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Group A2 Automobile manufacturing industry Competitors overview Crystal Friend Ernita Harjati Valerie Staffey. Lead Competitors DaimlerChrysler AG Ford Motor Corporation Honda Motors Toyota. Daimler Chrysler AG. Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com.

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slide1

Group A2

Automobile manufacturing industry Competitors overview

Crystal Friend

Ernita Harjati

Valerie Staffey

slide2

Lead Competitors

  • DaimlerChrysler AG
  • Ford Motor Corporation
  • Honda Motors
  • Toyota
slide3

Daimler Chrysler AG

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide4

Daimler Chrysler AG

  • Company History:
  • Company founders- Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz
  • Mercedes automobiles were fitted with Daimler engines and open the door to the world’s first car race in 1894
  • Original cars had low center of gravity, pressed-steel frame, light, high-performance engine and honeycomb radiator
  • In 1988, Daimler-Benz AG and Chrysler Corporation – merged to form Daimler Chrysler AG

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide5

Daimler Chrysler AG

  • Company Today:
  • Develops, manufactures and distributes passenger cars, light trucks and commercial vehicles
  • Operates in four segments: Mercedes Car Group, Chrysler Group, Commercial vehicles and Services
  • Total Revenue EUR 142.1 billion (USD 192.3 billion) in 2004
  • Total employees: 384,723
  • Headquarters: EUR-Stuttgart,Germany USA- Auburn Hills, MI

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide6

Daimler Chrysler AG

Product Lines

  • Dodge
  • Smart
  • Commercial brands including-
    • Freightliner
    • Western Star
  • Maybach
  • Mercedes-Benz
  • Chrysler
  • Jeep

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide7

Daimler Chrysler AG

Financial Overview

  • As of 10/28/05:
    • Stock (NYSE:DCX): $49.52
    • Market Capacity: $50,155 Millions
    • Sales: $176,471 Millions
  • Debt/Equity (2004): N/A; S&P: 1.3
  • Financial Leverage (2004): 5.4; S&P: 5.3

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide8

Daimler Chrysler AG

Financial Overview

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide9

Daimler Chrysler

  • S.W.O.T Analysis
  • Strengths-
    • Clear, four-pillar strategy: global presence, superior products, leading brands, and innovation/technology leadership
  • Weaknesses-
    • Increased market penetration and lower demand. Speed and efficiency of R&D efforts
  • Opportunities-
    • Signs of economic recovery in Japan, continued energy research
  • Threats-
    • Fuel resources and regulation, weaker economic growth and demand for automobiles worldwide, rising crude oil prices, higher interest rates

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide10

Daimler Chrysler AG

  • Innovation
  • Energy for the Future
    • DaimlerChrysler Commercial Buses North America has received a contract for 500 Orion VII hybrid-electric buses from New York City transport services
    • Fuel efficiency and resource research
  • Accident-Free Driving
    • Distronic system is equipped with a 77-GHz radar sensor that measures the distance to the vehicle in front, up to a separation of 150 meters
  • Automotive Visions & Further Innovations

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide11

Daimler Chrysler AG

  • Headlines
  • Significant increase in Daimler Chrysler’s Third Quarter Operating Profit to EUR 1.8 billion (+38%)
  • Daimler Chrysler Receives Largest Hybrid Electric Bus Order to Date
  • Mercedes Car Group Sold 117,900 cars in September 2005
  • Chrysler Group Achieves 18th Consecutive Month of Sales Gains on 4 Percent Rise in Sales

Reference: www.aaaa.org and www.daimlerchrysler.com

slide13

Ford Motor Company

  • Company History
  • Founded on June 16, 1903
  • In 1896, Henry Ford invented the Quadricycle. It was the first "horseless carriage" that he actually built
  • Perhaps Ford Motor Company\'s single greatest contribution to automotive manufacturing was the moving assembly line. First implemented at the Highland Park plant (in Michigan, US) in 1913
  • Went public and on Feb. 24, 1956, had about 350,000 new stockholders

