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Welcome. Hepatitis Overview Ho_ovr.ppt. Overview. Briefly Discuss Hepatitis A, B Focus on Hepatitis C. Acronyms. HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus HAV- Hepatitis A Virus HBV- Hepatitis B Virus HCV- Hepatitis C Virus HCC- Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Hepatitis.

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Presentation Transcript
welcome

Welcome

Hepatitis

Overview

Ho_ovr.ppt

overview
Overview
  • Briefly Discuss Hepatitis A, B
  • Focus on Hepatitis C
acronyms
Acronyms
  • HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • HAV- Hepatitis A Virus
  • HBV- Hepatitis B Virus
  • HCV- Hepatitis C Virus
  • HCC- Hepatocellular Carcinoma
hepatitis
Hepatitis
  • Inflammation of the Liver
  • Fibrosis, Cirrhosis
  • HCC-Hepatocellular Carcinoma
hepatitis a hav
Hepatitis A (HAV)
  • Transmitted Fecal/Oral Route -Contaminated Food or Water -Sexual Activity -Dirty Diapers, Daycare Centers
  • Vaccine Preventable
hepatitis b hbv
Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Transmitted Similar to HIV – Sex or Sharing Needles/Works With Street Drugs. Occupational Exposure.
  • Some Can be Carriers for Years.
  • Vaccine Preventable.
hepatitis c hcv
Hepatitis C (HCV)
  • Believed in United States over _____ years.
  • 1970’s –1980’s known as ________
  • Named Hepatitis C in ______
  • No Vaccine
hcv scope of the problem
HCV -- Scope of the Problem
  • _____ % of the General Population
  • _____ million people infected in the U.S.
  • ___________ believed infected in Texas
  • ___________ Deaths Annually in U.S.
hcv transmission
HCV Transmission
  • Blood Transfusion - Prior July, 1992
  • IDU- Sharing of Needles or “works”
  • Hemophilia – Treatments Prior to 1987
  • Hemodialysis – Kidney Dialysis
  • Perinatal
  • Occupational
hcv sexual transmission
HCV Sexual Transmission
  • “…Inefficiently spread through this manner”source: CDC MMWR Oct 16, 1998, vol 47/RR-19
  • Long Term Monogamous Couples– Low but Not Zero
  • Number of Partners & History of STD’s May be a Factor
hcv disease process
HCV Disease Process
  • Most stay in Chronic Condition Years/Decades
  • ____-____% Develop Cirrhosis ; ____-____% Develop HCC
  • Most die “With” Hepatitis C, not “From” Hepatitis C
hcv treatment
HCV Treatment
  • Most Common
    • Combination- Interferon/ Ribavirin
    • Usually _____ or _____ Weeks
  • Treatment May Not be Appropriate for Every Client
hcv prevention
HCV Prevention
  • Remember HCV is Blood Borne
  • Avoid Sharing Toothbrush – Razor
  • Unsanitary Body Piercings – Tattoos
  • Occupational/Home/Office –Always Use ___________ ________.
hcv resources
HCV Resources
  • Hepatitis C Support Groups Most Major Cities
    • www.texasliver.org  Support Groups
  • HCV Web Resources

www.tdh.state.tx.us/ideas/factsht/factsht.htm

www.cdc.gov/hepatitis

www.liverfoundation.org

hcv in summary
HCV -- In Summary
  • Estimated - 3.9 Million Infected in U. S.
  • Named Hepatitis C in 1989
  • HCV Transmission is Bloodborne
  • Treatment May/May Not be Appropriate
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