Sugar related diseases
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Sugar Related Diseases. Obesity. We Eat a Lot of Sugar. Unbelievable as it seems, according to the USDA, the average American consumes the following each year: 134 pounds of refined sugar excluding honey 365 servings of soda pop (638 cans per year for people aged 12-29) 200 sticks of gum

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Sugar Related Diseases

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Sugar related diseases

Sugar Related Diseases


Obesity

Obesity


We eat a lot of sugar

We Eat a Lot of Sugar

  • Unbelievable as it seems, according to the USDA, the average American consumes the following each year:

  • 134 pounds of refined sugar excluding honey

  • 365 servings of soda pop (638 cans per year for people aged 12-29)

  • 200 sticks of gum

  • 22 pounds of candy

  • 63 dozen doughnuts

  • 60 pounds of cakes and cookies

  • 23 gallons of ice cream


Blood pressure

Blood Pressure

  • Blood pressure is divided into systolic and diastolic

    • 120/70 mmhg

    • Systolic should be under 120 mmhg

    • Diastolic blood pressure should be 80 mmhg or less


Stroke

Stroke


Stroke1

Stroke


Heart attack

Heart Attack


Too much sugar

Too Much Sugar

  • Sugar is the problem

  • People eat too many ‘calories’ each day

    • Watch the glycemic index

      • Concentrate on foods with a GI of less than 50

    • Watch you caloric intake

      • Limit calories to your active metabolic rate = 2200 kcals/day

  • Any weight loss is good –a few pounds is great

    • Many people are discouraged by wanting to lose “too” much

    • Ideal weight for a 6 foot man is 175 pounds

    • Ideal weight for a 5’6” woman is 130 pounds


Sugar related diseases

Exercise


Diabetes

Diabetes

  • All cells in the body need a continuous supply of energy to carry out normal body functions.

  • Glucose, a simple sugar derived from the foods we eat, is the primary source of cellular energy.

  • Glucose is transported throughout the body by the bloodstream.


Diabetes1

Diabetes

  • Diabetes is a serious medical condition characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood.

  • Glucose is a simple sugar that comes from the food you eat.

  • When your stomach digests food, glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream.

  • The glucose circulates in your blood and serves as the main source of fuel for all the cells in your body.


Sugar related diseases

  • However, glucose cannot get inside cells by itself.

  • Glucose needs insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, to transport it from blood into cells.

  • Diabetes occurs when the pancreas either can't produce any insulin at all, can't produce enough insulin, or the body can't use the insulin it makes.

  • When any of these happens, glucose builds up in the blood.

  • This is a condition known as hyperglycemia. The result is that the body lacks the fuel it needs.


Sugar related diseases

  • Diabetes occurs when the pancreas either can't produce any insulin at all, can't produce enough insulin, or the body can't use the insulin it makes.

  • When any of these happens, glucose builds up in the blood.

  • This is a condition known as hyperglycemia. The result is that the body lacks the fuel it needs.


3 kinds of diabetes

3 Kinds of Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes -- Usually starts in childhood and accounts for 5 to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

  • Diabetics produce little or no insulin and therefore must use insulin daily to control their condition.

  • Also they can develop an “acid” condition called diabetic ketoacidosis of DKA which can be life threatening


Type i diabetes

Type I Diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes most often starts in childhood, before the age of 20. People with Type 1 diabetes usually have a number of the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination

  • Excessive thirst

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Extreme hunger

  • Sudden vision changes

  • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet

  • Feeling very tired much of the time

  • Very dry skin

  • Sores that are slow to heal

  • More infections than usual

  • Nausea, vomiting, and stomach pains


Type i diabetes1

Type I Diabetes

  • Therefore, people with Type 1 diabetes must use insulin daily.

  • If they miss their injections or take too much, the levels of glucose in the blood can fluctuate out of control, getting very high or very low. . . and leading to emergency medical situations.


3 kinds of diabetes1

3 Kinds of Diabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes -- Usually starts in adulthood, and many of these people don't even know they have diabetes. It is much more common than Type 1, accounting for 90 to 95% of cases.

  • Often controlled with diet and exercise, and sometimes oral drugs or insulin.

  • These people are often very obese.

  • They tend not to have the acid condition called DKA


3 kinds of diabetes2

3 Kinds of Diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes -- Some women develop this form of diabetes when they are pregnant.

  • Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, but the woman is then at higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes later in her life.


Long term complications

Long Term Complications

  • Serious health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, blindness, amputations, kidney disease, and nerve damage.


Heart disease and stroke

Heart Disease and Stroke

  • Over a period of years, diabetes can have a big impact on the heart and blood vessels.

  • The problem needs to be taken seriously -- people with diabetes are at high risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or heart failure

  • Heart disease and related complications are the leading cause of death in people with diabetes.


Kidney disease

Kidney Disease

  • The kidneys filter and clean blood.

  • Not surprisingly, having too much glucose in the blood puts a strain on them.

  • Over time, this can actually lead to kidney failure.

  • When this happens, dialysis or a kidney transplant may be needed.


Blindness

Blindness

  • Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults.

  • The most common eye disorder in diabetes is retinopathy

  • A weakened blood vessel may bulge out.

  • The blood vessel may rupture

  • Either of these can cause vision problems.


Nerve damage neuropathy

Nerve Damage - Neuropathy

  • Diabetes can damage the nerves and cause a complication called neuropathy.

  • Tingling and a burning sensations

  • Loss of sensitivity to warmth or cold

  • Numbness -- if the nerves are damaged enough, you may be unaware that a blister or minor wound has become infected.

  • Problems with bowel and bladder control

  • Impotence in men

  • Diabetics may even have a heart attack and not be able to feel any chest pain.


Poor circulation

Poor Circulation

  • People with diabetes are at risk for blood vessel injury, which may be severe enough to cause tissue damage in the legs and feet.

  • At that point, minor infections sometimes develop into deep tissue injuries that may even require surgery.

  • In extreme cases, amputation of the foot or limb may be necessary.


Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

  • The metabolic syndrome is characterized by a group of metabolic risk factors in one person.  They include:

    • Central obesity (excessive fat tissue in and around the abdomen)

    • Dyslipidemia - high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol — that foster plaque buildups in artery walls

    • Insulin resistance or glucose intolerance – high blood sugar

    • Raised blood pressure (130/80 mmHg or higher)

    • Inflammatory state - elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the blood


Metabolic syndrome1

Metabolic Syndrome

  • People with the metabolic syndrome die early deaths

    • Keep your weight normal

    • Exercise – this is the most important thing a human being can do for good health

    • Watch your sugar intake – eat nutritiously

    • Waist size should be 40 inches or less

    • Watch blood pressure – take medicine if needed

    • Cholesterol should be 180 or less

    • HDL Cholesterol should be 40 or higher

    • LDS Cholesterol should be 100 or less


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