Non-State Providers (NSP) in Education Cambodian Case Study. Kampuchean Action for Primary Education (KAPE) (The Role of NSPs in Delivering Basic Social Services, Manila, 20 April 2010) . Content Summary. Aspects of Regulatory Environment & Service Delivery KAPE : Brief Agency Background
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Kampuchean Action for Primary Education (KAPE)
(The Role of NSPs in Delivering Basic Social Services, Manila, 20 April 2010)
Why do availability of LNGOs . . .INGOs, LNGOs, and CSOs focus mainly on providing formal educational services for the rural poor within the state sector?
1. Advocacy Engagement . . . .
Key Point: Funding Advocacy fills a vacuum for local gov’t, which often finds it difficult to advocate for funds
Local gov’t has neither the time nor expertise in writing proposals
Local government is not well equipped for project implementation
Through LNGO Advocacy, it can participate in design decisions but assign responsibility to LNGO for implementation
2. Stakeholder-Driven Development Engagement . . . .
In all of its projects, there is a conscious effort to avoid top-down development
KAPE does not use standardized packages for services; stakeholders design the programming
This promotes ownership and by extension sustainability
Implementation approaches are guided by the maxim, ‘Freedom in a fixed structure’
Examples of mediating approaches
Open-ended school grants
Local Implementation Committees
Successes Engagement . . . .
Established a unique relationship with national and local government to promote innovation & policy change
Through advocacy, the agency brought $5 million in cash investment in its service area, mainly for services (not infrastructure)
An additional $15 million in in-kind investment occurred, mainly for school breakfast programming
Challenges for an Expanded PPP Engagement . . . .
The Two Scourges of PPP when it comes to direct service delivery: Replication & Sustainability
Replication because it implies formulaic definitions of service delivery for an expanded roll out (local agendas, quality)
Sustainability because it disallows payments for incentives