Executive Control Function

Executive Control Function PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Executive Control Function

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1. Executive Control Function Overview & Implications for Travel Training When Clients Have Impairments

3. What is “executive control function? Also called executive control or executive function Initiating and planning Monitoring & following through Problem solving unexpected changes Metacognition

4. What travel trainers see Apathy Impulsivity Poor judgment Distractibility Can’t gauge task difficulty Don’t know how well/badly things are going Rigidity

5. Example: “Bill” Knowing “how” doesn’t = being successful

6. Prevalence: Mental Illness Not a diagnosis in itself Virtually all mental illness in DSM Schizophrenia Bi-Polar Disorder Depression Anxiety Disorders

7. Prevalence: Developmental Developmental disabilities Downs Syndrome Mental Retardation Autistic Disorder Asperger’s Disorder Attention Deficit / Disruptive Behavior Disorders

8. Prevalence: Aging Early Alzheimers Older “well adult”

9. Prevalence: Neurological Physical illnesses like Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, TBI, ALS History of alcohol abuse Stroke

10. Brain anatomy Frontal lobe Cortex Neural pathways

11. Information Processing Executive Function or Metacognition

12. Three Key Elements in Travel Training Characteristics of the trainee Characteristics of the task (route) Characteristics of the environment

13. ECF Strategies Learn trainee’s preferred ways of doing things Determine best time of day for training Reinforce / identify motivation Identify destination(s)

14. ECF Strategies cont. Express your belief in trainee’s ability Make modifications Allow trainees to learn from their mistakes Strategize how to sustain attention to details

15. ECF Strategies cont. Self monitoring by trainee Verbalize what the trip will look like before training session Summarize what they did on the trip after training session

16. ECF Strategies cont. Ask trainee to verbalize how easy or difficult they think the trip will be, or was Limit the number of problem solving options Educate family and care providers

17. ECF Strategies cont. Take into account the role of stress and anxiety Acknowledge / celebrate accomplishments Make references to the next training session

18. ECF Strategies cont. Understand mood changes Be aware of your own attitudes towards trainee Understand features of their disability

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