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ANCIENT GREECE

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ANCIENT GREECE. Geography of Greece. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE. Bronze Age Greece. Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos ). Knossos : Minoan Civilization. Minoan Civilization. No fortified walls A bureaucracy led by a king Written form of communication.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

ANCIENT

GREECE

slide3

Archaic

Greece:

1650 BCE - 700 BCE

slide7

Minoan Civilization

  • No fortified walls
  • A bureaucracy led by a king
  • Written form of communication
mycenaeans
Mycenaeans
  • Fortified walls
  • Warriors
  • Murals of war scenes
age of homer
Age of Homer
  • Oral poetry
  • Singing tales
  • Sharp class system
homeric values
Courage - Arete

Protection of family and possessions

Honor

Integrity

“Always be the best and distinguished above others.”

Homeric values
slide13

"Hellenic"

(Classical)

Greece:

700 BCE - 324 BCE

slide16

Early Athenian Lawgivers

Draco

  • “draconian”

Cleisthenes

  • created the first democracy
persian wars
Through 5th century, Athens and Sparta were both concerned with keeping independent of foreign threat – Persia

First Persian War

Athenian victory

Persian emperor Darius sent army to Greece

They were defeated at Marathon in 490 BCE

Victory for the Athenians (Nike!)

Persian Wars
slide21

Great Athenian Philosophers

Socrates

  • Know thyself!
  • question everything

Plato

  • The Academy
  • The Republic philosopher-king
philosophers
Philosophers
  • Meaning of life
  • Purpose of government
  • Define human nature
socrates
Socrates
  • Well known philosopher in Athens
    • Then Pericles dies
    • A plague hits Athens

Socrates is arrested for corrupting the minds of Greek youth

slide26

Great Athenian Philosophers

Aristotle

  • “Golden Mean” [everything inmoderation].
  • Logic
  • Scientific method
slide27

Athens: Arts & Sciences

DRAMA:

  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides

THE SCIENCES:

  • Pythagoras – Pythagorean theorem
  • Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”
    • Hippocratic oath
slide40

SPARTA

Helots Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.

peloponnesian war 431 404 bce
Peloponnesian War431-404 BCE
  • No harmony among Greeks after Persian Wars
    • Leaves them vulnerable
final act in classical greece
Final Act in Classical Greece

Philip of Macedonia turned it into effective, aggressive state

  • Took over most of mainland

From now on, Greece would almost always be under foreign rule

slide45

"Hellenistic"

Greece:

324 BCE - 100 BCE

slide52

Hellenistic Philosophers

Epicurians  Epicurus

  • avoid pain & seek pleasure.
  • all excess leads to pain!
  • politics should be avoided.
slide53

Hellenistic Philosophers

  • Stoics  Zeno
    • get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good of all.
    • true happiness is found ingreat achievements
slide54

Arts & Sciences

  • Scientists / Mathematicians:
    • Aristarchus  heliocentric theory.
    • Euclid  geometry
    • Archimedes  pulley
  • Hellenistic Art:
    • More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art.
    • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!
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