Dynamic Planning & Execution
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Dynamic Planning & Execution Presented to KSCO 2007 1 st May 2007, Waltham, MA. Major Andy Aitken, Dstl Todd Humiston, AFRL Jitu Patel, Dstl. Outline. Background A Military Perspective of DP&E Conceptual Model Example Application Domains Issues & Challenges Conclusions. Background.

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Dynamic Planning & Execution

Presented to KSCO 2007

1st May 2007, Waltham, MA

Major Andy Aitken, Dstl

Todd Humiston, AFRL

Jitu Patel, Dstl


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Outline

  • Background

  • A Military Perspective of DP&E

  • Conceptual Model

  • Example Application Domains

  • Issues & Challenges

  • Conclusions


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Background

  • Summation of TTCP AG1 work


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The Technical Cooperation Program

  • Formed in 1957

  • Aim – to foster cooperation in the science and technology needed for conventional national defence

  • Purpose – to enhance national defence at reduced cost

  • TTCP Nations – AUS, CAN, NZ, UK, US

  • Action Group 1 formed in 2003



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Background (2)

  • Summation of TTCP AG1 work

  • Contemporary Operating Environment

    • Disorder, Complexity & Uncertainty

  • Constantly changing situation

  • Agility required

  • Planning & Execution processes


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A Military Perspective of DP&E

  • Short Study – UK operational community

  • No official definition


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AG1 Definition of DP&E

“The capability to continuously develop, analyse, select and flexibly execute a robust course of action based on a commander’s evolving intent, situational awareness and capabilities.”


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A Military Perspective of DP&E (2)

  • Short Study – UK operational community

  • No official definition

  • Concepts & Doctrine

  • Recent Operational Experience

    • Dynamic Environment – planning time reduced

    • Planning process needs adaptation

    • Require capability to plan quickly





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Impact of a change in the situation

  • Already alter execution – technology?

  • Information exchange: J5/J35/J3

  • Replanning takes time - speed

  • Maximum use of ‘old’ plan

  • How can technology support the human to plan quicker and better following change?


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Example Application Domains

  • Identify potential areas for collaboration

  • Common interest

    • Effects Based Operations

    • Logistics for Agile Forces

    • Wide Area Time Sensitive Airspace Coordination

  • WATSAC & DP&E


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Wide Area Time Sensitive Airspace Coordination (WATSAC)

  • Airspace Management/Coordination

  • Resolution of conflicts

    • Deconfliction of airspace during initial planning

    • Centralised, inefficient process

  • Improvements in technology

    • Near real time plan representation & coordination

    • Dynamic airspace deconfliction

    • Cooperative airborne ISR missions


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Issues & Challenges

Issues central to having a DP&E capability:

  • Subjectivity

  • Static Representation

    • Timeliness

    • Residual value

  • Coordination


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Issues & Challenges (2)

  • Plan Representation Languages

    • Capture context, assumptions & decision rationale

    • Link components & levels of comd

    • Facilitation of human/machine exchanges

  • Multi Agent Coordination

    • Architectures & lack of unified framework

    • Constrained environments

    • Uncertain/open environments


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Conclusions

  • DP&E is not well understood

  • Desirable military capability

  • Richer plan representation

  • Application of coordination mechanisms

  • How can technology better enable us to execute plans in a dynamic environment?



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