Terrorism in the 21 st Century: An Introduction. DoD Disclaimer. Notes: - The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not purport to reflect the position of the United States Military Academy, the Department of the Army, or the Department of Defense.
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- The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not purport to reflect the position of the United States Military Academy, the Department of the Army, or the Department of Defense.
The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property in an attempt to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives
“You have to be lucky everyday – We only have to be lucky once” - IRA Bomber
New York, World Trade CenterFebruary 26, 19936 Dead, 1,042 Injured
Oklahoma CityMurrah Federal Building,19 April 1995168 Dead, 490 Injured
Matsumoto, JapanMarch, 1994
7 Dead, 34 Injured
Tokyo, JapanTeito Rapid Transit Authority (Subway System)March 20, 199512 Dead, 5,000 Injured
Sarin gas kills by paralyzing muscles so that a person cannot breathe.
Sarin enters the body by inhalation, ingestion, and through the eyes and skin.
Symptoms begin with watery eyes, drooling, and excessive sweating, and then rapidly progress to difficulty in breathing, dimness of vision, nausea, vomiting, twitching, and headache.
Ultimately the victim will become comatose and suffocate as a consequence of convulsive spasms.
200 Americans, Kenyans, and Tanzanians deadOver 5,000 injured
2,973 Dead, and 10,000+ Injured
Attack on U.S. Consulate
14 Dead, including11 French engineers
12 Dead50 Injured
202 Dead350 Injured
Citizens from 21 countries, mostly Western tourists, were killed in the blasts
44 Dead107 Injured
12 Dead60 Injured
J.W. Marriott Hotel, Jakarta
Attack on Security Services Headquarters
3 simultaneous suicide car bomb attacks on Al-Muhayaapartment complex
4 Dead148 Injured
17 Dead122 Injured
27 Dead400 Injured
Primary Targets: British consulate and the HSBC bank headquarters
191 Dead1,035 Injured
9 Dead173 Injured
Australian Embassy was primary target
54 Dead716 Injured
Intentionally killing oneself for the purpose of killing others, in the service of a political or ideological goal
- Sri LankaTrends: 1980s
- Saudi Arabia
- U.S.Trends: 1990-2005
“We couldn’t stay there and run the risk of another suicide attack on the Marines.”
-- Ronald Reagan, An American Life
Counterterrorism Strategy Post-9/11
Question: Once we understand the threat, how do we address it?
Answer: We employ all the instruments of national power available to us.