Chinese diaspora
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Chinese Diaspora. History Canadian Chinese The Concubine’s Children ( Double Happiness) ( Happy Together ). Chinese Diaspora: History. Traditional Chinese emigrants since 16th C Three kinds: Indentured workers, Free Artisans, Traders.

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Chinese Diaspora

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Chinese diaspora

Chinese Diaspora

  • History

  • Canadian Chinese

  • The Concubine’s Children

  • (Double Happiness)

  • (Happy Together)


Chinese diaspora history

Chinese Diaspora: History

  • Traditional Chinese emigrants since 16th C

  • Three kinds: Indentured workers, Free Artisans, Traders.

  • Areas: South-East Asia, Hawaii, North America , the Caribbean, South America (Mexico, Peru)

  • 華僑、中華民族之花果飄零、華裔


Chinese canadian history

Chinese-Canadian : History

  • free entry (1858-84)

    • 1880 and 1885railroad workers

  • restricted entry (1885-1923)

    • 1904 -- 500-dollar head tax

  • exclusion (1924-47)

  • selective entry, 1948 to present “liberation” of China 1949 p. 68-

  • recent Taiwanese, Hong Kongese and mainland Chinese immigrants

    Chinese diaspora & flexible citizenship


Traditional chinese diaspora characteristics

Traditional Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics

  • Adaptable, resilient,

  • a high level of family and clan solidarity; close-knit (monetal) relationships

  • invited by the “colonizers”

  • Sojourners -- “un-assimilable”? “quiet,” wicked (CC. p. 62)

    and “a human machine”

  • e.g. “a Chinaman’s chance”

  • the yellow peril phobia


Contemporary chinese diaspora characteristics

All over the world: hard to generalize and impossible to unite

discriminated against still for their hard-earned wealth

flexible citizenship

sense of dual or multiple identity

e.g. “Imperialism of Syntax”

Contemporary Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics


Canadian chinese during the exclusion period historical phenomena

Canadian Chinese during the Exclusion Period: Historical Phenomena

  • China Town as aBachelor Society

  • 1921 census--sex ratio

    • Vancouver 10/1(5,790 males and 585 females)

    • Ottawa 30/1 (273 males and 9 females)

    • Halifax 60/1 (138 males and 2 females)

  • Racism v.s. Solidarity (Tang), Opium and Mah-jong (CC p. 62)

  • Ways of Asserting Masculinity


Some photos

Some photos

head taxes--50 in 1886, 100 in 1900,

500 in 1903

1923- Chinese Exclusion Act


Some photos 2

Some photos (2)


The concubine s children

The Concubine’s Children

  • setting--

  • Vancouver‘s Chinatown (mah-jonng parlour and tea house),

  • Nanaimo’s,

  • Prince George &

  • Chang Gar Bin (廣東)


The concubine s children characters

The Concubine’s Children:characters

Chan Sam

Wife no. 0 &

2 daughters

Wife no. 1

Chow Guen

May-yin

Yuen

Ping & Nan

Leonard

(adopted)

Winnie

John Chong

Denise Cheong


The concubine s children chronology present 1987

1848 -- Chan Sam leaves his family

1922 -- arrives in North America p. 61

1924 -- May-ying’s arrival

1929 -- return to China p. 63

1930 -- back to Canada, Winnie’s birth

1935 -- second return

1940 -- Chow Guen (Nan died in 1942)

1948 -- Winnie left Chinatown

1987 -- Winnie’s trip

The Concubine’s Children: Chronology (present 1987)


The concubine s children issues 1

A family brokeninto two and linked together by the daughters trip back to China.

the image of the coat p. 59

the photo of the two girls

The Concubine’s Children:Issues (1)


The concubine s children issues 2 family relationships

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships

  • The Influences of Institutionalized Racism on Family Relationships

  • A. Gender -- Chan-Sam and May-Yin

    The Canton House (廣東酒家)

    in Nanaimo's Chinatown

    years after

    May-ying worked there


The concubine s children issues 2 family relationships1

their marriage: a hunting knife under his side of the mattress (63)

May-ying as a waitress (63)

May-ying as a Concubine (63)

Wife No. 1 -- p. 64: dutiful and submissive

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships


The concubine s children issues 2 family relationships2

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships

  • B. Parenting

  • Chan-Sam the house 65; p. 71


The concubine s children issues 2 family relationships3

B. Parenting

Chan-Sam

--being fatherly from afar (69; 71)

-- does not belong in Nanaimo, missing home 58-59

--sacrifice the famly in Canada for the sake of the family in China

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2)Family relationships


The concubine s children issues 2

May-ying --scary; strong woman "cutting and curling her hair to look older to conform to the illegally purchased birth certificate”(62); (p. 63)

The Concubine’s Children:Issues (2)


May ying

Dressing Winnie as a boy

p. 55

May-ying

Leave her husband 63; 65; 66


May ying1

claimed back the rites of love (67)

gamble her love on Chow Guen, get a son Leonard

about the death of Nan 68

Her later years (73-74)

May-ying


The concubine s children issues 3

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)

  • Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity

  • May-ying’s influence on Winnie

    • the family photo (p. 60)

    • Winnie neglected; Strictly disciplined 66-67 like a checked baggage, 68; dressed as a son 65

    • Winnie’s bruises, shame p. 67


The concubine s children issues 3 family and a daughter s sense of identity

Winnie's rebellion

diligent work at school;

decides to quit school and get married p. 69;

the grandfather’s money to buy a house 69

the father and then the mother live with them a while

final brokeup 70; 75

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity


The concubine s children issues 3 many kinds of family

The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3)Many kinds of family

May-ying & newborn Ping.

  • Paper daughter 69

  • Ping 77 --"I don't deserve this; I was not born here."

  • Winnie: no more shame (p. 61) immigration--liberation 77


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