slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The American Revolution

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 100

The American Revolution Main Menu - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 256 Views
  • Uploaded on

The American Revolution Main Menu Vocabulary: Chapter 5 British Leaders Boston Tea Party Vocabulary: Chapter 6 Patriot Leaders Boston Massacre Battles Declaration of Independence Causes Protest Methods Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Cause to the American Revolution

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The American Revolution Main Menu' - Jimmy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The American

Revolution

slide2

Main Menu

Vocabulary:

Chapter 5

British

Leaders

Boston

Tea Party

Vocabulary:

Chapter 6

Patriot

Leaders

Boston

Massacre

Battles

Declaration

of

Independence

Causes

Protest

Methods

slide3

Chapter 5 Vocabulary:

Cause to the American

Revolution

Click to go back to main menu

1. The French and Indian War

2. Albany Plan of Union

3. Treaty of Paris, 1763

4. Pontiac’s War

5. Proclamation Act of 1763

6. Stamp Act

7. Boycott

8. Repeal

9. Townshend Acts

10. Writ of assistance

11. Boston Massacre

12. Committee of correspondence

13. Tea Act

14. Boston Tea Party

15. Intolerable Act

16. First Continental Congress

17. Militia

18. Minuteman

19. Battles of Lexington

and Concord

slide4

French and Indian War

The French and Indian War was a war that was took place from 1754 to 1763 between England and France, both aided by Native American Allies, that led to the end of French power in North America.

slide5

Albany Plan of Union

The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies and provided for the common defense against the French.

Benjamin Franklin’s Cartoon. Created cartoon to convince colonists to accept his Albany Plan of Union.

slide6

Treaty of Paris, 1763

The Treaty of Paris of 1763 was an agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War, and it marked the end of French power in North America.

slide7

Treaty of Paris,1763

Treaty that ended the French and Indian War. The treaty ended French power in North America and made Great Britain the most powerful European country in the New World.

slide8

Pontiac\'s War

Pontiac’s War was a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area and eventually led to the Proclamation Act of 1763.

Indian Territory

slide9

Proclamation Act of 1763

The Proclamation Act of 1763 was a law forbidding English colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Halt!

Appalachian Mountains

slide10

Stamp Act

The Stamp Act was a 1765 law that placed new duties on legal documents, and taxed newspapers, almanacs, playing cards and dice.

slide11

Repeal

Repeal means to cancel. After colonists boycotted certain goods taxed by the British government, parliament would repeal the tax.

slide12

Townshend Acts

The Townshend Acts were laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paint, and lead.

slide13

Writ of Assistance

Writ of Assistance was a legal document that allowed British customs officials to inspect a ship’s cargo without giving a reason.

slide14

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was a 1770 conflict between colonists and British troops in which five colonists were killed.

Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre.

slide15

Committee of Correspondence

Committee of Correspondence was a letter writing campaign that became a major tool of protest in the colonies.

slide16

Boycott

A boycott is a refusal to buy goods or service. This was a popular protest method used by the colonists against British taxes.

slide17

Tea Act

The Tea Act was a 1773 law that let the British East India Company bypass tea merchants and sell tea directly to colonists.

slide18

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was a 1773 protest in which colonists dressed as Indians and dumped British tea into Boston harbor.

slide19

Intolerable Acts

  • The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws passed in 1774 to punish colonist in Boston for the Boston Tea Party.
  • To punish the colonists, King George III closed the port of Boston until the tea that was destroyed was repaid for.
  • The colonists could not have anymore town meetings.
  • And a new Quartering act was introduced.
slide20

First Continental Congress

  • The First Continental Congress was a meeting in Philadelphia of delegates from the 12 colonies in 1774.
  • In this meeting, delegates debated on what to do about the Intolerable Acts.
  • They decided to boycott British products and to start militias throughout the colonies.
slide21

Militia

A militia is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.

slide22

Minuteman

A Minuteman was a colonial militia volunteer who was prepared to fight at a minute’s notice.

slide23

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

slide24

Chapter 6 Vocabulary:

The Revolutionary War

Click to go back to main menu

12. Preamble

13. Natural rights

14. Battle of Long Island

15. Battle of Trenton

16. Battle of Saratoga

17. Ally

18. Valley Forge

19. Battle of Cowpens

20. guerrilla

21. Siege

22. Battle of Yorktown

23. Treaty of Paris

24. ratify

  • Olive Branch Petition
  • Green Mountain Boys
  • Continental Army
  • Patriot
  • Loyalist
  • Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Blockade
  • Mercenary
  • Common Sense
  • Traitor
  • Declaration of Independence
slide25

Olive Branch Petition

The Olive Branch Petition was a peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord declaring their loyalty to the king asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts.

