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Workshop on European Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Aghios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece, September 7-8, 2007 . members of the Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Working Group. DOBES Jan   ( [email protected] ) Nuclear Physics Institute, Rez , Czech Republic

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Workshop onEuropean Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Aghios Nikolaos, Crete, Greece, September 7-8, 2007


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members of the Small-Scale Accelerator Facilities Working Group

DOBES Jan   ([email protected])NuclearPhysics Institute, Rez, CzechRepublic

HAAS Bernard (chair)   ([email protected]) Centre d’Etudes Nucléaires Bordeaux-Gradignan, France

HARISSOPULOS Sotirios   ([email protected]) Institute of NuclearPhysics, National Centre for ScientificResearch "Demokritos",Athens, Greece

LEEB Helmut   ([email protected]) TU Wien, Atominstitut / Kernphysik, Wien, Austria

STYCZEN Jan   ([email protected]) The HenrykNiedwonidczanski Institute of NuclearPhysics, PolishAcademy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland

ZAMFIR Nicolae-Victor   ([email protected]) National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania


Small scale facilities in europe not included in the large scale facilitity network l.jpg

Belgium: 1 IKS KU Leuven Group

Croatia 2 Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb

Czech Republic: 2 Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. Rez

Germany 5 RUBION Bochum, HISKP Uni. Bonn, IKP Technische Univ. Darmstadt, MLL Garching, IKP Univ. Köln

Greece 1 Demokritos Athens

France: 2 IPN Orsay and CEN Bordeaux

Hungary: 2 Inst. Nucl. Research Debrecen

Italy: 3 LNS Catania, LNGS Assergi, LABEC Firenze

Poland: 2 INP Cracow and HIL Warsaw Univ.

Portugal 1 ITN Lisbon

Romania: 1 CRAI Bucharest

Spain: 2 CNAM Madrid and CNA Seville

Switzerland 1 ETH Zürich

TOTAL 25

Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE(not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network)

http://www.nupecc.org


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Heavy Ion Laboratory GroupWARSAW University

  • K=160 heavy ion cyclotron

  • which provides beams of gaseous elements and elements available from gaseous compounds

  • (boron to argon) - energies 2 to 10 MeV/A - intensities up to a few hundreds pnA

  • - Commissioned 1994, beam time available 3000h/year

  • Accessible apparatus: - large scattering chamber

  • - IGISOL on-line separator

  • - pin diode particle array

  • - large NaI(Tl) crystal segmented in 32 elements

  • - anti Compton shielded Ge detectors

  • - 4π Si ball

  • - 4π BGO gamma multiplicity filter

  • - Ge compton polarimeter

  • NEW: ICARE from Strasbourg

  • National and international collaborations

  • PAC

  • Main fields: - nuclear physics

  • - solid state

  • - biology

  • - applications studies


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Institute für Kernphysik, Univ. GroupKÖLN

  • 10 MV FN tandem accelerator producing light and heavy ions up to Z=30. Typical beam currents 10-100 nA. Pulsed beam available 2.5 ns

  • No PAC

  • Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments:

  • Ge array with beta decay slider for activation measurements, plunger for lifetime measurements, double orange conversion spectrometer, PIXE installation with beam sweaper, multipurpose scattering chamber, particle- gamma coincidence set up.

  • Main fields of nuclear research:

  • Nuclear structure

  • Sub-Coulomb barrier reactions

  • Main fields of other research

  • Applied physics using PIXE with mm resolution

  • Radiation effects in solids via material modification and ion implantation.


