Computers and learning This presentation is designed to introduce you to some of the basic ideas associated with computers and learning. This lecture is backed up with more detailed information that has been placed at the course web-site: http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/edskas/
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This presentation is designed to introduce you to some of the basic ideas associated with computers and learning.
This lecture is backed up with more detailed information that has been placed at the course web-site:
Pavlov and classical conditioning (1902)
Thorndike and associationism (1898; 1912)
Watson and behaviourism (1918)
Piaget and constructivism (1929)
Vygotsky and constructivism (1930)
Audio Visual Instruction: theories of realism (1950)
Skinner and programmed learning (1954)
Computer-based instruction e.g. ILS (1960s - 2004)
Papert and LOGO (1980)
Computer Mediated Communication e.g. the internet and e-mail (1990s)
1943 Modern computing can probably be traced back to the Colossus an electronic computer built in Britain at the end 1943 and designed to crack the German coding system - Lorenz cipher.
An interesting brief history of the computer-based learning projects that led to integrated learning systems is at:
IBM PartnershipIn 1963, IBM established a partnership with Stanford University's Institute for Mathematical Studies in the Social Sciences (IMSSS), directed by Patrick Suppes, to develop the first comprehensive CAI elementary school curriculum which was implemented on a large scale in schools in both California and Mississippi.
Computer Curriculum Corporation (CCC)In 1967, the Computer Curriculum Corporation (CCC) was formed to market the materials developed through the IBM partnership.
The programmes from this 1963 project have been refined over 40 years and have been studied in UK schools (research results will be presented later in this programme).
Click below to be taken to examples of the software available. When you quit the examples you will return to this page in the programme.
Click here forexamples of softwaredeveloped from this programme and available through the SuccessMaker programme distributed by Research Machines in the UK
The UK ILS Evaluations: Final Report, BECTa, 1998 (ISBN 1853794147).qJIUC W8
Integrated learning systems : a report on phase II of the pilot evaluation of ILS in the UK, NCET, 1996 (ISBN 1853793582) Coventry : NCET. JIUC I6
Integrated learning systems : a report of the pilot evaluation of ILS in the UK - January 1994 to July 1994 / compiled by the National Council for Educational Technology, 1994 (ISBN/ISSN 1853793108), Coventry : NCET. JIUC I6
Useful books on ILS:
Integrated learning systems : potential into practice / edited by Jean D.M. Underwood, Jenny Brown, 1997, (ISBN 0435096907) Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Educational Technology. JIUC I6
ILS : a guide to good practice, McFarlane, Angela, 1999 (ISBN 1853794309), Coventry : British Educational Communications and Technology Agency. q JIUC M1
The following slides have extracts from the UK evaluations of (mainly) the SuccessMaker Integrated Learning System.
There are copies (3) of each report (see previous slide for details) in the Brynmor Jones Library at Hull.
Effect Size over 18 months = +0.8
Kulik, J. A. (1994): Meta-analytic studies of findings on Computer-based learning [Chapter 1, p 9-33]. In E. L. Baker and H. F. O’Neil (Eds) Technology Assessment in Education and Training. New Jersey: Lawrence ErlbaumCOPY IN SHORT LOAN COLLECTION
Kulik, 1994: Meta-analytic studies of findings on Computer-based learning
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