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Network-Centric Battlefield Operations. AIAA Team 3 -Mike Lunsford -Paul Koerner. Overview. Definition of Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) Why do we need it? Previous Operations Future of network centric battlefields How military transports fit into the battlespace Conclusion. What is NCW?.

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Network centric battlefield operations l.jpg

Network-Centric Battlefield Operations

AIAA Team 3

-Mike Lunsford

-Paul Koerner


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Definition of Network-Centric Warfare (NCW)

  • Why do we need it?

  • Previous Operations

  • Future of network centric battlefields

  • How military transports fit into the battlespace

  • Conclusion


What is ncw l.jpg
What is NCW?

  • Network-Centric Warfare

  • Commonly called Network-Centric Operations (NCO)

  • An emerging theory of war in the Information Age

  • Using information to gain competitive edge

  • A networked force performing network-centric operations

  • Networked force for information sharing

  • Increased situational awareness

  • Enhanced speed of command

  • Networking sensors, decision makers, and shooters


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Defining the Battlespace

Bad Guys

Good Guys

Sensors to collect:

  • Navigation Systems (GPS)

    • Transmit current position & receive relevant position info on others

  • Embedded sensors

    • Status on fuel, ammo remaining

    • Vehicle loading and use (maintenance)

  • Weather sensors

    • Environment

  • Intelligence

  • Surveillance

  • Reconnaissance


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Global Information Grid (GIG)

“Will provide the joint and coalition warfighter with a single, end-to-end information system capability… allowing users to access shared data and applications regardless of location, and is supported by a robust network/information-centric infrastructure.”

  • Integrated

  • Interoperable

    • Between platforms

    • Joint operations

    • Coalition forces

  • World wide network

  • Secure

  • Owned and leased

  • Operating locations: bases, posts, camps, stations, facilities, mobile platforms, and deployed sites

Supports all DoD, national security, and related intelligence community missions and functions (strategic, operational, tactical, and business), in war and in peace.


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Why do we need it?

  • DoD initiative that draws upon the work of many military strategists and policy theorists

  • Changing battlespace

    • Urban warfare

    • 50% of the world’s population now live in cities

    • Fastest urban growth occurs in developing countries where conflicts are likely to occur

    • Lessons learned from Iraq and Afghanistan

    • Need for targeting, precision, and situational awareness


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Previous Operations

  • Platform-centric operations

    • Voice Communication

    • No Data Communication

    • Nothing Integrated


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Future of NCO

  • Army: Future Combat Systems

  • Navy: ForceNet

  • Air Force: ConstellationNet

  • Improved communications systems

    • T-Sat

    • Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS)


Future combat systems l.jpg
Future Combat Systems

Building Blocks

  • System-of-Systems Common Operating Environment (SOSCOE)

    • Standards based architecture and administrative applications

  • Battle Command (BC) software

    • Mission planning, understanding, execution

  • Communication and Computers (CC)

    • Dissemination of information from sensors, processors, warfighters

  • Intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR) systems

    • Situational awareness, enhance survivability, precision networked fires, maintain contact throughout engagement


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Future Combat Systems

Fielded by 2014. Cost estimate: $300 billion

  • UGS

    • Perimeter defense, surveillance, target acquisition, chemical, bio, radiological nuclear early warning

  • NLOS-LS

    • Self contained tactical firing with 15 loitering attack or precision attack missiles

  • Class I UAV

    • Controlled by dismounted soldiers provides recon, surveillance, target acquisition. (weighs less than 15lbs).

  • MULE

    • Multifuntional Utility/Logistics Equipment vehicle, autonomous. Can be either: assault, transport, mine detector vehicle.

The Soldier

Class I UAV

UGS

MULE

NLOS-C

NLOS-LS


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JTRS

A waveform is the entire set of radio and/or communications functions that occur from the user input to the radio frequency output and vice versa. There are 9 JTRS waveforms:

  • Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW)

  • Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW)

  • Joint Airborne Networking–Tactical Edge (JAN-TE)

  • Mobile User Objective System (MUOS)

  • SINCGARS

  • Link-16

  • EPLRS

  • High Frequency (HF)

  • UHF SATCOM

    Cost per Unit: $10,000 to $270,000


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T-Sat

Transformational Satellite Communications System

  • The space element of the GIG

  • 5 highly advanced communications in geosynchronous orbit

  • Will provide both laser and radio com

  • Crosslinked with other space platforms, airborne, land-based, and sea-based platforms

  • Demand for satcom bandwidth to support military ops has increased from 100Mbps (Gulf War) to 3,200Mbps (Iraq)

  • First launch planned for 2013-2015 time frame

Fact: A visual image from a UAV that would take 2 minutes to process with the Milstar II satellite system would take less than a second with TSAT


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Combat Track II

Electronic Flight Bag

Performance Calculations

Electronic Documents/Charts

Maximize Safety

Advanced Wireless Open Data System

Current C-17 Network


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Concluding remarks

  • Information superiority

  • See first, understand first, act first, and finish decisively

  • Smaller, lighter, more mobile force with more firepower

  • Interoperable between platforms and forces

  • Ambitious undertaking


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References

  • http://www.rockwellcollins.com/news/gallery/gov/communications/page2993.html

  • http://enterprise.spawar.navy.mil/body.cfm?type=c&category=27&subcat=80

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network-centric_warfare

  • http://www.dodccrp.org/publications/pdf/Alberts_NCW.pdf

  • http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/2005/04/lockheed-gets-another-417m-for-tsat/index.php

  • http://www.mitre.org/news/the_edge/july_01/miller.html

  • http://www.defensetech.org/archives/cat_space.html

  • http://www.army.mil/fcs/index.html

  • Canan, James W. “The T-Sat Edge.” Aerospace America. Jan. 2006. 39-43.

  • http://www.dodccrp.org/publications/pdf/Alberts_NCW.pdf

  • http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/02spring/murdock.htm

  • http://www.oft.osd.mil/library/library_files/document_387_NCW_Book_LowRes.pdf

  • http://www.defensetech.org/archives/cat_fcs_watch.html



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