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The Wright Brothers Resource Unit EDE 417-01 Heather Woessner Table of Contents 1 -Introduction 2 -Content 3 -Objectives 4 -Activites (5 Days) 5 -Evaluation (6 th Day) 6 -Resources a. Teacher References b. Student References c. Media References 1-Introduction

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The wright brothers resource unit l.jpg

The Wright BrothersResource Unit

EDE 417-01

Heather Woessner


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Table of Contents

1-Introduction

2-Content

3-Objectives

4-Activites

(5 Days)

5-Evaluation

(6th Day)

6-Resources

a. Teacher References

b. Student References

c. Media References


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1-Introduction

This lesson was developed for first graders at Harry Russell Elementary in West Carrollton, Ohio. Throughout the process of this lesson the students will study and explore the lives of the Wright Brothers specifically pertaining to their invention of the airplane. This lesson will take place over a course of 6 days starting in the second week of March.


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2-Content

-Events within the Wright Brothers’ lifetime

-Exploration of Aviation

-First Flight

-Wright Memorial Reunion

-Directions related to flight patterns

-Use of area maps (Dayton and United States)

-Wright Cycle Company


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2-Content Vocabulary

-distance

-Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

-Huffman Prairie

-Dayton, Ohio

-Wright Cycle Company

-West Side Newspaper

-Wright Flyer

-experiments

-Wilbur Wright

-Orville Wright

-aviation

-timeline

-airplane/aircraft

-direction concepts (right, left, near, far)

-flight


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3-Objectives

Students will:

-examine significant events within the Wright Brothers’ lifetime

-organize own life events on a timeline

-compare and contrast own life events with those of the Wright Brothers

-explore how aviation has changed through the years

-create illustrations of what we may use to fly in the future

-participate within discussion about Wright Memorial reunion

-write in journals about reunions they have attended or witnessed

-use a map of Dayton and United States to locate places of significance to the Wright Brothers


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3-Objectives cont.

-take a field trip to the Wright Cycle Company Museum

-participate in discussion about the book My Brothers’ Flying Machine: Wilbur, Orville and Me by Jane Yolen

-view and consider information included in the movie “This is American Charlie Brown: The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk”

-gain further information and test current knowledge on the Wright Brothers by playing the interactive

online Wright Brothers game

-participate in reader’s theater to overview

knowledge gained about the Wright Brothers

-complete a graphic organizer to summarize

information learned

-reflect learning in journals


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4-Activities

Over the course of five days, the students will participate in a variety of activities directly related to the Wright Brothers and developed through connections the students should be able to make from participation in these activities. By actively partaking in the process and through giving their best effort, students will be able to extend their background knowledge on significant events

that occurred in the history of the

surrounding areas. The evaluation of the

unit will take place on the sixth day of

the lesson.


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4-Activities(Day 1)

*Students will examine the significant life events occurring within the Wright Brothers lifetime. They will then research their own life events and place them on a time line. They will compare their own time line to the Wright Brothers time line through class discussion.

History

Benchmark B-Place events in correct order on a time line.

Indicator #2(1st grade)- Place events from one’s own life in a chronological order.

*Students will explore how aviation has changed through the years and what it is today. Students will draw what they believe we will use to fly in the future.

History

Benchmark B-Place events in correct order on a time line.

Indicator #3(1st grade)- Distinguish among past, present and future.


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4-Activites(Day 2)

* Students will discuss the reunion that takes place each year on the anniversary of the Wright Brother’s first flight (December 17) at the Wright Memorial. The descendants of those who witnessed the first flight gather each year to lay wreaths in remembrance of the support that their ancestors offered to the Wright Brothers. Students will write in their journals about reunions that they have witnessed or attended (family reunions).

People in Societies

Benchmark B-Identify ways that different cultures within the United States and the world have shaped our national heritage.

Indicator #3(1st grade)- Describe family and local community customs and

traditions.

* Students will make their own paper airplanes and experiment with directions and distance of flight.

Geography

Benchmark A- Identify the location of the state of Ohio, the United States, the continents and oceans on maps, globes and other geographic representations.

Indicator #1a and b(1st grade)- Identify and correctly use terms related to location, direction and distance including: (a) left/right and (b) near/far.


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4-Activites(Day 3)

*Students will use a map of Dayton and the United States to locate places of significance for the Wright Brothers (Home, Huffman Prairie, Kitty Hawk, and the Wright Cycle Company).

Geography

Benchmark A-Identify the location of the state of Ohio, the United States, the continents and oceans on maps, globes and other geographic representations.

Indicator #3(1st grade)- Identify and use symbols to locate places of significance on maps and globes.

*As a class, the students will take a field trip to the Wright Cycle Company in Downtown Dayton.

Economics

Benchmark B-Distinguish between goods and services and explain how people can be both buyers and sellers of goods and services.

Indicator #2(1st grade)-Describe the ways people produce, consume and exchange goods and services in their community.


