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2005. Motorcycle Safety. William Cosby Traffic Injury Control National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Motorcycle Safety Trends. Motorcycle Safety Problem Areas . Alcohol

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2005

Motorcycle Safety

William Cosby

Traffic Injury Control

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration



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Motorcycle Safety Problem Areas

  • Alcohol

    In fatal crashes in 2005, a higher percentage of motorcycle operators (41%) had a BAC of .08 or higher than operators of any other type of motor vehicle. Sixty-one percent of motorcycle operators who died in single-vehicle crashes on weekend nights in 2005 had BAC levels of .08 or higher.

  • Speed

    In 2005, 34% of all motorcyclists involved in fatal crashes were speeding, approximately twice the rate for drivers of passenger cars or light trucks.

  • Licensing

    Nearly one out of four motorcycle operators involved in fatal crashes were operating the vehicle with an invalid license.

  • Helmet Use

    Helmets are estimated to be 37% effective in preventing fatal injuries to motorcyclists. 728 more lives might have been saved in 2005 if all motorcyclists had worn helmets.

    According to NOPUS, helmet use declined by 13% over 4 years, from 71% in 2000 to 58% in 2004: a striking 45% increase in nonuse.


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Motorcycle Safety

  • NHTSA

    • Research

    • Programs

    • SAFETEA-LU


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Motorcycle Safety Research

  • Study to Determine Motorcyclist Impairment at Different BAC Levels

  • Pilot Study: Motorcycle Crash Causes and Outcomes

  • Evaluation of the Reinstatement of the Helmet Law in Louisiana

  • Cooperative Agreement between NHTSA & MSF on Crash Avoidance Skills

  • Evaluation of Strategies to Increase Motorcyclist Licensing


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

  • NHTSA partnered with the Motorcycle Safety Foundation and worked with motorcyclists across the nation to develop the NAMS.

  • Examines components of motorcycle safety program at the Federal, State and local levels and provides framework for developing effective programs and efforts at all levels.

  • Contains recommendations and specific actions needed to reduce motorcycle crashes.


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:Implementation Guide for theNational Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

  • Approximately half of the recommendations made in the NAMS are directed to States and communities.

  • The NAMS recommendations provide overall goals and general methodology for achieving the goals, but do not suggest specific action steps.

  • The purpose of the Implementation Guide is to help fill this gap and provide guidance to State and community organizations on how to implement NAMS recommendations.


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:Implementation Guide for theNational Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

  • The Implementation Guide for the National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety is divided into 7 sections:

    • Alcohol and other drugs

    • Personal protective equipment

    • Motorcycle operator training and education

    • Licensing

    • Motorist education

    • Highway and environment

    • Management


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:Implementation Guide for theNational Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

  • Each section includes:

    • Brief overview of objective

    • Strategies taken from NAMS recommendation

    • Action steps

    • Promising practices

    • Resources and supporting activities


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:Implementation Guide for theNational Agenda for Motorcycle Safety

  • Will be updated every 3-5 years

  • Need help identifying programs that should be included in the next version

  • Provide program information at [email protected]


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Motorcycle Safety Programs:NAMS Forum

  • www.implementNAMS.org

  • Developed by MSF and NHTSA to provide one internet location to

    • discuss motorcycle safety

    • learn about the NAMS

    • share ideas

    • talk about activities that show promise


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Motorcycle Safety Program:Activities

  • Rider Education and Training

    • Promising Practices in Motorcycle Rider Education and Licensing

    • Demonstration Grants

    • Section 2010 Grant Program

    • National Standard for Rider Education


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Motorcycle Safety Program:Activities

  • Rider Licensing

    • Updating Motorcycle Operator Licensing System – Guidelines for Motor Vehicle Administrators and Integrating Motorcycle Rider Education and Licensing

    • Reduce the number of improperly licensed motorcyclists


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Motorcycle Safety Program:Activities

  • Impaired Riding

    • Ride Straight Campaign

    • Demonstration Project

    • Integrating impaired riding into Crackdowns

    • Peer-to-peer training


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Motorcycle Safety Program:Activities

  • Helmets and Protective Gear

    • Helmet promotion PSAs

    • Website Video Clip on how to select the right helmet for you

  • Motorist Awareness

    • Model Share the Road Language

    • Motorcycle Safety Planner

    • Motorists Awareness Campaign Materials


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Motorcycle Safety Program:Activities

  • Bystander Care

  • Network Meetings (Quarterly)

  • Older Riders

  • NHTSA Regional Meetings

  • State Motorcycle Program Assessments


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SAFETEA-LU

  • Section 2010: State Motorcycle Safety Grants

  • Section 2010: Motorcycle Share the Road Language

  • Section 2003: Impaired Motorcycle Riding Study

  • Section 1914: FHWA Motorcycle Advisory Council

  • Section 5511: Motorcycle Crash Causation Study


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Overview of Section 2010:State Motorcyclist Safety Grants

  • New grant program to improve motorcycle safety.

  • Each grant no less than $100,000, but not to

    exceed 25% of 402 in FY 03.

  • States must meet criteria to receive funding.

  • Awards made to 44 States and PR week of September 18th.


