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Annual Rail Meeting of the American Public Transportation Association Rail Operations: Planning for the Extremes Tuesday, June 8, 2010 | 4:00 – 5:30 p.m. Hyatt Regency, Vancouver, British Columbia. Take Me Out to the Ballgame Strategies to Improve Rail Transit Mode Share at Fenway Park.

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Take Me Out to the Ballgame Strategies to Improve Rail Transit Mode Share at Fenway Park

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Take me out to the ballgame strategies to improve rail transit mode share at fenway park l.jpg

Annual Rail Meeting of the American Public Transportation Association

Rail Operations: Planning for the Extremes

Tuesday, June 8, 2010 | 4:00 – 5:30 p.m.

Hyatt Regency, Vancouver, British Columbia

Take Me Out to the BallgameStrategies to Improve Rail Transit Mode Share at Fenway Park

David O. Nelson

Director of Transit Planning

Jacobs Engineering Group

Boston, Massachusetts


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About Fenway Park

  • Built 1912 by the Boston Red Sox Baseball Club

  • America’s Oldest Professional Sports Venue

  • Seats 37,402

  • One of the four smallest stadiums in the major leagues

  • Have sold out every game since May 2003


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But, Fenway and the Red Sox have not always been so popular


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Fenway’s Neighbors

Boston University

Back Bay

Kenmore Square

  • Longwood Medical & Academic Area

  • Kenmore Square

  • Boston University

  • Back Bay

  • Fenway

  • Northeastern University

  • Brookline

Brookline

Fenway

Northeastern University

Longwood Medical

& Academic Area


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Fenway Transportation

  • Comm Ave

  • Brookline Ave

  • Storrow Drive

  • Park Drive

  • The Fenway

  • Green Line

    • Kenmore

    • Fenway

  • Worcester Line

    • Yawkey

  • Orange Line

    • Ruggles

  • Providence Line

    • Ruggles

Kenmore

Yawkey

Fenway

Longwood

Ruggles

Ruggles


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Fenway Transit Hubs

Kenmore Square

  • B, C & D Lines

    Fenway Station

  • D Line

    Yawkey Station

  • Worcester Line

Kenmore

Yawkey

Fenway


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How do fans travel to Fenway?


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Increasing Transit to a Larger Fenway

  • In 1999, the Boston Red Sox proposed to enlarge or replace Fenway with a 33% larger stadium.

  • Fenway’s neighbors and City concerned about traffic impacts

  • Study team systematically reviewed options to improve transit mode share to a larger venue


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Four phase approach

  • Review of current plans

  • Literature review

  • Review of current services

  • Identify and evaluate expansion strategies


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Four phase approach

  • Review of current plans

  • Literature review

  • Review of current services

  • Identify and evaluate expansion strategies


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Fenway expansion transport plans

  • Red Sox

    • Maintain current mode splits

    • Expand parking

    • Improve Kenmore Square and Green Line Kenmore Station

    • More cars on Green Line trains

    • Improvements to Green Line Fenway Station

    • Expanded commuter rail facilities and services at Yawkey Station

    • Improve connections to Orange Line Ruggles Station.

  • City of Boston

    • Limit parking expansion

    • Improve transit mode share with Green Line and Commuter Rail


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Four phase approach

  • Review of current plans

  • Literature review

  • Review of current services

  • Identify and evaluate expansion strategies


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Literature Review

  • New York, Toronto and Boston lead MLB in transit mode share

  • Limited parking increases automobile occupancy rates and transit use

  • Superior transit contributes to transit demand peaking

  • Auto occupancy rates adversely impacted by good transit service

  • Traffic management after games is usually a bigger challenge than managing arriving crowds due to peaking

  • Good accessibility appears to increase attendance at games involving mediocre teams.


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Four phase approach

  • Review of current plans

  • Literature review

  • Review of current services

  • Identify and evaluate expansion strategies


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Pre Expansion Services

Green Line

  • Public officials estimate that 24% of all fans use Green Line

  • 13 post game extra cars

  • Extra collectors and supervisors

    Commuter Rail

  • Four special stops at Yawkey Station

    Local Bus

  • Two extra buses to Allston and Watertown

  • Local service routed off Brookline Avenue

    Orange Line

  • Red Sox Ruggles Shuttle Bus

    Police

  • 12 to 14 transit police at Kenmore and Fenway


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Fenway Park and The Green Line


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About the Green Line

  • America’s Oldest Subway

  • ~240,000 boardings per day

  • ~24,000 passengers per peak hour

  • ~215 vehicles

  • Kenmore Square 60 trains per peak hour

  • Fenway (D Line) 12 eastbound trains per hour


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Game Day at Kenmore Station


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Game Day at Fenway Station

12 Eastbound Riverside Trains per Peak Hour


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Game Day at Yawkey

  • Four pre game trains

  • One Eastbound

  • Three Westbound

Three Westbound Trains

after 8pm


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Driving and Parking

Neither Easy nor Cheap


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Four phase approach

  • Review of current plans

  • Literature review

  • Review of current services

  • Identify and evaluate expansion strategies


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Strategies Identified and Evaluated

Institutional (7)

Operational (8)

Capital (4)


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Institutional Strategies

  • Bundled ticketing

  • Priority street access for MBTA buses

  • Post-game events in Fenway park

  • Local post-game events outside Fenway Park

  • Red Sox pre-game events at Riverside

  • Game day signage near Riverside

  • Subsidized transit for Red Sox employees and concessionaires


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Operational Strategies

  • Kingston commuter rail service

  • Dedicated Providence/Attleboro commuter rail service

  • Pre game commuter rail on existing trains from South Station to Yawkey

  • Longer Green Line trains dedicated to post game service

  • Improved post-game service to North Station

  • Express trains from Riverside

  • Coordinated commuter rail at Ruggles

  • Express bus service from Fenway connecting with Red Line stations


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Capital Strategies

  • Commuter rail turn-back station and train storage

  • Increase Green Line capacity at Fenway Station

  • Increase weeknight pre-game Green Line capacity


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Ten Years After

  • New Red Sox Ownership

  • New stadium scrapped

  • Two World Championships

  • Nearly 800 consecutive sold out games

  • 9% capacity expansion at historic stadium

  • Expanded use of stadium for concerts & other events


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Ten years of incremental improvements

  • Renovated Kenmore Station

    • Improved rail and bus facilities

    • Improved facilities for game day crush

    • Improved fare collection system

  • New Green Line cars

    • Larger, more reliable fleet

  • Fenway Station improvements

    • Still planned

  • Expanded commuter rail service

    • More everyday service to Yawkey and Ruggles

  • Yawkey Station improvements

    • In design

  • Yawkey Way and Lansdowne Street Festival Space

  • Ruggles Orange Line Shuttle

    • Discontinued


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Renovated Kenmore Station

  • Larger Southside Head House

  • Elevators and Escalators

  • Expanded Mezzanine

  • More Queuing Space

  • Improved Fare Collection


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Yawkey Way Festival Space

More space for fans to:

  • Arrive sooner

  • Stay longer


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New Yawkey Station

Air Rights Development

New longer two-track station

700 car parking structure

330 homes

~500,000 ft2 office and retail


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Annual Rail Meeting of the American Public Transportation Association

Rail Operations: Planning for the Extremes

Tuesday, June 8, 2010 | 4:00 – 5:30 p.m.

Hyatt Regency, Vancouver, British Columbia

Take Me Out to the BallgameStrategies to Improve Rail Transit Mode Share at Fenway Park

David O. Nelson

Director of Transit Planning

Jacobs Engineering Group

Boston, Massachusetts


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