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4-Activities(Day 4)

* The teacher will read My Brothers’ Flying Machine: Wilbur, Orville and Me by Jane Yolen, in this story Katharine talks about the contributions her brothers have made to aviation.

History

Benchmark C-Compare daily life in the past and present demonstrating an understanding that while basic human needs remain the same, they are met in different ways in different times and places.

Indicator #4(1st grade)-Raise questions about how families lived in the past and use photographs, letters, artifacts and books to clarify what is known and what is unknown.

* Students will watch the movie “This is America Charlie Brown: The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk” and then QuickTime clips of the Wright Brothers flying.

Social Studies Skills and Methods

Benchmark A- Obtain information from oral, visual, print

and electronic sources.

Indicator #1(1st grade)- Obtain information about a topic

using a variety of oral and visual sources.


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4-Activities(Day 5)

* During computer lab time, the students will pair up and play the interactive online Wright Brothers game.

Social Studies Skills and Methods

Benchmark A-Obtain information from oral,

visual, print and electronic sources.

Indicator #1(1st grade)-Obtain information

about a topic using a variety of oral and visual

sources.

*As a class the students will participate in Readers Theatre telling about the Life of the Wright Brothers in Sequence.

Social Studies Skills and Methods

Benchmark C-Communicate information orally, visually or in writing.

Indicator #5(1st grade)-Communicate information

orally or visually.


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5-Evaluation(Day 6)

The evaluation of the students will be based on three areas:

Area 1- The students' participation and quality of work throughout the week’s activities.

Area 2- The students’ ability to work as a class to develop a graphic organizer displaying the information they have learned about the Wright Brothers.

Area 3- Each student’s quality of work presented in an individual journal about the Wright Brothers and what he/she has learned.


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Graphic

Organizer


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6-Resources(Teacher)

1-Wright Cycle and Co. Museum

www.birthplaceofaviation.com

2-First Flight Reunion

www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3733138/

3-Wright Brothers Information

www.nasm.si.edu/wrightbrothers/

4-Graphic Organizers

www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/


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6-Resources(Student)

1-Background Information on the Wright Brothers www.nasm.si.edu/wrightbrothers/index_full.cfm

2-Background Information on the Wright Brothers www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wright_Brothers

3-Background Information on the Wright Brothers

http://wright.nasa.gov/

4-Paper Airplanes

www.zurqui.co.cr/crinfocus/paper/air-bld1.html

5-Paper Airplanes

www.laits.utexas.edu/hebrew/personal/toolbox/acm/airplane/airplane.html


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6-Resources(Student cont.)

6-Map of Dayton

www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?country=US&city=dayton&state=OH

7-What Makes Paper Airplanes Fly?

http://teacher.scholastic.com/paperairplane/airplane.htm

8-Interactive Wright Brothers Game

www.ueet.nasa.gov/StudentSite/games/wb2k3/wb2k3.html

9-Readers Theatre Script

www.mrsmcgowan.com/projects/flight/wrigh_Brothers_rt_script.doc

10-Interactive Tour of the Wright B Flyer

www.wright-b-flyer.org


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6-Resources(Media)

1-Websites

-Wright Brothers Information

www.nasm.si.edu/wrightbrothers/

-List of Wright Brothers Books and Informational Websites

www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/wright/resources.html

-Artifact Gallery

www.nasm.si.edu/wrightbrothers/interactiveExperiments/index.cfm

-Aviation History

www.planesoffame.org

-Huffman Prairie

www.ascho.wpafb.af.mil/huffman.htm

-Analysis of the 1903 Wright Flyer

www.fluent.com/about/news/newsletters/03v12i2_fall/a2.htm

-West Side News

www.first-to-fly.com/Information/West%20Side%20News/news.htm

2-Movies

-This is America Charlie Brown: The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk


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6-Resources(Media cont.)

3-Video Clips

-QuickTime Clip of the Wright Brothers

www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wright/glider.html

-QuickTime Clip of Wilbur Flying

http://invention.psychology.msstate.edu/moviesandphotos/movies/EuroFlyby.html

-QuickTime Clip of Wilbur Setting Altitude Record

http://invention.psychology.msstate.edu/moviesandphotos/movies/wb_altitude.mov

-QuickTime Clip Flying with Wilbur

http://invention.psychology.msstate.edu/moviesandphotos/movies/WB_onboard2.html

4-Books

-My Brothers’ Flying Machine: Wilbur, Orville and Me by Jane Yolen

-The Wright Brothers and the First Airplane by Alan Ruben

-First Flight: The Story of Tom Tate and the Wright Brothers by George Shea

-The Wright Brothers: How They Invented the Airplane by Russell Freedman


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6-Resources(Media cont.)

5-Power Point

-Wright Brothers General Information Power Point developed in EDE 417

6-Personal Pictures

-Pictures of Wright Brothers items and significant places taken by myself (from Wright State, Huffman Prairie, their home, Wright Cycle Museum, etc.)

7-Overheads

-Graphic Organizer to complete with Students through discussion

8-Maps

-Map of Dayton

-Map of United States



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