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Overview of Section 2010: Requirements to Receive a Grant

First Year1 of 6criteria and2 of 6criteria thereafter

  • Statewide motorcycle training courses

  • Statewide motorcycle awareness program

  • Reduction of motorcycle fatalities and crashes

  • Statewide impaired motorcycle driving program

  • Reduction of impaired motorcycle fatalities and crashes

  • Fees collected from motorcyclists


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Overview of Section 2010:State Motorcyclist Safety Grants

FY 2006 = $5,940,000

AK IA NH SD

AZ KY NJ TN

CA LA NM TX

CO ME NY UT

CT MD NC VA

DE MA ND WA

FL MI OH WV

GA MN OK WI

HI MO OR WY

ID MT PA

IL NE PR

IN NV RI


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ALASKA $ 100,000

ARIZONA $ 104,577

CALIFORNIA $ 412,672

COLORADO $ 103,649

CONNECTICUT $100,000

DELAWARE $ 100,000

FLORIDA $ 225,414

GEORGIA $ 148,666

HAWAII $ 100,000

IDAHO $ 100,000

ILLINOIS $ 195,477

INDIANA $ 122,952

IOWA $ 100,000

KENTUCKY $ 100,000

LOUISIANA $ 100,000

MAINE $ 100,000

MARYLAND $ 100,413

MASSACHUSETTS $111,845

MICHIGAN $ 167,290

MINNESOTA $ 120,614

MISSOURI $ 125,360

MONTANA $ 100,000

NEBRASKA $ 100,000

NEVADA $ 100,000

NEW HAMPSHIRE $ 100,000

NEW JERSEY $132,247

NEW MEXICO $ 100,000

NEW YORK $ 253,711

NORTH CAROLINA $ 143,946

NORTH DAKOTA $ 100,000

OHIO $ 180,080

OKLAHOMA $ 101,629

OREGON $ 100,000

PENNSYLVANIA $ 189,804

PUERTO RICO $100,000

RHODE ISLAND $100,000

SOUTH DAKOTA $ 100,000

TENNESSEE $ 117,703

TEXAS $ 316,210

UTAH $ 100,000

VIRGINIA $ 127,286

WASHINGTON $ 118,102

WEST VIRGINIA $ 100,000

WISCONSIN $ 120,353

WYOMING $ 100,000

FY 2006 SECTION 2010 MOTORCYCLIST SAFETY GRANTS


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Overview of Section 2010:State Motorcyclist Safety Grants

  • A State may use grant funds only for motorcyclist safety training and motorcyclist awareness programs, including:

    • Improvements to motorcyclist safety training curricula;

    • Improvements in program delivery of motorcycle training to both urban and rural areas, including –

      • Procurements or repair of practice motorcycles;

      • Instructional materials;

      • Mobile training units; and

      • Leasing or purchasing facilities for closed-course motorcycle skill training.

    • Public Awareness, PSAs, and other outreach programs to enhance driver awareness of motorcyclists, such as “share-the-road” safety messages.


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Overview of Section 2010: Model Share the Road Language

  • Develop and provide to the States model language on Share the Road.

  • Status- Developed language after reviewing existing language used by States and motorcycle community. Sent to State Highway Safety Offices, Motor Vehicle Administrators, and State Motorcycle Safety Administrators in August.


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Overview of Section 2003:Impaired Motorcycle Riding Study

  • Conduct study on educational, public information and other activities targeted at reducing impaired motorcycle crashes and resulting fatalities and injuries where the mc operator is impaired.

  • Report the results to Congress including

    • Data collected and statistics compiled

    • Recommendations to reduce the number of crashes, fatalities and injuries due to impaired riding.

  • Report results to Congress in 2 years. (August 2007)


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Overview of Section 1914:FHWA Motorcycle Advisory Council

  • Establishes 10 member motorcycle advisory council to the Secretary of Transportation, through the FHWA Administrator.

  • Council to advise on infrastructure issues of concern to motorcyclists, including

    • Barrier design

    • Road design, construction, and maintenance practices

    • Architecture and implementation of intelligent transportation system technologies

  • First meeting held October 24, 2006.


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Overview of Section 1914:FHWA Motorcycle Advisory Council

  • Council Members

    • Ed Moreland, American Motorcyclist Association

    • Jeff Hennie, Motorcycle Riders Foundation

    • Ken Kiphart, State Motorcycle Safety Administrators

    • Darrel Killion, ABATE of South Dakota

    • Steven Zimmer, ABATE of Ohio

    • Gerald Salontai, Kleinfelder, Inc.

    • Robert McClune, North America Potters Industries

    • Kathy Van Kleeck, Motorcycle Industry Council

    • Mark Bloschock, Texas Dept. of Transportation

    • Donald Vaughn, Alabama Dept. of Transportation


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Overview of Section 1914:FHWA Motorcycle Advisory Council

  • Engineering – focus on immediate solutions

    • Increased awareness of engineers of motorcyclists needs

      • Discussion included adding to current practices

        • Thermal Plastic and paint – skid resistance

        • Rumble strips

        • ‘Highlight’ raised medians

        • Specific motorcycle signs – especially for new motorcyclists


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Overview of Section 1914:FHWA Motorcycle Advisory Council

  • ITS – Include motorcycles as part of the planning process, not as an after thought.

  • Best Practices and Special Interest

    • Call in program for motorcycle-specific hazards in state

    • Additional study – Barriers that provide increased hazard to motorcyclists


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Overview of Section 5511:Motorcycle Crash Causation Study

  • Directs the Secretary to provide grant funds to the OK State University Transportation Center to conduct a comprehensive, in-depth motorcycle crash causation study that employs the OECD methodology.

  • Project managed by FHWA.

  • NHTSA conducting a pilot study for a crash causation study to develop protocol based on OECD methodology.


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