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Exploring the Basics of Windows XP. Objectives. Start Windows XP and tour the desktop Explore the Start menu Run software programs, switch between them, and close them Manipulate windows Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes. Objectives.

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Exploring the basics of windows xp

Exploring the Basicsof Windows XP

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Objectives
Objectives

  • Start Windows XP and tour the desktop

  • Explore the Start menu

  • Run software programs, switch between them, and close them

  • Manipulate windows

  • Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Objectives1
Objectives

  • Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer

  • Change the view of the items in your computer

  • Get help when you need it

  • Shut down Windows

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp
Starting Windows XP

  • Windows XP

    • Starts when computer is turned on

    • Elements of the desktop

      • Icon

      • Pointer

      • Desktop

      • Date/Time control

      • Taskbar

      • Start button

      • Notification area

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp1
Starting Windows XP

Figure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting windows xp2
Starting Windows XP

  • Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface

  • Graphical user interface (GUI)

    • Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer

      • Icons: Pictures of familiar objects

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


The windows xp desktop
The Windows XP Desktop

  • Desktop

    • Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts

    • A workspace for projects and tools

    • Uses default settings when the computer is first started

      • Default settings: settings preset by the operating system

    • Appearance can be changed by the user

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using a pointing device
Using a Pointing Device

  • A pointing device

    • Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen

    • Comes in many shapes and sizes

  • Mouse

    • Most common pointing device

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Pointing
Pointing

  • Pointing device

    • Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop

  • Pointing

    • Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Pointing1
Pointing

  • ScreenTips

    • Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects

    • Display the purpose or function of the object

    • Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Clicking
Clicking

  • Clicking

    • Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it

  • Menu

    • A list of options which can be used to perform tasks

    • Submenus

  • Start menu

    • Appears when the Start button is clicked

    • Provides access to programs, documents, etc.

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Clicking1
Clicking

Figure 1-6 shows the Start menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting
Selecting

  • Selecting a menu command

    • Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP

      • Pointing to an object

      • Pointing to and then clicking an object

    • A selected object is highlighted

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting1
Selecting

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Viewing the contents of the recycle bin
Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin

  • Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin

  • Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Viewing the contents of the recycle bin1
Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Right clicking
Right-Clicking

  • Right-clicking

    • Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse

    • Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu

      • Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Right clicking1
Right-Clicking

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Exploring the start menu
Exploring the Start menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program
Starting and Closing a Program

  • Starting a program

    • A program must be started before it can be used

    • To start a program

      • Click the Start button

      • Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus

  • An open or running program

    • A program which has been started

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program1
Starting and Closing a Program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program2
Starting and Closing a Program

  • Program button

    • Appears on the taskbar for each open program

    • Click to switch between open programs

  • Close button

    • Located in the upper-right corner of the program window

    • Click to close the program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Starting and closing a program3
Starting and Closing a Program

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Running multiple programs
Running Multiple Programs

  • Multitasking

    • Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time

    • Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time

    • The active program is the one you are currently using

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Switching between programs
Switching Between Programs

  • Program buttons

    • Located on the taskbar

    • Offer the easiest way to switch between programs

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Closing inactive programs from the taskbar
Closing Inactive Programs from the Taskbar

  • Options for closing a program

    • Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window

    • Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window
Anatomy of a Window

  • A window

    • A rectangular area of the screen that may contain

      • A program

      • Text

      • Graphics

      • Data

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window1
Anatomy of a Window

  • Controls

    • Located in a window

    • Graphical or textual objects used for

      • Manipulating the window

      • Using the program

    • Examples

      • Menu bar

      • Sizing buttons

      • Status bar

      • Title bar

      • Toolbar

      • Workspace

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Anatomy of a window2
Anatomy of a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Manipulating a window
Manipulating a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Moving a window
Moving a Window

  • To drag an object

    • Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse

  • To move a window

    • Drag the window by its title bar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the size of a window
Changing the Size of a Window

  • Options for changing a window’s size

    • Sizing handle

      • Located at the lower-right corner of the window

    • Window borders

      • Can be dragged left, right, up, or down

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the size of a window1
Changing the Size of a Window

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using program menus
Using Program Menus

  • Menus

    • Organize a program’s features and available functions

  • Menu bar

    • Typically located at the top of the program window

    • Shows the names of the menus

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu
Selecting Options from a Menu

  • Menu items or commands

    • Choices for a menu

    • Appear when a menu name is clicked

    • Possible actions when clicked

      • Immediately carry out an action

      • Show submenus

      • Ask the user for more information about the desired action

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu1
Selecting Options from a Menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Selecting options from a menu2
Selecting Options from a Menu

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using toolbars
Using Toolbars

  • Toolbars in the program window

    • Provide one-click access to frequently used commands

    • Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks

  • To perform a command

    • Select a toolbar button by clicking it

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using list boxes and scroll bars
Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars

  • List box

    • Displays a list of available choices

    • Usually includes

      • Array buttons

      • A scroll bar

      • A scroll box

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using list boxes and scroll bars1
Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using dialog box controls
Using Dialog Box Controls

  • Dialog box

    • Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected

    • Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task

    • Groups different kinds of information in panes

      • Panes: bordered rectangular areas

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using dialog box controls1
Using Dialog Box Controls

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Exploring your computer
Exploring Your Computer

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Changing the view
Changing the View

  • Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help
Using Help

  • Windows XP Help

    • Provides on-screen information about programs

    • Available by

      • Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu

  • Windows Help and Support Center window

    • Provides access to

      • Help files stored on the computer

      • Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help1
Using Help

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Using help2
Using Help

  • Windows XP Help and Support window

    • Organizes information into pages

      • Home page

      • Index page

      • Favorites page

      • History page

      • Support page

      • Options page

    • Search box

      • Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


Shutting down windows xp
Shutting Down Windows XP

  • Turn Off Computer option

    • Located on the Start menu

    • Turns off the computer

  • Log Off option

    • Located on the Start menu

    • Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on

Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP


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