Historical Architectural Designs. Developed for the Champaign County Early American History Museum By Zachary D. Cain AHTC Summer Fellowship 2005. Historical Architectural Designs.
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Historical Architectural Designs
Developed for the Champaign County Early American History Museum
By Zachary D. Cain
AHTC Summer Fellowship 2005
Historic Background: Queen Anne style houses fit into the ornamental Victorian category, and typically incorporate a tower, a wrap-around porch, and an asymmetrical roofline of gables and hips. Windows are of every shape and size. The exterior often includes a mix of fishscale, shingles, gingerbread, and spindles. The Queen Anne style was very popular between 1880 and 1900.
Historical Background: The gabled ell has a distinctive “L” shape, which creates a front gable and a side gable. The Gabled Ell was a common house style from about 1880 to 1910. They could be quite simple or very decorative, which created houses with various stylistic elements such as bracketing, fishscale shingling, gingerbread, and Queen Anne style windows with stained glass.
Historical Background: This type of design describes homes that try to copy the architecture of early colonial America. They are usually two stories in size with clapboard exteriors and ornamental shutters next to the windows. Instead of a front porch, Colonial Revival homes usually have a side porch that is known as a sun parlor. There have been different waves of popularity for this type of design, particularly during the centennial celebration of 1876, and the bicentennial celebration of 1976.
Historical Background: The bungalow style house was first developed in California during the 1910s and was popular into the 1930s. This type of design is usually one or one and a half stories tall, with a wide, deep front porch that is supported by thick, square columns of brick or stone. Most bungalows had wide eaves and a central dormer that used triangular supports known as knee braces.
Historical Background: This type of design gets its name because the square shape of the two story house created four equal-sized rooms on each floor. The foursquare was usually two stories tall with a wide hipped roof with a central dormer. A porch usually spanned the entire front of the home, and the exterior was typically covered in clapboards. Windows were often grouped in pairs, and a bay window was commonly found on one side of the house.