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ICC was created in 1919 by a handful of entrepreneurs to: promote cross-border trade and investment and the multilateral trading system represent business all over the world. ICC’s mission. ICC has hundreds of thousands of members in 130 countries:

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icc s mission
ICC was created in 1919 by a handful of entrepreneurs to:

promote cross-border trade and investment and the multilateral trading system

represent business all over the world

ICC’s mission
icc members
ICC has hundreds of thousands of members in 130 countries:

Companies Of all sizes and from all sectors

Chambers of commerceRegional, national and local

Business associations National and sectoral

and worldwide offices in over 90 countries

ICC members
icc member companies
ICC member companies

Examples of some well-known ICC members from different sectors:

7

why global networks
Networks essential in any business to gain information, knowledge, contacts and trust

Even small businesses look to export markets: global networks can help

Improved communications make information on markets and opportunities more easily available

Networks being increasingly used in business as basis for marketing, innovation, new business models

Why global networks?
global networks
Global networks can help on two levels

Create tools and frameworks to support market access

Business opportunities and development for individual businesses

Global networks can help build trust

Global networks
tools and frameworks
What tools and frameworks have been created by global business networks to support market access?

International trade transactions

Customs facilitation

Dispute resolution

Policy frameworks

Tools and frameworks
international trade transactions 1
Incoterms (International Commercial Terms)

Standard trade definitions most commonly used in international sales contracts e g . EXW (Ex works), FOB (Free on Board), CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight), DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid), and CPT (Carriage Paid To)

Devised by ICC using network of trade specialists and interested parties

Since 1936, updated six times to keep pace with the development of international trade. Current version: Incoterms 2000 (being revised).

International trade transactions (1)
international trade transactions 2
Model contracts and clauses

Developed by ICC network of lawyers and experts

worldwide

Neutral framework for international contracts : even-handed agreement acceptable to both sides ; no bias for any one particular legal system

Examples: Global sourcing ; Commercial Agency;  Confidentiality; Distributorship; Franchising; Mergers and Acquisitions;International Sales; Share Purchase; Intermediaries Selective Distributorship; Electronic Contracting; Trademark Licence; Technology Transfer; Subcontracting

International trade transactions (2)
international trade transactions 3
Rules for documentary credits

Letters of credit used in international trade

transactions to ensure payment and contract performance

ICC through network of trade finance specialists has issued standardized rules Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits

Regular revisions by ICC: current version is UCP600

International trade transactions (3)
customs facilitation 1
ATA Carnet

International customs document

Permits duty-free and tax-free temporary import of goods for up to one year.

Covers commercial samples, professional equipment, goods for presentation or use at trade fairs, exhibitions

Network of customs authorities and national issuing organizations coordinated by ICC-WCF

Customs facilitation (1)
customs facilitation 2
Certificate of Origin (CO)

Attests that goods in a particular export

shipment are wholly obtained or produced or manufactured or processed in a particular country (country of origin).

Important to determine what duty will be assessed on the goods or whether goods may be legally imported.

Issued by network of chambers of commerce and trade associations

ICC World Chambers Federation International Certificate of Origin Guidelines : first international procedures and guidelines manual

Customs facilitation (2)
dispute resolution
Contracts essential basis for business transactions: need to forsee resolution of disputes

In 1921, ICC network of businesses realized need to create alternative dispute settlement procedures for businesses trading internationally

ICC dispute settlement services : trusted system created by a business network for businesses

Mediation, arbitration, conciliation

Dispute resolution
policy framework
Businesses work within framework of

national, regional and international rules

Rules have important effects on business and market access eg trade, investment,intellectual property, tax, competition, environment, customs, transport, marketing, e-business

Networks of businesses work with governments to help shape these rules: ICC (international/multisectoral eg UN, WTO etc); chambers of commerce and trade/professional associations (sector specific issues and national/regional level)

Policy framework
business opportunities and development
How can global networks help

create business opportunities ?

develop individual businesses ?

Business opportunities and development
world chambers congress
Takes place every 2 years in a different region of the world: Kuala Lumpur, 3-5 June 2010

Brings together nearly 2000 chamber and

business representatives from over 100 countries

Excellent networking platform and exhibition space

Focus on role of women in business

and intellectual property

World Chambers Congress

Leading sustainable

growth and change

electronic marketplaces info exchange
Internet = new opportunities for information exchange and contacts BUT problem of trust.

World Chambers Network website platform for exchange of business information between chambers and their member companies worldwide

The Global Business Exchange (GBX) – business opportunities from member chambers worldwide on easy-to-search online database.

Partnership with Openentry – market access for SMEs.

International trade information - country reports, trade and customs information, etc. produced by chambers of commerce, and available online.

Electronic marketplaces/info exchange
chambers ip programmes
Many chambers and business organisations offer IP support programmes for businesses

ICC IP tool-kit for chambers – listing of types of IP support offered by different chambers around the world

Helps businesses identify

chambers that can help them

Helps chambers set up their own initiatives

Chambers IP programmes
counterfeiting and piracy
ICC BASCAP initiative provides platform to connect and mobilize businesses across industries, sectors and national borders in the fight against counterfeiting and piracy.

Website rich source of information

IP guidelines for business:

what businesses can do to protect their own creativity and innovation and lower the risk of using counterfeit materials or infringing other companies’ IP rights

BASCAP supports local groups and initiatives in different countries

Counterfeiting and piracy
business professional associations
Networks of people

Trust building

Information exchange

Learn from each others’ experiences

Force for change

Business/professional associations
for more information
Thank you for your attention

Daphne Yong-d’Hervé

[email protected]

ICC : www.iccwbo.org

World Chambers Federation: http://www.iccwbo.org/wcf/id8856/index.html

Commission on Intellectual Property: http://www.iccwbo.org/policy/ip/id3060/index.html

For more information
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