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Programme Group

  • Nuclear physics (convener V. Zamfir)

    Friday morning

  • Nuclear astrophysics (convener S. Harissopulos)

    Friday afternoon

  • Microprobes for various topics(convener Ph. Moretto)

    Saturday morning

3 common domains proposed to be covered:


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Belgium: 1 IKS KU Leuven Group

Croatia 2 Rudjer Boskovic Institute Zagreb

Czech Republic: 2 Nucl. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. Rez

Germany 5 RUBION Bochum, HISKP Uni. Bonn, IKP Technische Univ. Darmstadt, MLL Garching, IKP Univ. Köln

Greece 1 Demokritos Athens

France: 2 IPN Orsay and CEN Bordeaux

Hungary: 2 Inst. Nucl. Research Debrecen

Italy: 3 LNS Catania, LNGS Assergi, LABEC Firenze

Poland: 2 INP Cracow and HIL Warsaw Univ.

Portugal 1 ITN Lisbon

Romania: 1 CRAI Bucharest

Spain: 2 CNAM Madrid and CNA Seville

Switzerland 1 ETH Zürich

TOTAL 25

Small Scale Facilities in EUROPE(not included in the Large Scale Facilitity Network)


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Nuclear solid state physics at IKS ( KU GroupLEUVEN)(Institute fùr Kern and Stralingsfysica)

  • The nuclear solid state physics group uses the infrastructure of the Ion and Molecular

  • Beam Laboratory (IMBL) to investigate the fundamental structural, electrical, magnetic

  • and optical properties of low-dimensional structures

  • Used nuclear techniques (ion beams and hyperfine interections) for the study of: metallic multilayers

  • surface and thin films growth mechanisms

  • (radiation) defects in semiconductors

  • 1.7 MV Tandem (Pelletron) used for analysis of samples via RBS, channeling spectrometry, PIXE, NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis)

  • 100 kV mass separator for implantation of radioactive probes (hyperfine interaction techniques)

  • 200 kV high current mass implanter (end 2006) with a multipurpose ion source (for stable isotopes) for studies on ion beam modification of materials


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Tandem accelerator center Rudjer Boskovic Institute GroupZAGREB

  • EN Tandem 6 MV (from Rice University,Texas) upgraded until 2006 (computer controlled operation and installation of new tubes). Two ion sources (RF and sputtering)

  • Ion beams so far: protons (up to 1 µA), Li, C, O and 35Cl6+ (0.5-5.5 MV)

  • New 1 MV Tandetron installed in 2005 for proton beams. So far energies 0.4-2.0 MeV with currents up to 10 µA

  • No PAC

  • 5 beam lines which can be used from both accelerators

  • PIXE/RBS/PIGE for broad beam analysis,ToF ERDA for thin film analysis, nuclear reactions with light ions for astrophysics, ion implantation and high resolution PIXE,

  • µ probe with PIXE, RBS, NRA, ERDA, STIM, IBIC, SE and IL detector systems

  • Basic research topics:

  • Inner shell ionization processes

  • Non Rutherford elastic scattering

  • Nuclear astrophysics

  • Applied research topics:

  • Material characterization

  • Ion beam material modifications

  • Development of dosimetry techniques

  • International collaborations (IAEA, Univ. di Torino and INFN Catania) 30% of beam time


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Neutron generator center Rudjer Boskovic Institute GroupZAGREB

  • Linear electrostatic accelerator (CW type) 300 kV. Beginning of operation 1970.

  • Ions: protons deuterons, 3He+, 4He+. Maximum currents 1 mA

  • 3 beam lines : +/- 30° water cooled systems for fixed tritium and deuteron targets. Precise neutron dose and fluence via the particle associated method. Fast and slow pulsing at +30°

  • 0° for rotating tritium targets.

  • Neutron generator:

  • 3H(2H,n)4He En=14.5 MeV max. fluence 5×109 n/4π.s fixed target

  • 2H(2H,n)3He En= 2.5 MeV max. fluence 5×1010 n/4π.s rotating target

  • No PAC

  • Domestic users: 40%

  • Other countries: 60%

  • International collaborations:

    -NATO: Control of illicit trafficking in threat materials (with INFN Padova)

  • -FP6 EURITRACK: European illicit trafficking countermeasures kit (with France, Italy, Poland, Sweden and Croatia)

