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Euthanasia PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Euthanasia. Passive Euthanasia: refusing to continue medical treatment, leading to death Voluntary Active Euthanasia: Killing someone with their consent for the sake of relieving suffering.

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Euthanasia

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Euthanasia

  • Passive Euthanasia: refusing to continue medical treatment, leading to death

  • Voluntary Active Euthanasia: Killing someone with their consent for the sake of relieving suffering.

  • Non-voluntary Active Euthanasia: killing a person not competent to give consent in order to relieve suffering

  • Involuntary Active Euthanasia: killing someone for the sake of relieving suffering without consent when they are capable of giving consent.


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Reasons to support Vol. Active Euthanasia

  • Voluntary euthanasia grants a person greater self-determination over their life (and death)

    A large part of human dignity lies in the ability people have to control their own lives.

    2 Sometimes a person may legitimately judge that they are better off dead. Euthanasia allows these people an escape from horrendous suffering.


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  • Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of an innocent person and therefore wrong.

  • Brock: All deliberate killing of an innocent is not wrong. Passive voluntary euthanasia is allowed to be permissible, and that is killing, too

  • But is passive euthanasia killing


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Is there a moral difference between killing and letting die?

  • Brock: both are killing. A greedy son who takes life support away from his mother is just as guilty of murder as one who “actively” kills.

  • Is this true?

  • Maybe in this case the culpability is the same. But there might still be a difference.


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  • Callahan: ending treatment cannot be killing because the case of death is not the end of treatment, but the underlying disease


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Good consequences of euthanasia

  • It would be possible to respect the self-determination of competent patients who want it.

  • It would reassure the large number of people who want to have the option of euthanasia

  • Some pain and suffering can only be relieved by euthanasia (psychological as well as physical pain).


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Potential bad consequences

  • Undermine moral center of medicine, “first, do no harm”

  • Weaken society’s commitment to provide care for dying patients (its easier to kill them)

    Some patients may feel pressured to accept death because of a felt burden

    There may be a slip into non-voluntary euthanasia


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  • Brock: voluntary euthanasia would likely increase patients faith in medicine, not decrease it.

  • Availability of pass euthanasia has not resulted in a loss of the quality of care for dying patients. Also the avail of passive euthanasia has not lead to large percentages of people taking this option


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  • The slip to non-voluntary euthanasia can be made less likely by the guidelines on page 87

  • But its true the reasons for voluntary euthanasia may also apply to non-voluntary euthanasia (a surrogate making the decision for an incompetent patient.

  • Brock thinks non-voluntary euth. May be justified in some cases.


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