Pasture management
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Pasture Management PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 330 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Pasture Management. Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office June, 2002. Establishing New Pastures Varieties or Cultivars to use Fertilization Weed Control Pest Control Grazing Management Prescribed Burning Help. Key to Superb Forage Program.

Download Presentation

Pasture Management

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Pasture management

Pasture Management

Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office

June, 2002


Pasture management

  • Establishing New Pastures

  • Varieties or Cultivars to use

  • Fertilization

  • Weed Control

  • Pest Control

  • Grazing Management

  • Prescribed Burning

  • Help


Pasture management

Key to Superb Forage Program

Timeliness: the ability to get things done when they need

to be done.

Match crops to needs.

Use the adapted species and

variety.

Maximize the length of the grazing

season.

Allow the animals to harvest the forage.

Soil test, fertilize, and lime at the proper time and rate.

Use of legumes.

Grazing methods.

Good forage programs don’t just happen, they are planned.


Pasture management

Ranking of yield (3 year average) and in vitro dry matter

digestibility (IVDMD) of bermudagrass hybrids and

relative to Coastal

HybridYieldIVDMD

Coastal 100 100

Tifton 44 87 104

Tifton 78 83 83

Tifton 85 124 111

Coastal 68 91 107

Alicia 96 91

Russell 90 102

Midland 99 101 101

Berlin 92 102

================================

G. W. Burton, unpublished data.


Pasture management

What’s the best variety of forages for my farm?

It depends on location and land type.

What component of my feeding program most limits

animal production?

Bermudagrass

Coastal and Tifton 85

Bahiagrass

Tifton 9


Pasture management

Estimated Establishment Costs Per Acre

Coastal Bermuda in South Georgia Area

Lime1 ton$24.00

Fertilizer

N80 lb 20.80

P40 lb 8.00

K60 lb 7.80

Herbicide 15.50

Sprigging 95.00

Machinery 10.81

Labor 7.02

Overhead 18.00

Total Establishment Costs$206.93

Cost will vary, depending on Bermuda variety and acres sprigged.


Pasture management

Nutrient Removal by Selected Crops

Nutrient Removal

Crop Yield N P K

---------------------pounds--------------------

Bermudagrass hay 8 tons400 70 300

Corn 120 bushels 115 47 32

Peanuts + vines 2 tons 240 39 185

Wheat grain 60 bushels 70 33 20

Wheat grain + straw 60 bushels 100 40 122

Ryegrass pasture 300 lb. beef 9 7 1

Bermuda pasture 200 lb. beef 6 5 1


Pasture fertilization

Pasture Fertilization

Take Soil Samples

  • Soil sampling

  • sample to a depth of 2 to 3 inches

  • take 20 or more subsamples

  • avoid sampling within 150 feet of watering points,

  • shade, and loafing areas.

Follow the recommendations!


Pest control

Pest Control

Major Pests of Bermudagrass

  • Army worm

  • Spittlebug

Follow the directions of the recommended pesticides

in a timely manner!


Weed control

Weed Control

  • Timeliness

  • Burning

  • Mowing

  • Spraying

  • Use selective herbicide


Prescribed burning

Prescribed Burning

  • Another effective management tool

  • When to burn?

  • One week prior to green up of bermudagrass

  • Historical dates for last freeze

  • March 13 for south Georgia

  • March 30 for central Georgia

  • Must contact county forest ranger

  • Contact local or county public safety offices before burning near roads


Pasture management

Prescribed Burning

  • What are the benefits?

  • Eliminate thatch buildup

  • Thatch reduces light penetration,

  • which inhibits young stolen growth

  • Keeps soil temp lower in the spring,

  • which delays green up by 2 weeks

  • Thatch layer ties up nutrients

  • Thatch layer decreases water infiltration

  • Cleaner first cutting of hay

  • Weed Control

  • destroys many annual seeds

  • destroys woody stemmed perennials (briars)


Prescribed burning1

Prescribed Burning

  • What are the problems?

  • Safety

  • unintentionally burning of woods and homes

  • Burning too early

  • grass is more susceptible to late freeze

  • Burning too late (after green up)

  • may reduce the stand

  • may kill stolens on the surface


Pasture management

Managing the Prescribed Burn

  • Develop a fire plan for the field(s)

  • location of firebreaks

  • backfires, headfire line, etc.

  • location of personnel and safety equipment

  • Firebreaks

  • a plowed strip 10 feet wide

  • a wet break using a strip of small grains

  • a dirt road or paved road

  • Have plenty of help

  • Make sure all personnel know the fire plan

  • Constant monitoring during and after the

  • burn


Mowing

Mowing

  • Temporary Fix

  • Labor Intensive

  • Costs……$8 to $10/acre

  • Two mowings per season needed

  • Only top growth eliminated, not entire plant

  • Regrowth occurs quickly

  • Forage grasses are mowed along with the weeds

  • Leaves a large portion of production on the ground

  • Lost forage is unavailable to livestock


Spraying

Spraying

Use selective herbicide

Contact chemical representative (rep) for recommendations

Liability involved?

Care should be taken; wind-drift etc

What crops are your neighbors growing?

Grazing restrictions?


Selective herbicides for pastures

Selective Herbicides for Pastures

Grazon P + D

Plateau


Controlled grazing

Controlled Grazing

A very broad topic

Numerous plans

  • Limit grazing

  • spares the damaging effects of hooves and bodies

  • 2 hours is sufficient grazing time


Pasture management

Model Farm - Case Study

Item19962000Change

Hay fed per cow2.5 tons1 ton- 60%

Calving percentage 87%95%+ 9%

Stocking rate0.8 cow/A1 cow/A+ 25 %

Total variable costs$219/cow$92/cow- 58%

Total fixed costs$42/cow$70/cow+ 67%

Total costs$261/cow$162/cow- 38%

Net return$66/cow$260/cow+ 294%

Rozier and Linda Wingate, Old Orchard Farm

Ellijay, Gilmer County, Georgia


Pasture management

Remember, you are in the grass business first!

You decide what works best on your farm,

regardless of the species that you raise!


  • Login