Reference: www.ford.com

slide14

Ford Motor Company

  • Company Today
  • Third largest auto manufacturer, behind GM and Toyota
  • Designs, manufacturers, and finances passenger cars and light trucks
  • Total Revenue $170 billion
    • 86% of total revenue from automobile sales
    • Financial-services arm contributes the remaining 14% revenue
  • Headquarters: Dearborn, MI
  • Employees: 327,531

Reference: www.ford.com

slide15

Ford Motor Company

Product Lines

  • Ford
  • Lincoln
  • Mercury
  • Mazda
  • Volvo
  • Jaguar
  • Land Rover
  • Aston Martin

Reference: www.ford.com

slide16

Ford Motor Company

  • S.W.O.T analysis
  • Strengths:
  • Ford F-150 top selling vehicle in U.S. Ford\'s primary strength is the production of light duty trucks and SUVs. As an example, the "F- Series" of truck will had a unit volume of over 750,000 for 2004
  • Weaknesses:
  • The global over capacity of the entire industry
  • Opportunities:
  • Increase in overseas productions, sales. The product line is expanding, the corporate culture is firmly and centered on the core business. The distribution channel is one of the best in the business with Ford dealerships in over 70 countries
  • Threats:
  • Domestic and Foreign competition

Reference: www.ford.com

slide17

Ford Motor Company

  • Financial Overview
  • As of 10/28/05:
    • Stock (NYSE:F): $8.02
    • Market Capacity: $14,861 Millions
    • Sales: $173,740 Millions
  • Debt/Equity (2004): 10.8; S&P: 1.3
  • Financial Leverage (2004): 18.2; S&P: 5.3

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide18

Ford Motor Company

Financial Overview

Reference: www.ford.com

slide19

Ford Motor Company

Financial Overview

Reference: www.ford.com

slide20

Ford Motor Company

  • Headlines
  • The "Recycling Leadership Award" was given to Ford Motor Company from the National Recycling Coalition
  • Diversity Inc.’s Top 50 Company for Diversity
  • Working Mother’s Top 100 Place to Work
  • Volvo Unveils Two Hot New Concepts At The 2005 SEMA Show
  • Ford Delivers Fleet of Hydrogen Focus Fuel Cell Vehicles to Southeast Michigan
  • Latina Style’s Top 50 Company for Hispanic Women to Work

Reference: www.ford.com

slide22

Honda Motor Corporation

  • Company History:
  • Company founder- Soichiro Honda
  • Honda Motor Corp. Ltd., was founded in 1948
  • In 1959, the American Honda Motor Company is established
        • "We have now established ourselves on solid ground domestically," said Senior Managing Director Takeo Fujisawa. "Eventually, we\'ll have to aim to be number one worldwide. So, with that in mind, why don\'t you go check out the overseas market?"
  • In 1963,Honda\'s first sports car (S500) and light truck (T360) released

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.world.honda.com

slide23

Honda Motor Corporation

  • Company Today:
  • Develops, produces and manufactures motor products ranging from small general-purpose engines to specialty sports cars
  • Global Operations
    • Honda Japan, Honda South America, Honda Asia/Oceania, Honda North/Central America, Honda Europe/Middle East/Africa, Honda China.
  • Total Revenue JPY133.7 billion (USD 1,181 million) at end of Q2 2005
  • Total employees: 137,827
  • Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.world.honda.com

slide24

Honda Motor Corporation

Product Lines

  • Honda
  • Acura
  • Honda Motorcycles
  • Honda Power Equipment
  • Honda Marine
  • Honda Engines

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.world.honda.com

slide25

Honda Motor Corporation

  • Financial Overview
  • As of 10/28/05:

Stock (NYSE:HMC): $27.33

Market Capacity: $52,549 Millions

Sales: $80,544 Millions

  • Debt/Equity (2004):0.5 ; S&P: 1.3
  • Financial Leverage (2004): 2.8; S&P: 5.3

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide26

Honda Motor Corporation

Financial Overview

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.world.honda.com

slide27

Honda Motor Corporation

  • S.W.O.T. Analysis
  • Strengths-
    • World’s leader in motorcycle sales, continuous advancement of the Civic, increased unit sales in Europe and continental Asia, breadth and depth of product lines
  • Weaknesses-
    • Increased market penetration and lower demand. Speed and efficiency of R&D efforts
  • Opportunities-
    • Signsof economic recovery in Japan,healthy motorsport market in US, market introduction of “all-new” and “next generation” models
  • Threats-
    • Fuel resources and regulation, weaker economic growth and demand for automobiles worldwide, rising crude oil prices, higher interest rates, currency conversion rates

Reference: Yahoo Finance and www.world.honda.com

slide28

Honda Motor Corporation

  • Headlines
  • Honda Sets All-Time Records for Overseas and Worldwide Production for the First Half of Fiscal Year
  • High strength in hallmark for new Accords.
    • Nearly 50% of each uni-body for Honda Motor Co’s Accord sedan and coupe models is made of high strength steel
  • Honda, VW spots put safety first: new ads to break mid-October leave behind sterile crash tests
  • Honda Strengthens R&D Capability in Asia Oceania Region By Establishing Automobile R&D Center in Thailand

Reference: www.aaaa.org and www.world.honda.com

slide30

Toyota

  • Company History
  • First established in 1937 as a spin-off from Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, one of the world\'s leading manufacturers of weaving machinery
  • In 1950 the company experienced its one and only strike. Labor and management emerged from this stoppage firmly committed to the principles of mutual trust and dependence, and that corporate philosophy still guides their growth today
  • Toyota launched its first small car (SA Model) in 1947. Production of vehicles outside Japan began in 1959 at a small plant in Brazil, and continued with a growing network of overseas plants

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide31

Toyota

  • Company Today
  • Toyota is the world\'s third largest manufacturer of automobiles in unit sales and in net sales. It is by far the largest Japanese automotive manufacturer, producing more than 5.5 million vehicles per year, equivalent to one every six seconds
  • Toyota Motor Corporation is one of the world‘s leading automakers, offering a full range of models, from minivehicles to large trucks
  • Toyota employs 264,000 people worldwide (on a consolidated basis), and markets vehicles in more than 140 countries
  • Head office in Toyota City, Aichi

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide32

Toyota

Product Lines

  • Toyota
  • Lexus
  • Toyota F1 and Motorsports
  • Hino
  • Daihatsu
  • Diversified operations include telecommunications, prefabricated housing and leisure boats

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide33

Toyota

  • S.W.O.T analysis
  • Strengths:
  • Small cars in times of high gas prices, low cost production, High quality, repeat buyers, Lexus most popular luxury brand, Toyota Camry No. 1 selling car in U.S.
  • Weaknesses:
  • World market is in over supply of cars. Car market may slow down production. The company needs to keep producing cars in order to retain its operational efficiency

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide34

Toyota

  • S.W.O.T analysis
  • Opportunities:
  • Lexus and Toyota now have a reputation for manufacturing environmentally friendly vehicles. Lexus has RX 400h hybrid, and Toyota has it Prius
  • Threats:
  • Product recalls are always a problem for vehicle manufacturers. In 2005 the company had to recall 880,00 sports utility vehicles and pick up trucks due to faulty front suspension systems. The company is also exposed to any movement in the price of raw materials such as rubber, steel and fuel. Tremendous competitive rivalry in the car market (new entrants from China, South Korea, and new plants in Eastern Europe)

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide35

Toyota

  • Financial Overview
  • As of 10/28/05:
    • Stock (NYSE:TM): $91.25
    • Market Capacity: $149,106 Millions
    • Sales: $172,740 Millions
  • Debt/Equity (2004): 0.5; S&P: 1.4
  • Financial Leverage (2004): 2.7; S&P: 5.3

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide36

Toyota

  • Financial Overview

Reference: www.Toyota.co.jp annual report

slide37

Toyota

  • Headlines
  • Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. (TMMK) will produce the hybrid version of the Camry - the first Toyota hybrid vehicle to be made in North America - beginning in the second half of 2006, with an expected monthly production target of 4,000 units
  • Toyota\'s Fourth Environmental Action Plan, announced in May, calls for the company to become "a leader and driving force in global regeneration by implementing the most advanced environmental technologies"

Reference: www.toyota.com

slide39

Chart Comparison:

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide40

Chart Comparison:

ROA (%) for 6 years comparing GM and its competitors.