  • -IAEA: Inspection of shipping containers for undisclosed radioactive materials

  • -Institute of isotopes and Central Research Institute of Physics, Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest


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RUBION Group –Central unit for ion beams and radioactive nuclides BOCHUM

  • High current Dynamitron Tandem with terminal voltage up to 4.5 MV

  • Almost all ion species available. Typical proton beam current 50 µA

  • 500 kV and 100 kV electrostatic single stage accelerator

  • No PAC

  • RBS, µ PIXE, NRA (H-profiling with 15N), channeling set up, recoil separator with gas target, low energy nano-implantation stage, high energy µ-implantation stage, hot implantation stage, industrial implantation stage up to 6'‘ wafer size

  • Main fields (nuclear research)

  • nuclear astrophysics

  • nuclear material science

  • development of nuclear analytic techniques

  • modification of materials by ion implantation

  • radiochemistry mainly for life science

  • Other domains

  • industrial implantation in clean rooms

  • applied physics


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Radioisotope separator and implanter at the Helmholtz Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. BONN

  • Facility to produce and implant mass separated isotopes into specially prepared samples at implantation energies between 1 and 160 keV. Off-line facility fully licensed to handle all radioisotopes except gases and actinides.

  • Main fields of application:

  • Separation and implantation of radioactive isotopes for

  • the nuclear spectroscopy with charged particles

  • the investigation of hyperfine interactions in solids

  • the study of the diffusion of radiotracers in materials

  • the observation of impurity transmutation in semiconductors

  • Separation and implantation of stable isotopes for

  • the production of highly enriched calibrated targets

  • the impurity doping of materials

  • the radiation damaging of solids

  • Short list of radioisotopes implanted:

  • 7Be, 32P, 59Fe, 67Cu, 71Ge, 77Br, 82Br, 83Rb, 100Pd, 111mCd, 111In, 111Ag, 169Er, 181Hf,197Hg

  • Users

  • Local groups and a substantial number of European and overseas research groups


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Institut für Kerphysik, Technische Universität Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. DARMSTADT

  • Superconducting electron linear accelerator producing CW electron beams from 3 to 130 MeV.

  • Free Electron Laser operating at wavelengths between 2.5 and 10 µm

  • No PAC

  • Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments:

  • Nuclear resonance fluorescence facility with three 100% efficient Ge detectors

  • Large solid angle magnetic spectrograph for single arm (e,e´) and coincidence experiments of the form (e,e´x) with x=n,p,…

  • Solid state and neutron counter arrays

  • Energy loss spectrometer for (e,e´) at high resolution

  • Facility for inelastic electron scattering experiments under 180°

  • Main fields of nuclear research:

  • Photon and electron scattering for studies of elementary nuclear excitations of low multiplicity

  • Electric and magnetic giant resonances

  • Astrophysics

  • Electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon via Compton scattering at low photon energies

  • Main fields of other research:

  • Superconducting RF and accelerator physics

  • Simulation of quantum chaos phenomena in superconducting microwave resonators


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Maier- Leibnitz- Laboratory, Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. GARCHING

  • 15 MV MP tandem producing H to U ions including polarised p and d, DC or bunches from

  • 1 ns to 2 ms)

  • Post accelerator for Ni, Ge (1 pnA, 5.7 MeV/u, bunched)

  • PAC with external members

  • Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments:

  • Q3D spectrometer, superconducting nanoscope for applied nuclear physics experiments, Ge arrays, conversion electron spectrometer, gas filled magnet for AMS, high resolution Penning trap, neutron ToF, shielded lab for low-background experiments

  • Main fields of nuclear research:

  • Nuclear spectroscopy

  • Accelerator mass spectroscopy

  • Main fields of other research:

  • -Instrumental developments (nuclear structure and heavy ion physics, hadron, particle and astrophysics)

  • -Material analysis: sub-µm 3D-hydrogen microscopy, high resolution and thin layer by ERDA

  • -Medical applications with ions: radiobiology with focussed ion-beams, radiation effects in biological systems, ion-implantation


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Institute für Kernphysik, Univ. Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. KÖLN

  • 10 MV FN tandem accelerator producing light and heavy ions up to Z=30. Typical beam currents 10-100 nA. Pulsed beam available 2.5 ns

  • No PAC

  • Main instrumentation for nuclear physics experiments:

  • Ge array with beta decay slider for activation measurements, plunger for lifetime measurements, double orange conversion spectrometer, PIXE installation with beam sweaper, multipurpose scattering chamber, particle- gamma coincidence set up.