The olive branch is symbol of peace.

slide26

Green Mountain Boys

Ethan Allen

The Green Mountain Boys were Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen, which made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga, giving Americans control of the key route.

slide27

Continental Army

The Continental Army was the patriot army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British.

slide28

Patroit

A Patriot was a colonist who favored war against Great Britain.

slide29

Loyalist

A loyalist was a colonist who remained loyal to Britain.

slide30

Battle of Bunker Hill

Battle of Bunker was the first major battle of the Revolution in 1775.

Battle of Bunker Hill

slide31

Blockade

  • A blockade is the shutting off of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out.
  • Great Britain used their navy to blockade the colonies so they could not get supplies from foreign countries.
slide32

Mercenary

  • A mercenary is a soldier who fights for money and is often from a foreign country.
  • The British hired mercenaries form Germany called Hessians to fight the patriots.
slide33

Common Sense

Common Sense was an essay published in 1776 by Thomas Paine that urged the colonies to declare independence.

slide34

Traitor

  • A traitor is a person who betrays his or her country.
  • Benedict Arnold (pictured below) betrayed the Continental Army when he planned to give the British West Point.
  • The plan was discovered and he fled to join the British.

Benedict Arnold

slide35

Declaration of

Independence

The Declaration of Independence is a 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation.

slide36

Preamble

A preamble is introduction to a declaration, constitution or other official document.

slide37

Natural Rights

Natural Rights are rights that belong to people from birth.

slide38

Battle of Long Island

The Battle of Long Island was a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured.

Battle of Long Island

slide39

Battle of Trenton

The Battle of Trenton was a 1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington’s troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack.

Delaware River

Washington crossing

the Delaware River

Battle of Trenton

slide40

Battle of Saratoga

  • The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in 1777.
  • Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory.
  • The Battle convinced France to support the patriots.

Battle of Saratoga

slide41

Ally

An ally is a nation, or person, who works with another for a common purpose.

France became our ally after the Battle of Saratoga.

slide42

Valley Forge

Valley Forge was the Pennsylvania site of Washington’s Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778.

Valley Forge

slide43

Battle of Cowpens

The Battle of Cowpens was a 1781 battle in South Carolina, where Americans won an important victory over the British.

Battle of Cowpens

slide44

Guerrilla

  • Guerrilla is a term used for a soldier who uses hit and run tactics against the enemy.
  • Guerrilla warfare is the use of hit and run tactics.
slide45

Siege

A siege is a military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender.

slide46

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle in the Revolution. This battle in 1781 forced the British to surrender.

Battle of Yorktown

slide47

Treaty of Paris, 1783

Peace treaty between Great Britain and the United States that recognized the United States as an independent country.

slide48

Ratify

Ratify means to approve of something.

slide49

Causes

Click to go back to main menu

slide50

Taxation Without

Representation

  • After the French and Indian War, King George III decided to reduce the debt of Great Britain from the war by taxing the colonists.
  • The colonists did not like this because they had no say on the taxes that were imposed on them by parliament. They called this taxation without representation.
slide51

Taxation Without Representation

Below are some taxes imposed by Great Britain on the colonists. Click on name of tax to find out about each.

slide52

Townshend Acts

  • The Townshend Acts was a tax in 1767 that taxed items used by industry like glass, paint and lead.
  • The colonists protested the law by boycotting all items taxed by the Townshend Acts.
  • Colonists in Massachusetts also started committee of correspondences to explain British taxes.
slide53

Sugar Act

  • The Sugar Act was a 1764 tax on molasses that was made in the colonies and exported to other parts of the World.
  • The colonists protested against this tax by boycotting the sugar imported into the colonies to make the molasses.
  • The Sugar Act was repealed a year later.
slide54

Stamp Act

  • The Stamp Act was a tax that replaced the Sugar Act of 1764.
  • The Stamp Act of 1765 was a tax on paper products, to include paper products like legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards.
  • The colonists protested the tax by boycotting British paper products and making their own paper.
  • The Sons of Liberty also were formed during this time.
slide55

