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LeMay, Korea, and the ICBMs. Overview. General Curtis LeMay Korean Conflict US Intervention Air Power Results ICBMs Development Cuban Missile Crisis. “I don’t mind being called tough, since I find in this racket it’s the tough guys who lead the survivors.”.

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LeMay, Korea, and the ICBMs

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LeMay, Korea, and

the ICBMs


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Overview

  • General Curtis LeMay

  • Korean Conflict

    • US Intervention

    • Air Power

    • Results

  • ICBMs

    • Development

    • Cuban Missile Crisis


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“I don’t mind being called tough, since I find in this racket it’s the tough guys who lead the survivors.”

Colonel Curtis E. LeMay, USA:

to Lieutenant General Ira Eaker in England in 1943


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General Curtis LeMay

  • Navigator on B-17 as Lt in early airpower demonstration with ocean liner “Rex” in 1938

  • Commanded units in Berlin Airlift

  • Commander in Chief, Strategic Air Command (CINCSAC)

  • Air Force Chief of Staff


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LeMay’s Impact on the Air Force

  • More realistic training programs

  • Bottom line - Discipline

  • Procured personnel and aircraft

  • Bombers became airborne nuclear alert

  • Nuclear deterrence became a reality


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VIDEO


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Korean Conflict

  • National Security Council (NSC) directive 68 called for massive increase in defense spending to contain communism

  • Korea was the first test of American resolve


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Beginning of Korean Conflict

  • 25 June 1950 North Korea launches a surprise attack invading South Korea

  • Congress approved use of force to repel North Korean invasion (no formal declaration of war)

  • UN Security Council authorizes aid (Gen Douglas McArthur named Commander)


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Korean Conflict

  • UN forces saved at Pusan Perimeter by around the clock bombing & interdiction

  • McArthur launches surprise amphibious assault at Inchon

  • UN forces drive North Koreans back across 38th parallel and attempt to unify the country

  • China enters pushing the UN forces back


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VIDEO


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Air Power in Korean Conflict

  • First use of jet fighters on both sides

  • MiG-15 outperforms F-80

  • MiG-15 retreats back to bases in China

  • Airspace south of Yalu known as “MiG Alley”

  • F-86 Sabre proves superior to the MiG-15

    • Kill ratio of 10-to-1


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VIDEO


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Results of Korean Conflict

  • Counterland

    • Interdiction

    • Close-Air Support


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Deterrence and Missile Development

  • Snark

  • Atlas, Titan

  • Minuteman becomes the mainstay of SAC’s missile retaliatory force

  • NORAD established in 1957

  • Single Integrated Operational Plan for using nuclear weapons (SIOP)


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Cuban Missile Crisis

  • U-2 Reconnaissance plane details Soviet missile launchers in Cuba

  • Missile force placed on alert status

  • President Kennedy chooses option of naval quarantine

  • Soviet Union backs down

  • “Flexible Response” doctrine evolves


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Summary

  • General Curtis LeMay

  • Korean Conflict

    • US Intervention

    • Air Power

    • Results

  • ICBMs

    • Development

    • Cuban Missile Crisis


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