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Exploring the Basics of Windows XP. Objectives. Start Windows XP and tour the desktop Explore the Start menu Run software programs, switch between them, and close them Manipulate windows Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes. Objectives.

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Exploring the basics of windows xp

Exploring the Basicsof Windows XP

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Objectives

Objectives

  • Start Windows XP and tour the desktop

  • Explore the Start menu

  • Run software programs, switch between them, and close them

  • Manipulate windows

  • Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Objectives1

Objectives

  • Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer

  • Change the view of the items in your computer

  • Get help when you need it

  • Shut down Windows

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp

Starting Windows XP

  • Windows XP

    • Starts when computer is turned on

    • Elements of the desktop

      • Icon

      • Pointer

      • Desktop

      • Date/Time control

      • Taskbar

      • Start button

      • Notification area

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp1

Starting Windows XP

Figure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp2

Starting Windows XP

  • Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface

  • Graphical user interface (GUI)

    • Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer

      • Icons: Pictures of familiar objects

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


The windows xp desktop

The Windows XP Desktop

  • Desktop

    • Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts

    • A workspace for projects and tools

    • Uses default settings when the computer is first started

      • Default settings: settings preset by the operating system

    • Appearance can be changed by the user

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using a pointing device

Using a Pointing Device

  • A pointing device

    • Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen

    • Comes in many shapes and sizes

  • Mouse

    • Most common pointing device

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Pointing

Pointing

  • Pointing device

    • Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop

  • Pointing

    • Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Pointing1

Pointing

  • ScreenTips

    • Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects

    • Display the purpose or function of the object

    • Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Clicking

Clicking

  • Clicking

    • Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it

  • Menu

    • A list of options which can be used to perform tasks

    • Submenus

  • Start menu

    • Appears when the Start button is clicked

    • Provides access to programs, documents, etc.

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Clicking1

Clicking

Figure 1-6 shows the Start menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting

Selecting

  • Selecting a menu command

    • Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP

      • Pointing to an object

      • Pointing to and then clicking an object

    • A selected object is highlighted

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting1

Selecting

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Viewing the contents of the recycle bin

Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin

  • Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin

  • Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Viewing the contents of the recycle bin1

Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Right clicking

Right-Clicking

  • Right-clicking

    • Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse

    • Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu

      • Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Right clicking1

Right-Clicking

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Exploring the start menu

Exploring the Start menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program

Starting and Closing a Program

  • Starting a program

    • A program must be started before it can be used

    • To start a program

      • Click the Start button

      • Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus

  • An open or running program

    • A program which has been started

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program1

Starting and Closing a Program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program2

Starting and Closing a Program

  • Program button

    • Appears on the taskbar for each open program

    • Click to switch between open programs

  • Close button

    • Located in the upper-right corner of the program window

    • Click to close the program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program3

Starting and Closing a Program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Running multiple programs

Running Multiple Programs

  • Multitasking

    • Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time

    • Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time

    • The active program is the one you are currently using

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Switching between programs

Switching Between Programs

  • Program buttons

    • Located on the taskbar

    • Offer the easiest way to switch between programs

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Closing inactive programs from the taskbar

Closing Inactive Programs from the Taskbar

  • Options for closing a program

    • Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window

    • Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window

Anatomy of a Window

  • A window

    • A rectangular area of the screen that may contain

      • A program

      • Text

      • Graphics

      • Data

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window1

Anatomy of a Window

  • Controls

    • Located in a window

    • Graphical or textual objects used for

      • Manipulating the window

      • Using the program

    • Examples

      • Menu bar

      • Sizing buttons

      • Status bar

      • Title bar

      • Toolbar

      • Workspace

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window2

Anatomy of a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Manipulating a window

Manipulating a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Moving a window

Moving a Window

  • To drag an object

    • Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse

  • To move a window

    • Drag the window by its title bar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the size of a window

Changing the Size of a Window

  • Options for changing a window’s size

    • Sizing handle

      • Located at the lower-right corner of the window

    • Window borders

      • Can be dragged left, right, up, or down

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the size of a window1

Changing the Size of a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using program menus

Using Program Menus

  • Menus

    • Organize a program’s features and available functions

  • Menu bar

    • Typically located at the top of the program window

    • Shows the names of the menus

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu

Selecting Options from a Menu

  • Menu items or commands

    • Choices for a menu

    • Appear when a menu name is clicked

    • Possible actions when clicked

      • Immediately carry out an action

      • Show submenus

      • Ask the user for more information about the desired action

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu1

Selecting Options from a Menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu2

Selecting Options from a Menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using toolbars

Using Toolbars

  • Toolbars in the program window

    • Provide one-click access to frequently used commands

    • Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks

  • To perform a command

    • Select a toolbar button by clicking it

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using list boxes and scroll bars

Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars

  • List box

    • Displays a list of available choices

    • Usually includes

      • Array buttons

      • A scroll bar

      • A scroll box

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using list boxes and scroll bars1

Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using dialog box controls

Using Dialog Box Controls

  • Dialog box

    • Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected

    • Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task

    • Groups different kinds of information in panes

      • Panes: bordered rectangular areas

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using dialog box controls1

Using Dialog Box Controls

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Exploring your computer

Exploring Your Computer

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the view

Changing the View

  • Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help

Using Help

  • Windows XP Help

    • Provides on-screen information about programs

    • Available by

      • Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu

  • Windows Help and Support Center window

    • Provides access to

      • Help files stored on the computer

      • Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help1

Using Help

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help2

Using Help

  • Windows XP Help and Support window

    • Organizes information into pages

      • Home page

      • Index page

      • Favorites page

      • History page

      • Support page

      • Options page

    • Search box

      • Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Shutting down windows xp

Shutting Down Windows XP

  • Turn Off Computer option

    • Located on the Start menu

    • Turns off the computer

  • Log Off option

    • Located on the Start menu

    • Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


  • Login