Personality disorders. Definition. Enduring patterns Deviated from expectations Pervasive & inflexible Onset in adolescent & early adulthood Leads to distress and impairment . Personality Trait vs. Personality Disorders.
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* Personality : may be described as a persons characteristics totality of emotional and behavioral traits apparent in ordinary life, a totality that is usually stable and predictable.
* Personality disorders :are diagnosed when personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive and significantly interfere with how a person functions in society or cause the person emotional distress. They usually are not diagnosed until adulthood, when personality is more completely formed.
Personality disorders are organized into three clusters:
2. Environmental factors:
3. Biogenetic factors:
Mistrust and suspicions of others; guarded, restricted affect
Dramatic emotional expression, seeking attention, wants to impress others
Low self-esteem, and fear of rejection.
Excessive reliance on others for social support, fear separation and avoided responsibilities.
which leads to submissive and clinging behavior and
fears of separation.