NOAA Regional Climate Centers

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NOAA Regional Climate Centers

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1. NOAA Regional Climate Centers Regional enterprises for user-centric climate services, interdisciplinary climate research, applications, and education that provide a regional focus to addressing societal needs. The nation should develop a program of regional entities (laboratories or centers) that emphasize region-specific observation, integrated understanding, and predictive capability to provide useful information that will drive the development of a regional focus on addressing societal needs.The nation should develop a program of regional entities (laboratories or centers) that emphasize region-specific observation, integrated understanding, and predictive capability to provide useful information that will drive the development of a regional focus on addressing societal needs.

2. NOAA supports a three-tiered Climate Services at National, Regional and State Levels through the relative roles of NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center , Regional Climate Centers and State Climate Offices. NCDC maintains a robust relationship with NOAA’s National Weather Service field offices and headquarters’ Climate Services Division (http://www.weather.gov/os/csd/index.shtml), as well as OAR’s Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) offices (http://www.climate.noaa.gov/cpo_pa/risa/). NCDC manages a full spectrum of climate data (in situ, satellite, radar, models). Regional Climate Centers support applied climatology in their regions with NOAA and non-NOAA data sources, and state climatologists have extensive expertise in NOAA’s Coop data and also state and local observation networks.

4. NOAA’s Regional Climate Centers, operating under contract to the National Climatic Data Center, offer data management and analysis support to the Grant-funded OAR Research Activity called RISA NOAA's Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) RISA Locations Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP) California Applications Project (CAP) Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) Climate Assessment of the Southwest (CLIMAS) Climate Impacts Group (CIG) Pacific RISA Southeastern Climate Consortium (SECC) Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program (SCIPP) Western Water Assessment (WWA) NOAA’s Regional Climate Centers, operating under contract to the National Climatic Data Center, offer data management and analysis support to the Grant-funded OAR Research Activity called RISA NOAA's Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) RISA Locations Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP) California Applications Project (CAP) Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) Climate Assessment of the Southwest (CLIMAS) Climate Impacts Group (CIG) Pacific RISASoutheastern Climate Consortium (SECC) Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program (SCIPP)Western Water Assessment (WWA)

5. NOAA Regional Climate Centers RCC Functions – Climate Services Provide general and user-defined regional and local climate products and services to external users and partners including: near-real time relational database system, web-based information resources. Provide regional and local expertise and assistance to a wide range of customers. Climate services tasks are iterative and evolutionary Specific on-line climate information and data archival and access capabilities grow from user and partner interests and needs. Infrastructure strengthening Specialized climate service personnel recruitment and training

6. NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC/RCC Climate Assessment Research

7. NOAA Regional Climate Centers RCC Functions – Education and Outreach Conduct outreach to regional and local decision makers on the use of climate products. Building design (snow loads, soil freezing), Flood management, Irrigation, Pest management Coastal erosion Water management Agriculture Climate change Energy Environment Risk management Transportation Natural hazards

8. millions NowData products per month 30+ State Climatologists with ACIS access AgACIS access in 3141 US counties 1000s of regional climate maps generated per day Nearly 5,000,000 online climate services monthly Decision tools for Cooperative Extension, private industry, government Irrigation Flood management Public health

9. xmACIS (NWS Field Office Use) Applied Climate Information System Data query tool for NWS local climate research/local product development, and to answer customer climate record inquiries Complete historical climate database with near real-time update agACIS (Custom data and products for the NCRS) NOWData (Customer Use) Self-service tool Subset of xmACIS Free, limited access For current year and Normals Portal for ACIS and NCDC information ThreadEx (Open Use) Consistent daily temperature and precipitation extremes Datzilla (Partner Use) Data discrepancy reporting 400 registered NOAA users WxCoder III (COOP Use) Internet observation entry system

12. 3 tiers of climate services: NCDC, AASC & RCCs RCCs provide consistency in data and products Established ties to all 50 states & inter-state agencies Closely Integrated with Cooperative Extension Agriculture Sea Grant Water Resources Environment Urban Issues K-12 Education Climate Change Growing ties to the NOAA RISAs

16. HCN-M Surveys Desktop and in the field Northrup Grumman GEOS Decision Tools Extremes Database for The WeatherChannel Able to transition applied research Current discussions with RMA Consistent and authoritative information in response to extremes

17. NIDIS Interagency Partners Federal, State, Tribal, Local Levels

18. NOAA Regional Climate Centers RCC History and Program Management Response to National Climate Program Act of 1978 Three demonstration projects 1981-1986 Congressionally directed funds 1986 Western RCC Desert Research Institute – 1987 Midwestern RCC Illinois State Water Survey – 1988 High Plains RCC University of Nebraska – 1988 Northeast RCC Cornell University – 1989 Southeast RCC South Carolina Dept. Natural Resources – 1990 (Now University of North Carolina Chapel Hill) Southern RCC Louisiana State University – 1990 National Climate Program Office 1988-1991 National Weather Service 1991-1997 National Climatic Data Center 1997-present Regional Climate Centers perform under contract to NESDIS National Climatic Data Center to provide climate Archive, Access and Assessment services in the respective states of their region. RCCs operate under Earmark funds providing essential governmental services. RCCs collaborate with RISAs which are based funded through competitive research grants. NOAA Cooperative Research Institutes which are established through the USEC DOC NWS Climate Services at HQ, Regional and Field Offices Regional Climate Centers perform under contract to NESDIS National Climatic Data Center to provide climate Archive, Access and Assessment services in the respective states of their region. RCCs operate under Earmark funds providing essential governmental services. RCCs collaborate with RISAs which are based funded through competitive research grants. NOAA Cooperative Research Institutes which are established through the USEC DOC NWS Climate Services at HQ, Regional and Field Offices

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