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I. Introduction The Environment of International Business Patterns of U.S. - World Trade Recent Growth for the U.S. The Top 10 U.S. Global Markets The Nationality of the World’s Largest Industrial Corporation Introduction Major Participants in Global Trade: The Triangle

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I. Introduction

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I. Introduction

  • The Environment of International Business

    • Patterns of U.S. - World Trade

      • Recent Growth for the U.S.

      • The Top 10 U.S. Global Markets

      • The Nationality of the World’s Largest Industrial Corporation


Introduction

  • Major Participants in Global Trade: The Triangle

    • The European Community

    • North America (NAFTA)

    • Asia Pacific


Introduction

“By 2015, we will live in an intensely customer-centric market dominated by global mega banks and densely populated by specialist financial services providers. Fierce competition, global regulation and technology will reshape bank and non-bank structures”

  • Mark Greene, Banking 2015, IBM Study Nov 2005


Drivers of Change in Banking


The Nationality of the World’s Largest Corporations

  • CountryNumber of Firms

    • United States32

    • Japan23

    • Germany14

    • France 6

    • Britain 4

    • Italy 4


Top 10 Countries for U.S. Exports (2005)

Canada ... US$211.9 billion (up 31.7% from 2002)

Mexico ... $120.4 billion (up 23.5%)

Japan ... $55.5 billion (up 7.8%)

China ... $41.9 billion (up 89.6%)

United Kingdom ...$38.6 billion (up 16.3%)

Germany ... $34.2 billion (up 28.6%)

South Korea ... $27.8 billion (up 23%)

Netherlands ... $26.5 billion (up 44.8%)

France ... $22.4 billion (up 17.9%)

Taiwan ... $22.1 billion (up 20.1%)


Top 10 Countries U.S. Imports (2005)

Canada ... US$290.4 billion (up 38.9% from 2002)

China ... $243.5 billion (up 94.5%)

Mexico ... $170.1 billion (up 26.4%)

Japan ... $138 billion (up 13.7%)

Germany ...$84.8 billion (up 35.7%)

United Kingdom ... $51 billion (up 25.3%)

South Korea ... $43.8 billion (up 23%)

Taiwan ... $34.8 billion (up 8.4%)

Venezuela ... $34 billion (up 125.2%)

France ... $33.8 billion (up 19.9%)


TOP TEN U.S. MARKETS

  • Canada, China, Japan and Mexico supplied more than half of U.S. imports in 2005.

  • Oil-producer Venezuela showed the highest percentage gain in its exports to the U.S.

  • However, China's exports to the U.S. almost doubled since 2002, and account for a much higher share of world exports to the U.S. when compared to the smaller number for Venezuelan exports


US Trade Trends

The top 4 nations in the following list were responsible for 54% of America's total trade deficit in 2005.

Trade deficit = Exports - Imports


Top 10 Countries Contributing to U.S. Trade Deficit (2005)

China ... -$201.5 billion (up 95.4% from 2002)

Japan ... -$82.5 billion (up 17.9%)

Canada ... -$78.5 billion (up 62.9%)

Germany ... -$50.6 billion (up 40.9%)

Mexico ... -$49.7 billion (up 33.6%)

Venezuela ... -$27.6 billion (up 157.9%)

Malaysia ... -$23.2 billion (up 69.3%)

Nigeria ... -$22.6 billion (up 361.2%)

Saudi Arabia ... -$20.4 billion (up 142.9%)

Italy ... -$19.5 billion (up 37.3%)


US Trade Trends 2007

The total value of U.S. exported goods to the rest of the world:

  • US$1.16 trillion

  • A 12.2% gain since 2006

  • rate that exceeds the 5.4% gain in overall American imports for the same period


Fastest-Growing U.S. Exports

American exports that experienced the highest percentage gains in 2007:

  • Business machines excluding computers ... US$5.4 billion (up 99.6% from 2006, up 179.8% from 2003)

  • Wheat: $8.5 billion (up 99%, up 111.6%)

  • Sorghum, barley and oats: $1.2 billion (up 74.7%, up 82.4%)

  • Dairy products and eggs: 2.5 billion (up 64.2%, up 229.1%)

  • Oilseeds and food oils: $2 billion (up 53.1%, up 43.4%)

  • Nonmonetary gold: $13.3 billion (up 51.7%, up 178.2%)


US Trade Trends

The list for the fastest-growing exports from the United States 2007

  • Business machines

  • wheat

  • barley

  • oats


US Trade Trends

Fastest-declining exports from the U.S.

  • blank audio and video media

  • metalworking machine tools

  • computer accessories

  • manufactured tobacco


America’s leading Exports in 2007.

Top 6 U.S. Exports

Semiconductors: US$50.2 billion (4.3% of US total Exports, down 4.3% from 2006)

Complete civilian aircraft: $48.8 billion (4.2%, up 19.6%)

Automotive parts/accessories: $44.2 billion (3.8%, up 2%)

New/used passenger cars: $43.7 billion (3.8%, up 28.6%)

Other industrial machines: $38.3 billion (3.3%, up 17.1%)

Pharmaceutical preparations: $35 billion (3%, up 13.2%)


Fastest-Declining U.S. Exports

American product categories for exports with the greatest percentage declines last year.

  • Audio and video media ... US$584.3 million (down 67.5% from 2006, down 56.6% from 2003)

  • Metalworking machine tools ... $6.7 billion (down 29.3%, down 27.8%)

  • Computer accessories ... $29.4 billion (down 18.7%, down 6.1%)

  • Manufactured tobacco ... $1.2 billion (down 15.1%, down 38.5%)

  • Complete military aircraft ... $4 billion (down 10.5%, up 85%)

  • Textile apparel and household goods ... $4.7 billion (down 9.3%, down 20.5%)


“Waiting in the Wings”

  • Big Emerging Markets

    • Brazil- China

    • Mexico- Indonesia

    • Poland- South Africa

    • Argentina- India


TRADE WEBSITES

http://www.tradeport.org/

http://www.buyusainfo.net/


By Next Class Your Group Knows:

  • Who the members are (emails, cell, etc)

  • Country to export or import from

  • Three potential products the group will trade

  • Group contribution to relevant websites


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