Tea Act

  • The Tea Act was a 1774 law that let British merchants sell their tea directly to the colonists without going through colonial merchants.
  • The colonists did not have to pay that much tax on the tea, but still protested the tax because it was another example of taxation without representation.
  • The colonists protested by boycotting tea and by making their own tea.
  • Eventually the Sons of Liberty protested the Tea Act by planning the Boston Tea Party.
slide56

The Boston Tea Party

Click to go back to main menu

  • In 1774, members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up like Native Americans and threw British tea into Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act.
  • The Boston Tea Party made King George III mad.
  • To punish the colonists, King George III had parliament pass the Intolerable Acts.
slide57

The French and Indian

War

  • The French and Indian War was a war fought between France and Great Britain between the years 1754 to 1763.
  • Great Britain won the war, but was in debt.
  • To reduce the debt, King George III decided to tax the colonists.
slide58

Other British Policies

  • Taxes weren’t the only things imposed on them that they did not like.
  • There were other policies of the King the colonists did not like.

Click on the policies below to find out more.

slide59

The Boston Massacre

Click to go back to main menu

  • The Boston Massacre was an event that took place in 1770 in Boston that claimed the lives of seven colonists.
  • Colonists were protesting the Townshend Act outside a British tax collectors office in Boston.
  • Colonists started to harass and throw objects at the soldiers sent to protect the tax collector.
  • The soldiers then opened fire into the crowd killing seven including Crispus Attucks, a Sons of Liberty member and former slave.
slide61

Navigation Acts

  • The Navigation Acts regulated trade between the colonies and other countries.
  • Colonists had to buy finished goods from Great Britain and could not trade certain goods with other countries.
slide62

Proclamation

Act of 1763

  • The Proclamation Act of 1763 drew an imaginary line down the center of the Appalachian Mountain and restricted settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio River Valley.
  • The Proclamation Act of 1763 was a result of Pontiac’s War.
  • Many colonists ignored the law and moved across the Appalachian Mountains anyways.
slide63

Quartering Act

  • The Quartering Act required colonists to house British Redcoats in their home.
  • Colonists had to pay for the soldiers food, drink and clothing.
  • Colonist used riots to protest this policy
slide64

The Intolerable Acts

  • The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws created to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
  • There was several parts to these laws:
    • The Port of Boston was closed down until the colonist paid for the tea destroyed.
    • The colonists could not have any more town meetings except for once a year.
    • A new Quartering Act was imposed. More soldiers were sent over to make sure no Boston Tea Parties took place ever again.
slide65

Patriot Leaders

Click to go back to main menu

Below are a few of the patriot leaders who led the Revolution.

George Washington

Thomas Jefferson

John Adams

Samuel Adams

Paul Revere

Patrick Henry

Ethan Allen

Benjamin Franklin

slide66

George Washington

  • Known as “The Father of our Country”, George Washington was the Continental Army commander during the American Revolution.
slide67

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.

slide68

John Adams

  • John Adams co wrote the Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson.
  • He was also the lawyer who represented the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre.
slide69

Samuel Adams

  • Samuel Adams was the cousin of John Adams.
  • He was a leader in the Sons of Liberty.
  • He also organized the Committee of Correspondence in Boston, Massachusetts.
slide70

Benjamin Franklin

  • Benjamin Franklin was a diplomat during the war.
  • He spent the war over in France getting the King to supply money, men and ships for the Continental Army.
  • It was through his efforts that France became our biggest ally.
slide71

Patrick Henry

  • Patrick Henry was another patriot from Virginia who spoke out against the British.
  • In a famous for saying “Give me Liberty, or give me Death”.
slide72

Paul Revere

  • Sons of Liberty member who was one of two midnight riders.
  • He became famous for riding to Lexington and Concord to warn the colonists that the British were coming.
slide73

Ethan Allen

  • Ethan Allen was the leader of the Vermont militia known as the Green Mountain Boys.
  • Defeated the British at Fort Ticonderoga on May 5, 1775 without firing a shot.
slide74

British Leaders

Click to go back to main menu

British leaders during the Revolution:

King George III

John Burgoyne

Lord Cornwallis

slide75

King George III

  • King George III was the king of Great Britain during the Revolution.
  • He was not liked by patriots because of the policies he imposed on the colonists.
slide76

John Burgoyne

  • John Burgoyne was a famous British general who came up with a plan to defeat George Washington and the Continental Army.
  • His plan called for three British armies to converge on Albany New York from three different directions.
  • By capturing Albany, Burgoyne hoped to cut off separate the New England colonies from the middle and southern colonies.
  • Burgoyne believed that by capturing Albany and controlling the Hudson River the Continental Army would be unable to be resupplied.
  • His plan failed because two of his armies were defeated at the battles of Saratoga and Fort Stanwixs.
slide77

