Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement

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Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement

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1. Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement Terry Egan, Ed. D. Chair, PNEMA Executive Task Force

2. Agenda United States—Canada Agreements. Features of PNEMA. Annex B of PNEMA. Governance Structure.

3. Early Canada—US Agreements 1940—Ogdensburg Agreement: Established the Permanent Joint Board of Defence. 1941—Hyde Park Declaration: Coordination of wartime production programs. 1949—Joint US/Canada Industrial Mobilization Committee. 1950—Statement of Principles for Economic Cooperation. 1951—Joint US/Canada Civil Defense Committee established.

4. More Recent Agreements 1986 Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada on Cooperation and Comprehensive Civil Emergency Planning and Management (Updated 2008). 1998 Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement (PNEMA).

5. Major Features of PNEMA Coordination of emergency preparedness, response, and recovery through a regional approach. Established Western Regional Emergency Management Advisory Committee (Annex A). Set eight cooperative principles. Replaced a “hodge-podge” of mutual aid agreements and MOUs (memorandum of understanding). Allowed for additional annexes.

6. PNEMA Commitment Coordinate and maintain supporting plans. Participate in and/or observe regional exercises. Emergency and/or disaster support.

7. Benefits of PNEMA Maximizes use of available regional resources. Expedites timely and flexible cross-border emergency preparedness, response, and recovery deployment. Enhances Pacific Northwest regional relationships.

8. Limitations of PNEMA Does not replace federal support. Does not permit use of National Guard resources. Does not alter operational direction and control.

9. Potential Applications Cross-border planning and exercising. Emergency operations and support center. Damage and impact assessment. Disaster recovery administration. Community outreach. Search and rescue. Medical. Debris clearance. Resources and donations management. Security.

10. Cooperative Principles Each signatory may seek the assistance of another. May request exemption of others’ laws that impede emergency measures. Will use best efforts to facilitate movement. Will use efforts to provide others’ citizens health and social services.

11. Cooperative Principles Avoid levying taxes and/or fees on mutual aid activities. Costs for assistance will not exceed what the provider normally pays. Exchange of lists and plans. Invite others to observe or participate in exercises.

12. Other Mutual Aid Agreements Memorandum of Cooperation Between British Columbia and Washington State for oil pollution. MOU between BC and Washington State for wildfire suppression. Compact between Oregon and Washington States for use of offenders in wildfire suppression. Agreement between Oregon and Washington States for reciprocal fire protection.

13. ANNEX B The language and articles of EMAC. Initially introduced in 2002. Presented to the WREMAC in 2004. Signed in 2006-2007. Governance structure approved in 2007. Operations Manual approved in 2008.

14. Annex B Select Provisions Article IV “. . . the signatory rendering aid may withhold or recall resources to the extent necessary to provide reasonable protection for itself.” Article V “. . . license, certificate, or other permit . . . such person is deemed to be licensed, certified, or permitted by the signatory requesting assistance . . .” Article VIII “. . . signatory shall provide . . . for the payment of worker’s compensation and death benefits to injured members of the emergency forces of that signatory . . . in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury were sustained within their own signatories.”

15. Annex B Select Provisions Article IX “. . . any signatory rendering aid . . . be reimbursed by the signatory receiving such aid for any loss or damage to or expense incurred . . .”

16. Governance Structure

17. Governance Structure Prinicples Respect for national sovereignty. A quorum is 66% of members including at least one provence. All votes must be unanimous. Simplicity. Two officers: Chair and Chair-elect. Annual meeting at WREMAC and periodic telephonic meetings.

18. Catastrophic Operational Employment International Coordination Group. A-Team: Executive. Operations. Logistics. Finance/Administration. Planning.

19. Next Steps Training: Teleconference with British Columbia. Teleconference with Yukon. Exercises: Add on to existing exercises.

20. Summary PNEMA is built upon existing regional relationships and makes them stronger. PNEMA does not supplant existing protocols such as those used for wild land fires. PNEMA operational protocols are designed to be simple, user-friendly and familiar.

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