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Chapter One: Setting Up and Managing a Safe Environment. Safety Policies. Caregivers are responsible for the safest possible environment Designing a safety policy What needs to be done? Understand what safety hazards may be present in any child-care environment

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Chapter one setting up and managing a safe environment l.jpg

Chapter One: Setting Up and Managinga Safe Environment


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Safety Policies

Caregivers are responsible for the safest possible environment

Designing a safety policy

What needs to be done?

Understand what safety hazards may be present in any child-care environment

Know hazards addressed by local licensing/fire boards

Be aware of safety hazards in the specific care environment

Know and address developmental abilities


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What needs to be done?

What process will be followed?

Who is responsible for making sure process is followed?

Are there any time parameters or limitations?


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Three components of a clearly written safety policy

Process/Action

Includes guidelines

Responsible caregiver


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Child Care Safety Policies Should Cover

Creating safe environments

Injury Prevention Management = forestalling or anticipating injury risk

Developing a safety plan

Methods and practices for caregivers


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Creating Safe Environments

A caregiver should

Know applicable safety practices for child care

Screen environment for hazards and remove

Use safety devices, where applicable

Monitor for environmental hazards


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Know developmental levels of children

Promote safety through action, word, and deed

Role model safety practices to children and parents

Be aware of conditions that contribute to injury

Closely observe children, especially during at-risk conditions


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Type of Environment

Child Care Centers

Child care centers governed by licensing

Child care centers that are multi-use facilities

Child care centers that are not subject to rules and regulations

Family Child Care Homes

In-Home Child Care


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The Age of Children in Care

Infants

Cephlocaudal and Proximodistal Development

Gross and Fine Motor Skills

Toddlers

Preschoolers

School Age

Multi-Age Groups


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The Community Surrounding Child Care

Liabilities

Safety hazards, conditions, and behaviors

The Child’s Family Environment

Safe

At-Risk


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What type of injury occurred?

How did the injury happen?

Why did the injury occur?

Where did the injury occur?

When did the injury happen?

ABCs of Childhood Injuries


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Injury Prevention Management

Injury Triad

Accessory

How?

Child

at risk for

injury

Condition

When/Where?

Behavior

Why?


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Physical and environmental hazards

Lack of safety devices

Accessory


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By Child

Developmental level

Emotions

Stress

Imitation

Behavior


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By Adult

Inattention

Lack of knowledge

Lack of communication

Lack of safety precautions

Emotions

Stress


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Where

Place

Indoors/Outdoors

When

Time of day

Tired, hungry, in a hurry

Conditions


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Anticipation

Room by room and outdoor inspection for safety

From developmental level of children in care

Accessories, behaviors, and conditions

Constructing a Safety Plan for Child Care


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Modifications

Removal of hazards and use of safety devices

Modify behavior using feedback, positive reinforcement, diversion, role playing through practice drills


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Monitoring

Ongoing process

Formalized

Use checklists

Study injury reports

Observation is foremost activity in monitoring


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Implications for Caregivers

Role Modeling

Safe practices

Education

Caregivers

Children

Parents


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Observation

Accessories

Behaviors

Conditions

Supervision


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Reality Check: Child Custody and the Impact on a Child Care Center

Children may come to care with unresolved custody issues

Defining type of custody (see page 42)


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Custody orders give clear guidelines to caregiver as to who is allowed to pick up child

Authorization by custodial parent for noncustodial parent to pick up child is possible with a signed document, not a phone call

No authorization, noncustodial parent is not allowed to pick up child


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Child care center or caregiver should not act as a mediator in cases where custody is not formal

A legal document should be provided by parent(s)

Policy for this issue should be developed and followed


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Safe staff to child ratio in cases where custody is not formal

Child care training

Pay attention

Avoid conflict

Reality Check:Child Care Safety Checklist for Parents


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Understand and avoid risks to health, safety, and nutrition in cases where custody is not formal

Use developmental appropriate practice

Facility licensed or registered, if required

Open door policy for parents


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