Ecosystem Management. Keys to Reserve Management. Once a reserve is established, the job has only begun – 4 major factors must be managed to maintain reserve populations: 1. Human visitors 2. Natural disturbances 3. Water regimes 4. Exotic species and overabundant natives.
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Once a reserve is established, the job has only begun – 4 major factors must be managed to maintain reserve populations:
1. Human visitors
2. Natural disturbances
3. Water regimes
4. Exotic species and overabundant natives
The Olympic Mountain endemics Campanula piperi (bellfiower; upper) and Viola flettii (Flett's violet) occupy rock crevices in the subalpine and alpine zones of the Olympic Mountains. The bellflower is known to be eaten by mountain goats (photos from NPS).
Ecological restoration is the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed.
- Society for Ecological Restoration Primer 2002
1. larger founder populations are more successful
2. habitat suitability is important
3. increased number and sizes of clutches (litters) enhances success of establishment
4. herbivores are more successfully established than carnivores
5. competing species in an area may prevent successful establishment
1. Set a goal
2. Determine a strategy and methods
3. Remove the source of degradation
4. Restore the physical environment
5. Restore the biota
6. Be patient – restoration takes time