  • Main fields of nuclear research:

  • Nuclear structure

  • Sub-Coulomb barrier reactions

  • Main fields of other research

  • Applied physics using PIXE with mm resolution

  • Radiation effects in solids via material modification and ion implantation.


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Nuclear Physics Institute Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. REZ

  • U-120M cyclotron designed and manufactured in JINR Dubna

  • Operation started ~ 1975 (improvements and modernization since then)

  • K=40 isochronous machine with both positive and negative ions

  • energy currents

  • H-, H+ 10-38 MeV 40-5 µA

  • D-, D+ 10-20 MeV 25-5 µA

  • 3He+ 17-53 MeV 3 µA

  • 4He+ 20-40 MeV 5 µA

  • Fast neutron sources (both monoenergetic 20-37 MeV and white spectrum 1011n/(s.cm2)

  • up to 32 MeV operated together with neutron scintillator spectrometers and multi foil spectrometry

  • Applications: - nuclear astrophysics processes

  • - fast neutrons for future energy production technologies (EURATOM)

  • - production of radioisotopes employed in the near radiopharmacy department (main portion of the cyclotron operating time)


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Nuclear Physics Institute Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Univ. REZ

  • Old Van de Graaff 3.5 MV

    • protons and 4He+ ions up to 3.5 MeV several µA and energy stability 10-4

  • RBS, ERDA (hydrogène), PIXE, PIGE and PESA analyses installed

  • New tandetron 4130 MC machine, 3MV (HVEE)

  • Ions from H to Au with energies up to 20 MeV and currents up to tens of µA

  • Routine operation in 2006 and beam lines under construction

  • Microprobe planned in 2007

  • Interdisciplinary programmes with national and international groups

  • Main research topics:

    • - surface layers in solids for bio medicine and machine industries

  • - new prospective materials for microelectronics and opto electronics

  • - environment

  • - modification of materials by ion beams

  • - radiation damage

  • - nuclear astrophysics and fusion processes also planned


  • Institute of nuclear physics of the national center for scientific research demokritos athens l.jpg
    Institute of Nuclear Physics of the National Center for Scientific Research ‘Demokritos’ ATHENS

    • 5.5 MV Van de Graaff tandem (first beams 1973)

    • beams: p, d, 4He, Li, C, O, F, Ti, V,… Os

    • 30 μA 1 μA 15 μA 1 μA 0.5 μA

    • Basic research ( ~ 60%)

    • - Nuclear astrophysics

      • - Neutron physics

      • - Nuclear reactions on light systems

  • Applied research (~ 40%)

  • - Material science

  • - Biomedicine

  • - Archeometry

  • - Environment

  • No PAC

  • 2500 h/year and 65% external users


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    IPN Scientific Research ORSAY

    • 15 MV MP tandem. Stable beams from protons to gold

    • Cluster beams

    • Six beam lines: -3 for conventional nucl. phys. experiments

    • -ISOL line

    • -cluster physics

    • -industrial applications

    • PAC with external members

    • Fields: - Nuclear structure of exotic nuclei

    • - Clusters in nuclei

    • - Nuclear astrophysics

    • - Nuclear waste

    • - Nuclear physics for energy and environment

    • - Atomic physics

    • NEW! ALTO (50 MeV electron accelerator 10 μA)

    • 1011 fissions/sec via photofission inside target and up to 108 132Sn/sec

    • after separation

    • Spectroscopy of very neutron rich nuclei

    • European programs: EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, EURONS, EURISOL


