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Millennium Development Goals and the PV Industry: Is the Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless? . Anil Cabraal Lead Energy Specialist The World Bank. Plenary Session: Global Aspects of PV Electricity 21 st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition September 8, 2006.

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Millennium development goals and the pv industry is the motivation self interest or selfless l.jpg

Millennium Development Goals and the PV Industry: Is the Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

Anil Cabraal

Lead Energy Specialist

The World Bank

Plenary Session: Global Aspects of PV Electricity

21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition

September 8, 2006


Outline l.jpg
Outline Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • World Bank Group & Renewable Energy

  • MDGs & Energy Access Challenge

  • Potential for Off-grid PV

  • Limitations of Current Approaches

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusions


The world bank group l.jpg

MIGA Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

ICSID

International

Development

Association

(IDA)

International

Finance

Corporation (IFC)

The World Bank Group

Two of the development objectives:

Poverty Reduction and Environmental Improvement


Wbg photovoltaic projects l.jpg
WBG Photovoltaic Projects Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

Serving >1,43 million HH + Facilities ~7.5 million persons ~64 MWp 31 Countries Total Value: ~$776 million

Bangladesh 198,000

Cambodia 10,000

China 400,000

India 45,000+

Indonesia 8,500

Laos 4,000

Mongolia 50,000

Pacific Islands 21,000

Philippines 135,000

PNG 2,500

Sri Lanka 105,000

Vietnam

Burkina Faso 8,000

Cape Verde 4,500

Ethiopia 6,300

Kenya

Madagascar 15,000

Mali 10,000

Morocco

Mozambique 9,800

Senegal 10,000

Swaziland 2,000

Uganda 90,000

Tanzania 140,000

Argentina 30,000

Bolivia 60,000

Ecuador 2,200

Honduras

Dominican Rep.

Mexico 1,000

Mexico 36,000

Nicaragua 6,000

Includes projects completed, under implementation and preparation


The electricity access challenge l.jpg
The Electricity Access Challenge Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?


Potential for off grid pv l.jpg
Potential for Off-Grid PV Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • Four out of Five people without access to electricity live in dispersed rural communities.

  • Off-grid PV can:

    • Be less costly

    • Be deployed rapidly

    • Build on existing public and private institutional capacity

  • Numerous opportunities for PV industry in developing world – For example…

    • Africa Access Plan

    • China Township & Village Electrification Programs

    • India Rajiv Gandhi Rural Electrification Program

    • Philippines Missionary Electrification Development Plan


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Limitations of Current Approaches Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • High cost of non-competitive awards

  • Limited leverage of donor resources

  • Give away systems - No ownership

  • Parachute-in technology – inadequate attention to long term sustainability

  • Inadequate community consultation

  • Pilot projects too small to be sustainable


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Recommendations (1) Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • Convince decision-makers of value of PV for development

  • Build trust - Improve dialogue among key players, government, community, private sector

  • Build partnerships – local firms and financial institutions

  • Move from a project-oriented to market/ programmatic approach


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Recommendations (2) Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • Leverage funding

  • Adhere to quality standards for both products and services

  • Avoid technology dumping and ensure long term financial sustainability of investments

  • Arrange for long term operation

  • Take advantage of local capacities


Conclusions l.jpg
Conclusions Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

  • Many opportunities for PV industry in developing world to contribute to MDGs and increase business and profitably

  • Will require thinking beyond boundaries and timeframes of an individual project.


Thank you l.jpg
Thank You! Motivation Self-Interest or Selfless?

http://www.worldbank.org/energy

http://www.worldbank.org/re

http://www.worldbank.org/retoolkit


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