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Factors Associated with Multiple-Partner Fertility Among Fathers. Cassandra Logan Jennifer Manlove Erum Ikramullah Emily Holcombe. **Support for this research provided by NICHD**. Research Questions.

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factors associated with multiple partner fertility among fathers

Factors Associated with Multiple-Partner Fertility Among Fathers

Cassandra Logan

Jennifer Manlove

Erum Ikramullah

Emily Holcombe

**Support for this research provided by NICHD**

research questions
Research Questions
  • Are family and individual socio-demographic factors associated with multiple-partner fertility among males?

2. Are characteristics of men’s first birth and first partner associated with their likelihood of experiencing multiple-partner fertility?

research questions3
Research Questions

3. Do family, individual, and first birth characteristics differentiate men who experience multiple-partner fertility in only nonmarital relationships from those who experience multiple-partner fertility in at least one marital relationship?

multiple partner fertility definition and context
Multiple-Partner Fertility: Definition and Context
  • Multiple-partner fertility is defined as having biological children with more than one partner
  • Resulting from demographic shifts in marriage patterns
motivations for the study
Motivations for the Study
  • Little is known about multiple-partner fertility among fathers
  • Multiple-partner fertility is problematic for men and their partners
  • Multiple-partner fertility has potentially negative consequences for children
conceptual framework
Conceptual Framework

Individual Characteristics

Multiple-Partner Fertility

Characteristics of First Birth

Family Background

slide7
Data
  • National Survey of Family Growth 2002 (NSFG2002)
    • Nationally representative cross-sectional survey of males and females aged 15-44 in 2002
  • Analytic Sample
    • 1,731 men who reported at least one biological child
    • 316 men who reported fathering children with more than one woman
    • Females not included because births not linked to relationship histories
methods
Methods
  • Descriptive and bivariate analyses
  • Logistic regression
    • DV: Multiple-partner fertility vs. Single-partner fertility
  • Multinomial logistic regression
    • DV: Three-level multiple-partner fertility variable by marital status
      • Nonmarital only multiple-partner fertility
      • Multiple-partner fertility with at least one marital birth
      • Single-partner fertility
eight percent of all men aged 15 44 in 2002 have had children with multiple partners

Eight Percent of All Men Aged 15-44 in 2002 Have Had Children With Multiple Partners

1 Birth

2+ Births,

Single-Partner

Fertility

No Births

2+ Births,

Multiple-Partner Fertility

slide10

1st Dependent Variable: Multiple-Partner Fertility vs. Single-Partner Fertility

Multiple-Partner Fertility

N=316

Single-Partner Fertility

N=1,415

multiple partner fertility occurs within marital and nonmarital unions

Multiple-Partner Fertility Occurs Within Marital and Nonmarital Unions

Marital Only

Nonmarital Only

Marital 1st Birth and

>1 Nonmarital Birth

Nonmarital 1st Birth

and > 1 Marital Birth

2 nd dependent variable multiple partner fertility by marital status

2nd Dependent Variable: Multiple-Partner Fertility by Marital Status

MPF With At Least 1 Marital Birth

N=188

Nonmarital Only

N=128

Single-Partner Fertility

N=1,415

independent variables
Independent Variables

Individual characteristics:

  • Age
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Foreign born status
  • Age at first sex

Family background characteristics:

  • Respondents’ parents’ marital status at birth
  • Family structure at age 14
  • Number of siblings
  • Mother’s labor force status when R was aged 5-15
  • Parent education
  • Mother was a teen mom
independent variables16
Independent Variables

Characteristics of first birth:

  • Age at birth
  • Whether R was married, cohabiting, or neither with the mother
  • Number of children with first mother
slide18
Research Question #1:Are family and individual socio-demographic factors associated with multiple-partner fertility among males?
bivariate results
Bivariate Results

Men with multiple-partner fertility:

  • In their 40s
  • African-American
  • Born into “other” family structure
  • Large number of siblings
  • Mom worked full time
  • Mom had a first teen birth
slide20
Multivariate Analyses:Predictors of Multiple-Partner Fertility with Individual and Family Characteristics Controls
slide21

Research Question #2:Are characteristics of men’s first birth and first partner associated with their likelihood of experiencing multiple-partner fertility?

slide24

Research Question #3:Do family, individual, and first birth characteristics differentiate men who experience multiple-partner fertility in only nonmarital relationships from those who experience multiple-partner fertility in at least one marital relationship?

bivariate results25
Bivariate Results

Men with nonmarital only multiple-partner

fertility:

  • Younger
  • African-American or Hispanic
  • Born to unmarried parents
  • Mom worked full time
  • Young age at 1st sex
slide26
Multivariate Analyses:Nonmarital Multiple-Partner Fertility vs. Multiple-Partner Fertility with at Least 1 Marital Birth
limitations of current study
Limitations of Current Study
  • Recall bias: men may under-report fertility information
  • Small sample size does not allow us to differentiate marital-only multiple-partner fertility
summary of findings
Summary of Findings
  • 8% of males and 18% of fathers experience multiple-partner fertility
  • One in four births are to men who have had children with multiple partners
  • Multiple-partner fertility occurs to men with varied relationship histories
summary of findings30
Summary of Findings
  • Socio-demographic factors are associated with multiple-partner fertility (age, race/ethnicity, family structure)
  • Racial and ethnic minorities and men who had their first birth at a younger age have the greatest odds of nonmarital multiple-partner fertility
summary of findings31
Summary of Findings
  • Early sexual experience is associated with multiple-partner fertility
  • Programs effective at delaying early sex and childbearing may help to reduce multiple-partner fertility
summary of findings32
Summary of Findings
  • Timing and circumstances of first birth is linked to multiple-partner fertility
  • Programs effective at helping men to delay first births and fostering healthy marriage when they do have children may help reduce multiple-partner fertility
slide34

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