    Aifira a pplications i nterdisciplinaires de f aisceaux d i ons en r gion a quitaine cen bordeaux l.jpg
    AIFIRA Scientific Research (Applications Interdisciplinaires de Faisceaux d’Ions en Région Aquitaine) CEN BORDEAUX

    • Single stage electrostatic accelerator (HVEE 3.5 MV Singletron)

    • bright beams of light ions (H+, D+, He+) currents up to 100 μA

    • Facility commissioned in January 2006

    • nanobeams with space resolution <100 nm

    • PAC (11 members with 4 external experts)

    • 5 beam lines: - neutrons 0.1-7 MeV and soon 20 MeV

    • - μprobe

    • - nano probe

    • - external beam for characterisation in air

    • - test for detectors and industrial irradiations

    • Fields: environment, biomedicine, nuclear waste and new fuel cycles, material science, cultural heritage

    • Facility opened to external users from academic research and industrial firms via a technological transfer department

    • European programs EFNUDAT, EUROTRANS, NANODERM, CELLION, COST P9

    • Running costs ~70 k€, technical staff ~ 130 k€


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    Institute of Nuclear Research Scientific Research DEBRECEN

    • 5 MV Van de Graaff providing H+, D+, 4He+, C+, N+, O+, Ne+

    • Max current 1-20 µA (depending on ion species)

    • Energy stability less 1kV

    • Main instrumentation:

    • Scanning nuclear microprobe, PIXE chamber, CLOVER type Ge detector with BGO shield

    • and other Ge counters, target chamber for astrophysics (gamma and particle detectors in

    • various geometries) , e+-e- pair spectrometer with MWPC tracking and plastic detectors,

    • e+e- pair spectrometer with SC solenoid and Si micro vertex detectors, high resolution

    • electrostatic e- spectrometer with angular (0-180°) and energy (5 eV-12 keV) ranges

    • Main fields of nuclear research: IBA broad beam and microbeam

    • nuclear astrophysics

    • fundamental interactions (internal pair creation in nuclear transitions)

    • Other research: proton beam micromachining

    • ion induced electron spectroscopy for atomic physics

    • No PAC


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    Institute of Nuclear Research Scientific Research DEBRECEN

    • Isochronous cyclotron (K=20) for light ions p, d, 3He, 4He and max. intensities of 50 µA

    • energies from 3 MeV (p) to 27 MeV for 3He particles

    • Main instrumentation: split pole magnetic spectro, CLOVER Ge detector with BGO shield and

    • other Ge detectors, SC solenoid and mini orange electron spectrometers, ionization

    • chambers and PPAC fission detectors, scattering chamber with Si telescopes, e+e- pair

    • spectrometer

    • Main fields of nuclear research: SD and HD states in actinide region

    • study of fission barriers

    • study of alpha optical model potential for nuclear astrophysics

    • gamma decay of giant resonances

    • Other research: production of radioisotopes for PET

    • production of long lived isotopes for RIB used abroad

    • thin layer activation

    • nuclear data for neutron and gamma induced transmuation

    • radiation hardness tests of electronic units

    • No PAC


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    Laboratory Nazionali del Sud Scientific Research CATANIA

    • 15 MV tandem provides up to 200 nA beams with energies up to 10 to 200 MeV

    • depending on mass

    • Superconducting cyclotron provides ions in a wide range of masses with max energies from 25 MeV/A for U to 80 MeV/A for fully stripped light ions

    • ISOL type RIB facility (EXCYT) based on the cyclotron (primary accel.) and the tandem (post accel.), produces 8Li beams

    • PAC: 1 national and 6 foreign members

    • Main fields (nuclear research):

      • - Exotic nuclei

      • - Reaction mechanisms around the Coulomb barrier

      • - Particle spectroscopy of high spin state

      • - Nuclear astrophysic

      • - Giant resonances

      • - Phase transitions

      • - Nuclear equation of state

    • Other domains:

