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3-1 Role of the UN in the standardization of geographical names. Helen Kerfoot Natural Resources Canada. Background. 1950s - need for clear unambiguous names in UN cartography and communication 1960s -first UN technical meetings; first UN conference (1967) 2000s

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3 1 role of the un in the standardization of geographical names l.jpg

3-1 Role of the UN in the standardization of geographical names

Helen Kerfoot

Natural Resources Canada


Background l.jpg
Background names

  • 1950s - need for clear unambiguous names in UN cartography and communication

  • 1960s -first UN technical meetings; first UN conference (1967)

  • 2000s

    • names at core of communication ... maps, census, search & rescue, postal services, etc.

    • UN continues to provide focus and forum

      • 8th Conference 2002; 21st UNGEGN session 2002


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Some major goals/dreams names

  • Every country having some form of authority for geographical names

  • Standardized (“authorized”) forms of names nationally recognized and used

  • All authorized names easily available and accessible for international use

  • All languages/writing systems having a standardized conversion to Roman orthography


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Some areas of common interest names

  • Field collection of locally used names

    • resolving questions of recording and writing

  • Names authorities and standardization processes

  • Disseminating data - gazetteers, digital files, data transfer standards, world wide web ...

  • Developing national toponymic guidelines for international cartographic use

  • Conventional names and exonyms


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How the system functions names

  • UN Conferences (every 5 years)

  • UNGEGN (~ every 2 years)

  • UNGEGN Divisions (22)

    • geographical and/or linguistic groups of countries

  • UNGEGN Working Groups

    • Publicity and funding; Toponymic terminology

    • Gazetteers and toponymic data files

    • Country names; Romanization systems

    • Training courses


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UNGEGN tools and Berlin Conference names

  • Available references

    • UNGEGN and Conference reports

    • individual papers

    • UNGEGN web site

    • Glossary of terms

    • UNGEGN brochure

  • UNCSGN Conference

    • Where, time, how it functions



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Linguistic/Geographical Divisions names

  • East Central and South-East Europe DivisionAlbania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia(Chair: Milan Adamic, Slovenia)Web site: http://www.sigov.si/kszi/division/index.html


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16th SESSION OF THE EAST CENTRAL AND SOUTH-EAST DIVISION OF THE UNGEGNMEETING OF THE WG ON GAZETTEERS AND TOPONYMIC DATA FILES

April 18-20, 2001, Ljubljana, Slovenia

  • The aim of the meeting will be focused on establishing national database system on geographical names and giving answers to the following questions:

  • How to create a national toponymic database?

  • What are the data elements required in the database?

  • What are the data formats required?

  • What are the data transfer standards required?

  • How to maintain collected data?


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UNGEGN WORKING GROUPS THE UNGEGN

  • Under the umbrella of UNGEGN, several working groups have been created to follow up topics and issues which cut across the divisional structure of UNGEGN.


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1. Working Group on Country Names THE UNGEGNConvenor: Sylvie Lejeune (France) [email protected] Working Group on Gazetteers and Toponymic Data Files Convenor: Randall Flynn (USA) [email protected] Working Group on Toponymic TerminologyConvenor: Naftali Kadmon (Israel) [email protected] Working Group on Publicity and FundingConvenor: David Munro [email protected] Working Group on Romanization SystemsConvenor: Peeter Päll (Estonia) [email protected] Working Group on Training Courses in ToponymyConvenor: Ferjan Ormeling (Netherlands) [email protected] Working Group on Evaluation and implementationConvenor: Ki-Suk Lee (Republic of Korea) [email protected]


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8. Working Group on Exonyms THE UNGEGNConvenor: Milan Orozen Adamic (Slovenia) [email protected] Working Group on PronunciationConvenor: Donall Mac Giolla Easpaig (Ireland) [email protected] UNGEGN Working Groups that have beencreated, fulfilled theirfunctions, and have been disbanded, include:Names of undersea and maritime features Extraterrestrial topographic names


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