Pasture Management. Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office June, 2002. Establishing New Pastures Varieties or Cultivars to use Fertilization Weed Control Pest Control Grazing Management Prescribed Burning Help. Key to Superb Forage Program.
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Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office
Key to Superb Forage Program
Timeliness: the ability to get things done when they need
to be done.
Match crops to needs.
Use the adapted species and
Maximize the length of the grazing
Allow the animals to harvest the forage.
Soil test, fertilize, and lime at the proper time and rate.
Use of legumes.
Good forage programs don’t just happen, they are planned.
Ranking of yield (3 year average) and in vitro dry matter
digestibility (IVDMD) of bermudagrass hybrids and
relative to Coastal
Coastal 100 100
Tifton 44 87 104
Tifton 78 83 83
Tifton 85 124 111
Coastal 68 91 107
Alicia 96 91
Russell 90 102
Midland 99 101 101
Berlin 92 102
G. W. Burton, unpublished data.
What’s the best variety of forages for my farm?
It depends on location and land type.
What component of my feeding program most limits
Coastal and Tifton 85
Estimated Establishment Costs Per Acre
Coastal Bermuda in South Georgia Area
N80 lb 20.80
P40 lb 8.00
K60 lb 7.80
Total Establishment Costs$206.93
Cost will vary, depending on Bermuda variety and acres sprigged.
Nutrient Removal by Selected Crops
Crop Yield N P K
Bermudagrass hay 8 tons400 70 300
Corn 120 bushels 115 47 32
Peanuts + vines 2 tons 240 39 185
Wheat grain 60 bushels 70 33 20
Wheat grain + straw 60 bushels 100 40 122
Ryegrass pasture 300 lb. beef 9 7 1
Bermuda pasture 200 lb. beef 6 5 1
Take Soil Samples
Follow the recommendations!
Major Pests of Bermudagrass
Follow the directions of the recommended pesticides
in a timely manner!
Managing the Prescribed Burn
Use selective herbicide
Contact chemical representative (rep) for recommendations
Care should be taken; wind-drift etc
What crops are your neighbors growing?
Grazon P + D
A very broad topic
Model Farm - Case Study
Hay fed per cow2.5 tons1 ton- 60%
Calving percentage 87%95%+ 9%
Stocking rate0.8 cow/A1 cow/A+ 25 %
Total variable costs$219/cow$92/cow- 58%
Total fixed costs$42/cow$70/cow+ 67%
Total costs$261/cow$162/cow- 38%
Net return$66/cow$260/cow+ 294%
Rozier and Linda Wingate, Old Orchard Farm
Ellijay, Gilmer County, Georgia
Remember, you are in the grass business first!
You decide what works best on your farm,
regardless of the species that you raise!