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As it relates to U.S. History
As found in” A Brief History of Terrorism”
‘Regime de la terreur”
The word Terrorism was first used by Edmund Burke in response to the frenzied French
Over 40,000 people were executed in the “Reign of Terror”.
“Systematic use of violence, terror, and intimidation to achieve an end.”
Webster’s University Dictionary
“The calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to inculcate fear intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are geo-political, religious, or ideological.
U.S. Department of Defense
Boston Tea Party
Terrorism, according to Carlos Piscanes (is) used to
“deliver a message to an audience other than the target and draw attention and support to a _______.”
What cause were the terrorists of 9/11 trying to draw attention to?
Respond below to the best of your ability.
American military bases in the Holy Land
The U.S. support of the nation of Israel
American foreign policy in the Middle East
American economic policy in the Middle East
After the American Civil War (1861-65)
Defiant Southerners formed a terrorist organization called the KKK to intimidate supporters of Reconstruction.
WWI (July 1916)
New York harbor "erupted in one of the greatest military explosions to date.” German saboteurs has set off fire bombs on Black Tom Island.
Wall Street bombing (1920)
At noon a horse drawn wagon was pulled up in front of the financial center of the nation and 100 pounds of dynamite was exploded, killing 30 and injuring 300. Anarchists were suspected.
Capitol Hill shooting (1954)
Four Puerto Rican nationalists fired 30 rounds from the House visitors' gallery, wounding five lawmakers on the House floor.
Capitol Hill bombing (1983)
Radical students protesting U.S. military intervention on the Caribbean island of Grenada, exploded a bomb in our nation’s capitol. The blast damaged a conference room near the Senate chamber. No one was hurt or injured.
World Trade Center bombing (1993)
A car bomb was planted by Islamic terrorists in the underground garage below tower one. Unsuccessful.
Oklahoma City bombing (1995)
A U.S. govt. office in Oklahoma City was destroyed by a van bomb, killing 168 people, and injuring 800. Timothy McVeigh a militant ex-veteran was found responsible, along with Terry Nichols.
A series of coordinated attacks were launched against political and economic buildings of importance. Total casualties reached close to 3,000. Al-Queda and Osama bin Laden were linked to the attacks.
Using only the information contained in the slides above write down as many examples of terrorists as you can.
Using notes, previous knowledge, and the help of your group create a
that will allow you to determine if any given group is a terrorist.