Blood Borne Pathogens
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Blood Borne Pathogens. HIV. AIDS. B. H epatitis. C. H epatitis. AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton. HIV. /. AIDS. H -. Human. I -. Immunodeficiency. V -. Virus. A -. Acquired. I -. Immuno. D -. Deficiency. S -. Syndrome. AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton. HIV. /. AIDS.

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H epatitis

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Blood Borne Pathogens

HIV

AIDS

B

Hepatitis

C

Hepatitis

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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HIV

/

AIDS

H-

Human

I-

Immunodeficiency

V-

Virus

A-

Acquired

I-

Immuno

D-

Deficiency

S-

Syndrome

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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HIV

/

AIDS

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness that leaves people vulnerable to opportunistic infections and cancers

Approximately 58,000 people have tested positive for HIV in Canada

It is estimated that over 4,000 Canadians are infected withHIV every year

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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HIV

/

AIDS

HIV is transmitted through direct blood-to-blood or blood-to-body fluid contact with an infected individual

Body fluids containing HIV include:

-Blood

-Pre-ejaculate

- Ejaculate

-Vaginal fluid

- Breast milk

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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HIV

/

AIDS

Primary infection - also known as seroconversion - when you first become infected. You may experience transient flu-like symptoms for a few day to weeks

Asymptomatic infection - the period after seroconversion when you remain healthy without any symptoms of HIVdisease. This may last for many years. Although you remain well, the HIV virus continues to multiply

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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HIV

/

AIDS

Symptomatic infection - occurs as your immune system is becoming weakened by HIV. You may experience symptoms such as fatigue, night sweats, diarrhea, or weight loss

AIDS - involves severe symptoms such as wasting, opportunistic infections and cancers

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Hepatitis

HEPA TITIS

LIVER

INFLAMATION

Healthy Liver

Inflamed Liver

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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B

Hep

HBV is transmitted through blood-to-blood and blood-to-body fluid contact.

Many people infected withHBVnever feel sick and recover completely

Others get a brief, acute illness with fatigue, loss of appetite and jaundice.

Less then 10% of infected adults will develop chronic HBV

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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B

Hep

Anyone chronically infected with HBV is considered a carrier of the virus.

A carrier of HBV may have trace amounts of the virus in their blood and body fluids for life.

There is a vaccine for HBV

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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C

Hep

HCV lives in the blood of an infected person and is transmitted through direct blood-to-blood contact

HCV remains a serious health issue; infecting approximately 300,000 Canadians

Approximately 5000 more Canadians are infected each year - mostly youth

HCV is 10 to 15 times more infectious then HIV

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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C

Hep

70% of all HCVinfections occur as a result of IV drug

Most people infected with HCV are unaware of there infectionand may be unknowingly transmitting the disease to others

There is no cure or vaccine for HCV

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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C

Hep

Virus no longer detected in 15%

Minor damage to liver

Acute HCV

Initial HCV Infection

Chronic HCV 85%

Liver failure

Cirrhosis

Liver cancer

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Methods of Transmission

Unprotected sex

Risk Reduction

Infection

Risk

Always practice safe sex, use condoms.

HIV

AIDS

HIGH

C

Hep

LOW

B

HIGH

Hep

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Methods of Transmission

Tattoos & Body Piercing

Risk Reduction

Infection

Risk

Always use new needles for tattoos and piercings

HIV

LOW

AIDS

Make sure a separate vile of ink is used for your tattoo

C

Hep

MEDIUM

Always use new jewelry

B

Hep

MEDIUM

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Methods of Transmission

Mother to Baby

Risk Reduction

Infection

Risk

Know your status, get tested

HIV

HIGH

AIDS

C

Hep

LOW

B

HIGH

Hep

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Testing

If you think you may have been exposed to HIV or Hepatitis C

GET TESTED!

The AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton is offering Anonymous HIV and Non-Nominal HBV and HCV testing.

1-877-597-9255

Toll free:

(902) 567-1123

Locally:

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Methods of Transmission

IV Drug Use

Risk Reduction

Infection

Risk

Abstain from IV drug use

HIV

Seek addiction treatment

AIDS

HIGH

Use Needle Exchange Program

C

Hep

HIGH

B

HIGH

Hep

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Additional Harms (Physical)

Occurs when a solid particle is drawn up and injected. The particle circulates and obscures vessels in the lungs.

Chalk Lung:

Abscesses/Skin Infection :

Occur when germs are pushed inward and form a pocket of pus under the skin.

Occurs when germs are pushed into the blood stream and settle on the valves of the heart.

Heart Infection:

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Additional Harms (Physical)

Occurs when cotton filters are reused and bacteria in the cotton is injected into the blood stream.

Cotton Fever:

Occurs when the user’s tolerance level is exceeded.

Overdose:

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Additional Harms (Social)

Homelessness

Loss of Support

Unemployment

Imprisonment

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Addiction

Pre-Contemplation: The individual is not considering change and may not realize they have a problem

Maintenance

Relapse

Relapse

Contemplation: The individualis thinking about change but may not be ready to take action

Pre-contemplation

Action

Planning & preparation: The individual is identifying realistic alternatives and removing obstacles.

Relapse

Relapse

Planning & preparation

Action: The individual works through the conflict between belief and action, and change begins

Contemplation

Relapse

Maintenance: The costs of making change, is re-identified in order to maintain change. Change continues and becomes normalized

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Programs & Services

Hold to traditional abstinence-based approaches

High Threshold :

Treatment initiatives with a structured regime centered on drug use and include both medical and social care

Medium Threshold :

Focus entirely on reducing the harms associated with drug use and the direct and indirect effects of drug use on the community

Low Threshold :

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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Questions

?

AIDS Coalition of Cape Breton


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