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IROQUOIS INDIANS. Teaching American History. Inez Cutler. H0W DID NATIVE AMERICANS COME TO THE FOREST? . WHAT DO YOU KNOW? WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW? WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED? Click On the media clip to preview this video. Iroquois Population. Iroquois Indians- LOCATION.

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IROQUOIS INDIANS

Teaching American History

Inez Cutler


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H0W DID NATIVE AMERICANS COME TO THE FOREST?

  • WHAT DO YOU KNOW?

  • WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW?

  • WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED?

  • Click On the media clip to preview this video.



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Iroquois Indians- LOCATION

  • Archeological evidence indicates the Iroquois lived in upstate New York before the Europeans arrived.

  • The Onondaga were the first of the Iroquois tribes that can be positively identified in New York.

  • This seem to have begun after the merger of two villages sometime between 1450 and 1475.



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Who are the Iroquois?

  • The Iroquois people were named by their enemies. They were given the name (Irinakhoiw) meaning “rattlesnakes”. Later changing to the Iroquois.

  • The largest make up of the Iroquois people was the Mohawks. The Mohawks totaled to more than 35,000 members.


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Who are the Iroquois (cont’d)

  • The Iroquois women were a major part of the Indian culture. The Iroquois tribes were divided into three clans, the bear, turtle, and the wolf. These tribes were all headed by a clan mother.


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Iroquois – CULTURE

  • The Iroquois people custom was to follow the woman heritage line to determine kinship.

  • This is where family social structure is determined by the mothers’ family line. Women also owned all property.


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Iroquois – CULTURE (cont’d)

  • Agriculture provided most of their diet: corn, beans, squash, and fish. They worshiped and celebrated the importance of the agriculture in their culture by their six annual festivals to celebrate their harvest.


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Shelter

  • When the Iroquois people married, the husband moved into the long house with the wife, and the children became part of her clan.


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The Longhouse

  • IT IS A LONG WOODEN BUILDING IN WHICH SEVERAL IROQUOIS FAMILIES LIVE TOGETHER.

  • IT WAS MADE OF ELM BARK AND HAD A LARGE DOOR AT EACH END.


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Inside the Longhouse

  • The longhouse could be over 200’ in length. It could house many people.

  • Inside the longhouse the Ir0quois kept all of the necessities for their clan.

  • These villages were very stable, unless interrupted and moved for defense purposes.


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LEGENDS AND STORIES

  • THE IROQUOIS OFTEN USED LEGENDS OR STORIES HANDED DOWN OVER TIME, TO EXPLAIN THE PAST.

IROQUOISMYTHS and LEGENDS

http://www.webwinds.com/yupanqui/iroquoisdreams3.htm


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Dekanawida’s Legend “PEACE AND UNITY”

  • THE IROQUOIS MUST COME TOGETHER BY TAKING HOLD OF EACH OTHER’S HANDS SO FIRMLY AND FORMING A CIRCLE SO STRONG THAT IF A TREE SHOULD FALL UPON IT, IT COULD NOT SHAKE NOT BREAK IT, SO THAT OUR PEOPLE AND GRANDCHILDREN SHALL REMAIN IN THE CIRCLE IN SECURITY, PEACE, AND HAPPINESS.


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Iroquois League

  • MEN FROM EACH OF THE FIVE TRIBES SERVED ON THE GREAT COUNCIL.

  • THE OLDEST WOMEN OF EACH TRIBE CHOSE THE COUNCIL MEMBERS.

  • EACH MEMBER HAD ONE VOTE.

  • ALL HAD TO AGREE BEFORE ANYTHING WAS DONE.


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IN 1570 THE MEMBERS OF THE IROQUOIS FORMED A CONFEDERATION OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

EACH TRIBE GOVERNED ITSELF.

MATTERS THAT WERE IMPORTANT TO ALL, SUCH AS WAR AND TRADE WERE DECIDE BY A GREAT COUNCIL.

The Five Nations


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The Iroquois Flag and the Hiawatha Wampum Belt OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

  • The Hiawatha wampum belt is comprised of thirty eight rows.

  • A heart as a great tree is located in the center.

  • On both sides of the tree there are two squares, all are connected with the heart by white rows of wampum.

  • The belt is the emblem of unity among the Five Nations.


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United We Stand Divided We FALL OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

  • The most important part

    of the Iroquois people

    was their ability to be united.

  • This is how the Iroquois won many battles against other tribes as well as outside forces.


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LAW of the LAND OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

  • The Iroquois were only required to maintain peace with one another.

  • The primary law of the land was called the Kainerekowa- which eloquently stated….

    Iroquois

    “SHOULD NOT KILL ONE ANOTHER!”


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Working OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

  • The Iroquois people were no strangers to hard work.

  • They were hired to help during the construction of the Dominion Bridge in Montreal, and they showed no fear of heights.

  • They have continued to being part of the construction of almost every major bridge or skyscraper.


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References OR LOOSE GROUPS OF GOVERNMENTS.

  • http://www.totatsga.org/iro.html

  • Harcourt Brace (2000). Early united states.

  • http://www.watertown.k12.ma.us/americanhistorycentral/02indiansofnorthamerica/The_Iroquois.html#TXTANC20018126639310

  • http://www.sixnations.org/

  • http://romlx6.rom.on.ca/digs/longhouse/

  • http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/constructionone.html


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