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HR Planning. HR Planning. What is HR Planning?. Why is it rarely done?. What is the connection between a firm’s strategic orientation and HR planning?. Organizational Life-Cycle Stages and HR Activities. Organizational Life-Cycle Stages and HR Activities (cont’d).

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Hr planning1
HR Planning

  • What is HR Planning?

  • Why is it rarely done?

  • What is the connection between a firm’s strategic orientation and HR planning?




How does hr planning occur
How does HR Planning occur? (cont’d)

1. What does the environment look like?

2. What are our future personnel needs?

(forecast demand)

a. Judgmental

  • Estimates

  • Rule of Thumb

  • Delphi Technique

  • NGT

  • Brainstorming


The nominal group technique
The Nominal Group Technique (cont’d)

A small group of 4-5 people gathers around a table. Leader identifies judgment issue and gives participants procedural instructions.

Participants write down all ideas that occur to them, keeping their lists private at this point. Creativity is encouraged during this phase.

Leader asks each participant to present ideas and writes them on a blackboard or flipchart, continuing until all ideas have been recorded.

Participants discuss each other’s ideas, clarifying, expanding, and evaluating them as a group.

Participants rank ideas privately in their own personal order and preference.

The idea that ranks highest among the participants is adopted as the group’s judgment.


The delphi technique
The Delphi Technique (cont’d)

Leader identifies judgment issues and develops questionnaire.

Prospective participants are identified and asked to cooperate.

Leaders send questionnaire to willing participants, who record their judgments and recommendations and return the questionnaire.

Leaders compiles summaries and reproduces participants’ responses.

Leader sends the compiled list of judgment to all participants.

Participants comment on each other’s ideas and propose a final judgment.

Leader looks

for consensus

Leader accepts consensus judgment as group’s choice.


How does hr planning occur1
How does HR Planning occur? (cont’d)

1. What does the environment look like?

2. What are our future personnel needs?

(forecast demand)

b. Statistical

  • Regression


Statistical techniques used to project staffing demand needs
Statistical Techniques Used to Project Staffing Demand Needs (cont’d)

Name

Regression analysis

Productivity ratios

Description

Past levels of various work load indicators, such as sales, production levels, and value added, are examined for statistical relationships with staffing levels. Where sufficiently strong relationships are found, a regression (or multiple regression) model is derived. Forecasted levels of the retained indicator(s) are entered into the resulting model and used to calculate the associated level of human resource requirements.

Historical data are used to examine past levels of a productivity index (P):

P = Work load / Number of People

Where constant, or systematic, relationships are found, human resource requirements can be computed by diving predicted work loads by P.


Statistical techniques used to project staffing demand needs cont d
Statistical Techniques Used to Project Staffing Demand Needs (cont’d)

Name

Personnel ratios

Time series analysis

Description

Past personnel data are examined to determine historical relationships among the employees in various jobs or job categories. Regression analysis or productivity ratios are then used to project either total or key-group human resource requirements, and personnel ratios are used to allocated total requirements to various job categories or to estimate for non-key groups.Past staffing levels (instead of work load indicators) are used to project future human resource requirements. Past staffing levels are examined to isolate and cyclical variation, long-tem terms, and random movement. Long-term trends are then extrapolated or projected using a moving average, exponential smoothing, or regression technique.


Regression analysis
Regression Analysis (cont’d)

1. Statically identify historical predictor of workforce size Example: FTEs = a + b1 sales + b2 new customers

2. Only use equations with predictors found to be statistically significant

3. Predict future HR requirements, using equation

Example: (a) FTEs = 7 + .0004 sales + .02 new customers

(b) Projected sales = $1,000,000 Projected new customers = 300

(c) HR requirements = 7 + 400 + 6 = 413



How does hr planning occur2
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

2. What are our future personnel needs? (demand forecast cont.)

b. Statistical (cont.)

  • Ratio analysis


How does hr planning occur3
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

3. Are resources available – internally or externally – to fill those needs?

a. Internal

  • Replacement charts



How does hr planning occur4
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

3. Are resources available – internally or externally – to fill those needs?

a. Internal

  • Replacement charts

  • Promotability


How does hr planning occur5
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

3. Are resources available – internally or externally – to fill those needs?

a. Internal

  • Replacement charts

  • Promotability

  • Succession planning

  • Skills inventory

  • Transition (Markov) matrix


A sample transition matrix
A Sample Transition Matrix Number of Nurses

Part A: Personnel Supply Estimated Personnel Classification in Year T + 1 (%)

Classifications in Year T P M S Sr A Exit

Partner .70 .30Manager .10 .80 .10Supervisor .12 .60 .28Senior .20 .55 .25Accountant .15 .65 .20

Part B. Staffing Levels Estimated Personnel Availabilities in Year T + 1 (%)

Beginning

Classifications in Year T Levels P M S Sr A Exit

Partner 10 7 3Manager 30 3 24 3Supervisor 50 6 30 14Senior 100 20 55 25Accountant 20030 130 40

10 30 50 85 130


How does hr planning occur6
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

3. Are resources available – internally or externally – to fill those needs?

b. External – what do you look at?

- try to determine availability of qualified labor; Surplus? Shortage?


How does hr planning occur7
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

4. What should we do?

- create plan of action to reconcile supply and demand

a. Set objectives

b. Generate alternatives


Staffing alternatives to deal with employee surpluses
Staffing Alternatives to Deal with Employee Surpluses Number of Nurses

Source: Compliments of Dan Ward, GTE Corporation


Staffing alternatives to deal with employee shortages
Staffing Alternatives to Deal with Employee Shortages Number of Nurses

Source: Compliments of Dan Ward, GTE Corporation


How does hr planning occur8
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

4. What should we do?

- create plan of action to reconcile supply and demand

a. Set objectives

b. Generate alternatives

c. Assess alternatives


Alternative scheduling options
Alternative Scheduling Options Number of Nurses

Percent Using(N = 427 companies)

Alternative

The following definitions were used in this survey for alternative scheduling strategies:

  • Part-time: A regular employee who works fewer than 35 hours per week.

  • Flextime: A system than enables employees to vary their schedules: Usually, the flexibility applies to starting and finishing times.

  • Compressed workweek: A full-week schedule (usually 40 hours) than occurs in fewer than five days, such as four 10-hour days.

  • Job sharing: Two or more employees split a full-time position, diving the responsibilities, and, to some degree, the compensation.

  • Work-at-home: A program that enables employees to complete work at home (or at a remote office closer to home) on a regular basis. It is often referred to as “flexplace” or “telecommuting.”

84%40%

23%

18%

13%


How does hr planning occur9
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

4. What should we do?

- create plan of action to reconcile supply and demand

a. Set objectives

b. Generate alternatives

c. Assess alternatives

d. Choose alternative – KEEP PHILOSOPHY IN MIND


How does hr planning occur10
How does HR Planning occur? Number of Nurses

5. How did we do?

a. Did company avoid surplus/shortage?

b. Evaluate usefulness of methods used

c. Goals v. Production Levels, etc.


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