ATSA-CAMEROON. CAMEROON. REINFORCING POLICIES FOR SMOKE-FREE PUBLIC SPACES AND HEALTH WARNINGS ON CIGARETTE PACKS IN THE ANTI-SMOKING CAMPAIGN IN CAMEROON.
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Epidemiology of Smoking
Act No. 64/LF/23 of November 13, 1964 regarding public health protection.
Act No. 90/O31 of August 10, 1990 governing commercial activity in Cameroon.
Act No. 98/004 of April 14, 1998 regarding the orientation of education in Cameroon; this act prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages, tobacco and drugs in educational institutions.
Act No. 2005/005 of July 24, 2005 authorizing the President of the Republic to ratify the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).
Act No. 2006/018 of December 29, 2006 governing advertising in Cameroon.
Decree No. 93/720/PM of November 22, 1993 setting out the enforcement approach of Act No. 90/O31.
Decree No. 2005/440 Bis of October 31, 2005 regarding the ratification of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).
II - Evaluation of the effectiveness of the health warning label policy: ‘tobacco seriously harms the health of smokers and that of the people around them, tar: 14mg, nicotine: 1.2mg’ on at least 50% of the total surface of each of the two main sides of cigarette packs in Cameroon. The scope and impact of the health labels are not guaranteed to be as effective in changing the behaviour of smokers as they are in changing that of non-smokers. Given that tobacco is consumed by the majority of smokers in the form of cigarettes that are sold mostly in retail establishments to poor and/or illiterate consumers, this written warning label policy must be strengthened or redirected with health warnings with illustrated images or colour photos on the health consequences of smoking. Printing illustrated health warnings requires a synergy of actions. However, civil society players/partipants are not familiar with each other and are poorly known by their government counterparts. Because of this, it is difficult to rely on civil society organization networks, including the media, that currently are participating or could participate in the fight against tobacco and that are fundamental to the improvement of both institutional and individual capabilities to implement anti-smoking.
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