types of diabetes
Types of Diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Usually diagnosed in children and young adults
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Most common form
  • Most often diagnosed in adults
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Can appear during pregnancy
  • High risk for type 2 diabetes later in life
pre diabetes
Pre-Diabetes
  • What is Pre-Diabetes?
  • Comes before type 2 diabetes
  • Blood glucose higher than normal, but not yet diabetes
  • You can have pre-diabetes and not know it
diagnosing
Diagnosing
  • How are diabetes and pre-diabetes diagnosed?
  • Diabetes
    • Fasting blood glucose of 126 mg/dl or higher
  • Pre-diabetes
    • Fasting blood glucose of 100 - 125 mg/dl
preventing diabetes7
Preventing Diabetes
  • What is your fasting blood glucose?
  • When was your glucose last checked?
get checked
Get Checked
  • Get your blood glucose checked for pre-diabetes if you are
  • Age 45 or older and overweight
  • Age 45 or older and not overweight – ask your doctor if you need to be tested
  • Under age 45, but overweight and at increased risk for diabetes
risk factors
Risk Factors
  • A parent, brother or sister has diabetes
  • You are African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, Asian American or Pacific Islander
  • You had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds or had gestational diabetes
  • You have high blood pressure (over 140/90)
  • You have low HDL (good) cholesterol (40 or lower)
  • You have high triglycerides (150 or higher)
pre diabetes10
Pre-diabetes
  • If you have pre-diabetes, what does it mean?
  • You might get type 2 diabetes soon or sometime in the future
  • You are more likely to get heart disease or have a stroke
preventing diabetes11
Preventing Diabetes
  • Diabetes is serious
  • You will be healthier if you delay or prevent diabetes
  • Diabetes is common
  • But you can reduce your risk by losing weight
preventing diabetes12
Preventing Diabetes
  • Delay or prevent type 2 diabetes with
  • Regular physical activity,
  • such as walking almost
  • every day
  • Weight loss
preventing diabetes13
Preventing Diabetes
  • The Diabetes Prevention Program study showed
  • 30 minutes a day of moderate physical activity along with a 5 to 10% weight loss produced a 58%reductionin diabetes
losing 5 to 1015
Losing 5 to 10%
  • How much do you weigh?
  • How much is 5 to 10%?
strategies for losing weight
Strategies for Losing Weight
  • Cut back on calories and fat
  • Be active most days of the week
  • Eat breakfast daily
  • Keep records of:
    • What you eat and drink
    • Daily physical activity
    • Your weight
strategies for losing weight17
Strategies for Losing Weight
  • Implementing a weight-loss program
    • On your own or
    • Through an organized weight loss program (e.g., Weight Watchers)
  • A combination of meal planning and physical activity is most successful
keeping a record
Keeping a Record
  • Records helps keep you on target
  • Write down
  • Everything you eat and drink including serving sizes
  • Your physical activity – what kind and how long
  • Your weekly weight
keeping a record19
Keeping a Record
  • Use
  • A small notebook or
  • ADA’s “My Game Plan: Food and Activity Tracker” or
  • Anything that works for you!
review
Review
  • You can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes with regular physical activity, such as walking almost every day, and weight loss.
review22
Review
  • Learn all you can to help:
    • lose weight
    • be more active
    • eat healthy
learn more
Learn More
  • Other Preventing Diabetes Programs:
  • Cutting Calories and Fat
  • Being Active
more help
More Help
  • A new powerful risk assessment tool
  • Enter your personal health information.
  • Receive a personalized “Results Overview” showing your current risk for diabetes, heart attack, and other health problems.
  • Change items in your profile (such as walking more or losing weight) to see how making these changes would impact your future.
diabetes phd
Diabetes PHD
  • Online at diabetes.org/phd
for more information
For More Information
  • For more information
  • about preventing diabetes please call
  • 1-800-DIABETES or visit diabetes.org
for more information27
For More Information
  • Contact your local ADA at
  • 1-888-DIABETES to learn about activities and volunteer opportunities in your community
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