Honda shows to be the highest followed by Toyota and Chrysler.

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide41

Chart Comparison:

ROE (%) for 6 years comparing GM and its competitors.

Ford shows to be the first followed by Honda and Toyota.

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide42

Chart Comparison:

Operating Margin (%) for 6 years comparing GM and its competitors.

Toyota shows to be the first followed by Honda and GM.

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide43

Stock Comparison:

Reference: www.morningstar.com

slide44

Overall Industry Trends

  • Increased R & D Spending
  • Lower sales in high fuel intake, SUV vehicles
  • Continued innovations in build and manufacturing
  • Continued research for more efficient fuel sources
  • Large company merger
  • Economic boom in Asia- markets in China and India expected to exceed overall geographic sales

References: The Economist

slide45

GM vs. Competitors- Overall Conclusions

  • GM is not as innovative as other competitors.
    • GM was not the leader of hybrid vehicle which is in high demand right now
    • Many new vehicle offered by GM do not appeal to young buyers
  • GM offers many rebates / sales incentives to boost their unit sales
  • GM and Ford have decreasing total return % trend performance compared to Toyota, Honda, and Chrysler who have increasing return even though GM is the leader at its sales.
  • GM is one of industry’s worst returns on assets
slide46

Suggestions for GM:

  • Redesign their product line to keep leadership in the worldwide automobile business by interacting directly with the real world instead of focusing on just automobile shows or high-tech design (explore other electronic shows, car dealerships, etc).
  • Plan to introduce an alternate fuel vehicle or hybrid to compete with other manufacturers and attract environmentally-conscience consumers, especially since GM’s majority of sales are in trucks and SUV’s, which tend to use more gasoline.
  • Continue to work on drastically reducing health care and pension costs, starting with decreasing their number of employees.
  • Bring back employee discount program to Hummer, Cadillac, and Saab to boost profits made from GM’s financing division. In the meantime, continue to strongly market these products.
slide47

References

Company financial information. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from http://www.morningstar.com

Daimler Chrysler operating profit by segment and company history .Retrieved October 31, 2005, from http://www.diamlerchrysler.com

Daimler Chrysler Headlines. Retrieved November 1, 2005, from www.aaaa.org and www.daimlerchrysler.com

Economist, The. The global car industry, Extinction of the Predator. September 8, 2005.Retrieved November 7, 2005.

Financial information. Retrieved October___10/28/05__, from http://finance.yahoo.com/

Ford Heritage. Retrieved October 25, 2005 from, http://www.ford.com/en/heritage/default.htm?referrer=home

Ford Good Works. Retrieved October 25, 2005 from, http://www.ford.com/en/goodWorks/default.htm?referrer=home

slide48

References

  • Ford financial global overview. Retrieved November 03,2005 from http://www.ford.com/en/company/investorInformation/comp anyReports/annualReports/2004annualReport/2004_pdfs.htm
  • GM has a new model for change. Smith, James. Fast Company. December 2000. Retrieved November 04, 2005 from “http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/41/gm.html”
  • Honda operating data (unit sales breakdown) and company history. Retrieved October 27,2005, from http://www.world.honda.com
  • Honda Headlines. Retrieved November 1, 2005, from www.aaaa.org and
  • www.world.honda.com
  • Toyota revenues and operating income by region and company history .Retrieved November 03, 2005, from http://www.toyota.co.jp/en/ir/library/annual/pdf/2005/03.pdf
  • Toyota SWOT. Retrieved October 25, 2005 from http://www.marketingteacher.com/SWOT/toyota_swot.htm
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