Lord Cornwallis

  • Lord Cornwallis was the leader British forces in the Southern colonies.
  • He eventually would be defeated by George Washington and French forces at Yorktown, Virginia in 1781.
slide78

Battles

Click to go back to main menu

Battle of

Trenton

Bunker

Hill

Valley

Forge

Battle of

Cowpens

Battle of

Saratoga

Lexington

And

Concord

Battle of

Yorktown

Battle of

Long Island

slide79

Declaration of

Independence

Click to go back to main menu

  • The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson adopted on July 4, 1776.
  • There are three parts to the Declaration of Independence:

Part 1: The Purpose of Government

Part 2: Wrongs Done by the King

Part 3: Declaring of Independence

slide80

The Purpose of Government

  • In the first part, Thomas Jefferson explained what the purpose of government is.
  • He stated that the purpose of government to protect peoples natural rights, also called unalienable rights. These are rights that are so basic that they cannot be taken away. These rights in the Declaration of Independence are life, liberty and property.
  • He also stated that if a government abuses its power and tries to take away these rights then the people have the right alter or abolish the government and replace it with a new one.
slide81

Wrongs Done By the King

  • In the second part, Thomas Jefferson lists all the wrongs King George III has done to the colonies.
  • In this long list of wrongs he mentions such things as taxation without representation, restricting of trade, and quartering of soldiers in peoples homes.
slide82

Declaration of

Independence

  • After explaining what the purpose of government is and all the wrongs done by the king, Jefferson then stated that the colonies were now independent from Great Britain.
slide83

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

Lexington

Concord

slide84

Battle of Long Island

The Battle of Long Island was a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured.

Battle of Long Island

slide85

Battle of Trenton

The Battle of Trenton was a 1776 battle in New Jersey in which George Washington’s troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack.

slide86

Battle of Bunker Hill

  • Battle of Bunker was the first major battle of the Revolution in 1775.
  • It was a British victory even though the British lost more soldiers than the Americans.

battle of Bunker Hill

slide87

Valley Forge

Valley Forge was the Pennsylvania site of Washington’s Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778.

Valley Forge

slide88

Battle of Cowpens

The Battle of Cowpens was a 1781 battle in South Carolina, where Americans won an important victory over the British.

Cowpens

slide89

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle in the Revolution. This battle in 1781 forced the British to surrender.

Yorktown

slide90

Battle of Saratoga

  • The Battle of Saratoga was the first major American victory in the Revolution, which ended the British threat in New England in 1777.
  • Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led soldiers to an American victory.
  • The Battle convinced France to support the patriots.

Saratoga

slide91

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were conflicts between Massachusetts colonists and British soldiers that started the Revolutionary War in 1775.

slide92

Protest Methods

Click to go back to main menu

Protest Methods used by colonists to protest British policies.

  • Boycott
  • Sons of Liberty
  • Committee of Correspondence
  • Tar and Feathering
  • Militias
  • Diplomacy
slide93

Boycott

  • Boycott is the refusal to buy a good or service.
slide94

Militia

  • A militia is an army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.
  • The First Continental Congress started militias in every colonies to protest the Intolerable Acts in 1774.
slide95

Diplomacy

  • Diplomacy is the solving of problems between to opposing groups by communicating and discussions.
  • The colonists used this on several occasions to try get King George III to change British policies in the colonies.
  • An example of this is the Olive Branch Petition sent to the King after Lexington and Concord.
slide96

Olive Branch Petition

The Olive Branch Petition was a peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord declaring their loyalty to the king asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts.

The olive branch is symbol of peace.

slide97

Committee of Correspondence

Committee of Correspondence was a letter writing campaign that became a major tool of protest in the colonies.

slide98

Sons of Liberty

  • The Sons of Liberty were a protest group that formed after the Stamp Act.
  • They protested against British taxes.
  • They took part in the Boston Tea Party.
  • They also intimated tax collectors using tar and feathering.
slide99

Tar and Feathering

  • Tar and feathering was a tactic used by colonists to intimidate tax collectors into not collecting taxes.
  • Colonists would dump hot tar onto tax collector and then put chicken feathers onto victim.
slide100

Directions: To navigate this presentation just click on an action button . If no action button is present on the slide then just click the title at the top of the slide .

Any underlined words can be clicked on, too.

ad