      • - Proton therapy

      • - Solid state physics

      • - Radiation hardness

    • - Ion beam dammage on biological samples

    • - Cultural heritage

    • - High energy cosmic neutrinos


    Laboratory nazionali del gran sasso assergi l.jpg
    Laboratory Nazionali Scientific Research del GRAN SASSO Assergi

    • LUNA: 400 KV accelerator providing intense proton and alpha beams

    • main characteristics: low ripple, high energy resolution, and operation without operator on site

    • Main fields (nuclear research): low energy nuclear astrophysics via nuclear reaction cross section measurements at stellar energies

    • high purity targets and detector systems available

    • Other domains: particle astrophysics, sypernovae-atmospheric-solar neutrinos,

    • neutrino beam from CERN

    • dark matter

    • rare decays

    • PAC: 4 Italian and 5 foreign members


    Labec florence laboratorio di techniche nucleari per i beni culturali l.jpg
    LABEC Scientific Research FLORENCE(Laboratorio di Techniche Nucleari per i Beni Culturali)

    • Tandetron 3 MV with three independant ion sources dedicated to applications of nuclear techniques: Ion Beam Analysis IBA and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS

    • One source dedicated to AMS (14C dating), the other two for IBA

    • All kinds of beams with intensities typically of tens of µA

    • 6 beam lines:

      • - rare isotope line, better 0.5% for the ratio 14C/12C in samples of historical periods

      • - two collimated external beam lines for IBA cultural heritage and air pollution studies

      • - line with external microbeam set up with scanning facility for elementary mapping

  • - line for standard in-vacuum analysis

  • - line with electrostatic chopper for ultra fast pulsing down to 0.2 ns

  • Main research topics: Archeometry

  • Environment

  • Geology

  • Calibration for timing response of detectors


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    Heavy Ion Laboratory Scientific Research WARSAW University

    • K=160 heavy ion cyclotron

    • which provides beams of gaseous elements and elements available from gaseous compounds

    • from boron to argon - energies 2 to 10 MeV/A - intensities up to a few hundreds pnA

    • - Commissioned 1994, beam time available 3000h/year

    • Accessible apparatus: - large scattering chamber

    • - IGISOL on-line separator

    • - pin diode particle array

    • - large NaI(Tl) crystal segmented in 32 elements

    • - anti Compton shielded Ge detectors

    • - 4π Si ball

    • - 4π BGO gamma multiplicity filter

    • - Ge compton polarimeter

    • NEW: ICARE from Strasbourg

    • National and international collaborations

    • PAC

    • Main fields: - nuclear physics

    • - solid state

    • - biology

    • - application studies


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    Institute of Nuclear Physics Scientific Research CRACOW

    • Van de Graaff (HVEC KN-3000) 2.7 MV

    • protons and He+ beams energy stabilty 10-3

    • 3 beam lines in operation: broad-beam PIXE analysis

    • RBS/channeling

    • microprobe (routine operation in 2000)

    • X-ray and particle detectors PIXE, RBS, STIM

    • Applications: - geology

    • - environment

    • - biomedical

    • Recently: external focused beam developed with a single ion hit facility for living cells

    • extraction to air for archeological objects or biological samples

    • well equipped biological laboratory

    • Collaborations in FP5 and FP6 with ~ 10 European partners:

    • NANODERM and CELLION


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    Ion Beam Laboratory ITN Scientific Research LISBON

    (Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear)

    • 2.5 MV Van de Graaff accelerator: irradiations with 0.4 -2.5 MeV protons and 4He

    • µ probe: 1.5 µm resolution

    • 3.0 MV Tandem accelerator: irradiations with several ions at temperatures in the range of liquid nitrogen (LN) up to 1000 °C. µ-AMS line

    • No PAC

    • 210 kV high flux ion implanter: all stable elements with energies in the range 15-210 KeV, temperatures in the range LN up to 1000 °C

