abgdezhqiklmnxoprstufcyw. Top left: Greek Bottom left: Cherokee Middle: Arabic Top right: Russian. LANGUAGE. What is language?. A form of communication that is a systematic set of arbitrary symbols shared among a group and passed on from generation to generation.
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Top left: Greek
Bottom left: Cherokee
Top right: Russian
A form of communication that is a systematic set of arbitrarysymbolsshared among a group and passed on from generation to generation
What is Conveyed or transmitted?
“grab hold of this”
“look at this”
the study of language(s) in relation to society. The Social Uses of Language
- Language expresses, symbolizes and maintains the social order
Social variables influence a person\'s use of language
A child learning a language also acquires social competence i.e. the ability to recognize and interpret the social activity taking place.
e.g. opening or closing a conversation
Telling a joke or story
taking conversational turns
Most prestigious form will be that of the most powerful group in society because this group controls education and the media. perkins2.ramqueen1a.ram
90% of Paraguans speak Guarani, yet until 1992 Spanish was the official language, the language of prestige and is used in government, schools, and commerce.
A “slang” dialect used by certain groups of the African-American community.Yo, Big Daddy upstairs,You be chillinSo be yo hoodYou be sayin\' it, I be doin\' itIn this here hood and yo\'sGimme some eatsAnd cut me some slack, BloodSos I be doin\' it to dem dat diss me Don\'t be pushing me into no jiveAng keep dem crips awayCause you always be da man, GStraight up.Aa-men.
English First is a national, non-profit grassroots lobbying organization founded in 1986. The goal is to Make English America\'s official language
What contextual elements influence the form used?
Who talks more?
Zimmerman and West (1975)
(Tannen 1992: 75)
What a divine idea!
What a terrific idea!
Shit! You’ve put
the peanut butter in
the fridge again!
Oh dear! You’ve putthe peanut butter inthe fridge again!
Male speakers often use socially disfavored variants of sociolinguistic variables while women tend to avoid these in favor of socially more favored variants.”
women\'s language which consists of polite deferential ways of speaking which ultimately subordinate women in society
Is Our thinking and Our Behaviour determined by our language?
\'Human beings do not live in the objective world alone, nor alone in the world of social activity as ordinarily understood, but are very much at the mercy of the particular language which has become the medium of expression for their society. It is quite an illusion to imagine that one adjusts to reality essentially without the use of language and that language is merely an incidental means of solving specific problems of communication and reflection. The fact of the matter is that the "real world" is to a large extent unconsciously built up on the language habits of the group.\' 1929
thought is merely affected by or influenced by our language,
(red, yellow, black, white, green, blue, purple, pink, brown, orange, grey)
The red things and the blue things
Or the strings and the sticks?