Cardiovascular disease and how to avoid it
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Cardiovascular Disease (and how to avoid it!). Heart Disease is the #1 killer of women in America. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. Most risk factors are controllable: High Blood Pressure Smoking Lack of exercise Obesity / overweight High stress Poor eating habits High Cholesterol

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Cardiovascular Disease(and how to avoid it!)



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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

  • Most risk factors are controllable:

    • High Blood Pressure

    • Smoking

    • Lack of exercise

    • Obesity / overweight

    • High stress

    • Poor eating habits

    • High Cholesterol

    • Diabetes

  • Some risk factors are not controllable:

    • Family history of heart disease

    • Age


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Blood Pressure

  • The top number is the pressure when your heart pumps blood. It is called the systolic pressure.

  • The bottom number is the pressure between pumps. It is called the diastolic pressure.

  • Your blood pressure is considered high if:

    • The top number is 140 or more

    • The bottom number is 90 or more.


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A Healthy Blood Pressure Goal is:

Less than

120/80

If you are diabetic, your goal is less than 130/80.


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Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

  • Discomfort, pressure, fullness, squeezing, or pain in the middle chest that persists for several minutes. It may go away and return later.


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Warning Signs of a

Heart Attack


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Warning Signs of a nausea, sweating, or fainting.

Heart Attack

  • Pain that radiates to the shoulders, neck, or arms.


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Few women perceive nausea, sweating, or fainting.heart disease as their greatest health threat.


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Determining Your Cardiovascular Disease Risk nausea, sweating, or fainting.

  • Cholesterol level

  • Activity Level

  • Smoking

  • Blood Pressure

  • Personal History of Heart Disease

  • Testing (Stress EKG)

  • Diabetes

  • Family History

  • Age

  • Excessive Body Fat

  • Tension & Stress

  • Testing (Resting EKG)

  • Triglycerides


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Cholesterol nausea, sweating, or fainting.

  • A waxy substance found only in foods from animals such as meats, dairy, eggs and animal fats.

  • Our bodies need some cholesterol to digest food, make hormones, and build cell walls.

  • Our bodies make all the cholesterol we need.

  • Cholesterol is carried in “packages” : LDLs, HDLs, Triglycerides.


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Total Cholesterol Guidelines nausea, sweating, or fainting.

240 mg/dl or greater = High Risk

200-239 mg/dl = Borderline

  • <200 mg/dl = Desirable


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Take Charge of Your Health! nausea, sweating, or fainting.


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Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease nausea, sweating, or fainting.

  • Control your weight

  • Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet (rich in fruits, vegetables, low fat foods)

  • Learn to read food labels

  • Exercise regularly (at least 30 minutes daily most days of the week)

  • Don’t smoke or use tobacco products

  • Take medication to lower cholesterol or blood pressure if prescribed

  • Control your blood sugar if your have diabetes

  • Limit stress. Learn and use stress relieving techniques.


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  • Increase Your Activity! nausea, sweating, or fainting.

  • Stand while talking on the phone

  • Brainstorm project ideas with a co-worker while taking a walk

  • Walk to speak to someone instead of using the phone

  • Take the stairs instead of the elevator

  • Use your break to take a brisk walk or to use the fitness center on the 1st floor

  • Use half of your lunch to walk

  • Wear a pedometer to track your activity


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Smoking nausea, sweating, or fainting.

  • Smoking has been linked to cardiovascular disease.

  • Smoking speeds up the process of atherosclerosis ( the buildup of plaque in the inner walls of the arteries) & increases the risk of death from a heart attack.

  • Smoking increases heart rate, raises blood pressure, and irritates the heart. Smoking is also destructive to the heart membranes around the arteries and encourages clot formation.

  • Smoking decreases HDL’s.

  • The risk for cardiovascular disease begins decreasing the moment you quit smoking.


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Visit nausea, sweating, or fainting.www.americanheart.org for additional heart health information.


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Have a heart healthy day! nausea, sweating, or fainting.


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