    • Experimental techniques: RBS, channeling, (HI)-ERDA, NRA, PIXE, IBL, PIGE and AMS

    • Applications: - characterization and processing new materials

    • - proton induced reactions relevant for nuclear astrophysics and development of analytical techniques to profile light elements

    • - biomedical studies of human pathologies (elemental distribution in tissues) - atmospheric and environmental studies

    • European programmes

    • Fusion development agreement (EFDA) via EURATOM

    • Low energy nuclear reactions in the framework of LUNA (Gran Sasso)

    • Biomedical studies of skin permeability to nanoparticles


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    Center of Research with Accelerated Ions Scientific Research BUCHAREST

    • FN-type tandem, upgraded to 9 MV (HVEC USA) commissioned in 1973

    • - 28 ion species from protons to gold with intensities up to 1 μA

    • - 7 beam lines equipped (photons, charged particles and neutrons)

    • for a wide variety of applications

    • Research topics:

      • - basic nuclear and atomic physics

  • - applied physics using PIXE, RBS, ERDA and AMS

  • - 24 national research projects

  • Collaborations in FP6 progammes:

    • - EURONS (AGATA, EXOSCHAP, ISILHI)

  • - EURISOL

  • - EURATOM

  • Stand alone Electron-Cyclotron Resonance (14GHz, ECR) ion source

  • large variety of highly ion beams at low energy

  • Topics: - atomic physics

  • - condensed matter

  • - applied research


  • Cmam university madrid centro de microanalisis de materials l.jpg
    CMAM Scientific Research University MADRID (Centro de Microanalisis de Materials)

    • High current tandetron 5 MV (HVEE) commissioned early 2003

    • Intense beams with remarkable stability and low terminal voltage ripple

    • Multidisciplinary facility using IBA for archeometry,

    • environmental sciences

    • material sciences

    • nuclear physics and test of detectors

    • Nuclear physics beam line operative since end 2004

    • full kinematical study of the break up in 3 alpha of excited states of 12C populated the 3He+10B reaction at 3 MeV

    • testing for signal digitization of charged particle detectors

    • FP6: EURONS

    • Technical positions are not yet permanent because facility is new


    Cna university seville national center of accelerators l.jpg
    CNA University Scientific Research SEVILLE(National Center of Accelerators)

    • Development of technological and scientific projects among Andalusian, Spanish and international scientific communities as well as private and public companies

    • Tandem Van de Graaff 3 MV

    • 6 beam lines for archeometry, art, biomedicine, environment and material sciences

    • 1 line for basic nuclear physics

    • Cyclotron 18 MeV

    • production of radionuclides for PET

    • Mass spectrometer with a 1 MV Cockcroft Walton accelerator (AMS)

    • extremely small quantities of 14C, 10Be, 26Al, 129I and Pu isotopes

    • archeology, geology, hydrology, material science

    • Remark: CNA and CMAM installations especially adequate for the training of young scientists and technicians who will be involved in programmes at large scall facilities like FAIR, ISOLDE or GANIL


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    Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule (ETH) Scientific Research ZÜRICH

    • 6 MV tandem operated in close collaboration with the Paul Scherrer Institute. Machine installed in 1963 and dedicated to applied research since 1985.

    • 5 independant ion sources dedicated to applications of nuclear techniques: Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Ion Beam Physics.

    • Beams available: H, He,10Be, 14C, C60 (cluster),14C, 26Al, 32Si, 36Cl, 41Ca, 60Fe, 126Sn, 129I

    • 5 beam lines (µprobe, external beam for thin layer activation, ion implantation channeling, heavy ion RBS spectrometer and AMS)

    • No PAC

    • Techniques for analysis and irradiation:

    • RBS, (heavy ion)-ERDA, NRA, PIXE, (channeling-RBS), TLA, accelerator SIMS

    • Main activities:

    • Geology

    • Climate research

    • Environment

    • Life sciences

    • Material sciences


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