Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 75

BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level I Curriculum PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 134 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level I Curriculum. Injury Prevention for Athletes with Physical Disabilities. We would like to thank the following people for their contributions to the content of this presentation: Ben Johnson, EdD, CDSS Professor and Chair

Download Presentation

BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level I Curriculum

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

BlazeSports Institute

for Applied Science

CDSS Level I Curriculum


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Injury Prevention for Athletes with Physical Disabilities


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

We would like to thank the following people for their contributions to the content of this presentation:

Ben Johnson, EdD, CDSS

Professor and Chair

Dept. of Physical Education and Exercise Science

Brooklyn College

City University of New York

Jackie McParlane, DO, FACOEP

Director - Emergency Medicine Residency Program

Botsford Hospital

Farmington Hills, MI


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Objectives

This session will provide basic sport science insights into how injuries occur in sport and physical activity and their prevention through proper planning and training and conditioning programs.

The goal is to provide the participant with an understanding of how acute and chronic injuries occur and ultimately can be reduced or even eliminated through sound planning and training.


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Objectives

The session participant will identify the areas of specialization under the sports medicine umbrella and learn the important components of the coach’s role in the absence of a Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC).

The session participant will learn about the relationship of stress and strain on musculoskeletal tissues and how each relates to both acute and chronic injuries.

The session participant will learn about the components of fitness and the principles of training and conditioning.

The session participant will learn to identify specific aspects of disability sport and physical activities that may contribute to injury. 


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Sports Medicine

The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) defines sports medicine as multidisciplinary, including the physiological, biomechanical, psychological, and pathological phenomena associated with exercise and sport.


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

What is Your Role?

Sports Medicine Team

Performance

Enhancement

Injury Care &

Management

Coaching

Physical Education

Sport Psychology

Personal Fitness Training

Strength & Conditioning

Sports Nutrition

Exercise Physiology

Biomechanics

Athletic Training

Sports Physical Therapy

Physician

Physicians Assistant

Sports Massage Therapy

Sports Dentistry

Osteopathic Medicine

Orthotists/Prosthetists

Sports Chiropractic


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

The Coach

  • Understand the role and responsibility of each person on the sports medicine team

  • Know the state laws surrounding the ability to function as a health care provider

  • Certified in CPR and First Aid

  • Directly responsible for injury prevention by ensuring athletes have the proper level of fitness to participate

  • Must engage in professional development


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

The Coach

When there is no Certified Athletic Trainer

  • Ensure the competitive environment (field of play) is as safe as possible

  • Educate parents and athletes about inherent risks related to participation

  • Ensure proper training and conditioning of athlete

  • Monitor environmental conditions to ensure safe participation

  • Selecting, properly fitting and maintaining equipment including protective equipment

  • Explain importance of proper nutrition and hydration


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Improper conditioning is one of the major causes of sports injuries!!


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

A FATIGUED athlete is more prone to injury!!


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

SAID Principle

  • Specific

  • Adaptations to

  • Imposed

  • Demands


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness

  • Flexibility

  • Muscular Fitness


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Cardiorespiratory (Energy) Fitness

    • Aerobic

    • Anaerobic


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness

    • Interval Training


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Flexibility

    • Static (passive)

    • Dynamic (active)


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Factors that Affect Flexibility

    • Anatomical

      • Joint structure, age, gender

        • Limited training affect

    • Training

      • Activity level, resistance training, stretching exercises


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Loading or ForceTensionCompressionShearBendingTorsionDeformationChange in shape/lengthElastic limits of bone, tendons, ligaments and cartilageFailure point of tissue

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

Stress and Strain on Tissue


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Serious injury of tissue begins

Force / Load

Micro-injury of tissue begins with frequent repetition in this range

Complete Failure of Tissue

Plastic Region

Elastic Region

Normal range for most people

Length/Deformation of Tissue


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Stretching Techniques

    • Passive

      • Static

    • Active

      • Ballistic

      • Dynamic

    • Combined

      • Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Static Stretching

    • Most common method

    • Excellent for increasing ROM

    • Appropriate for all athletes

    • Safest method of stretching due to slow, controlled movements

      • 30 second hold

      • 3-4 repetitions


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Ballistic Stretching

    • Bouncing movements

    • Stretch not held

    • Invokes stretch reflex

    • Higher potential for injury

    • NOT recommended for increasing flexibility

    • Different from plyometric training

      • Performed within existing ROM


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Dynamic Stretching

    • Functional, sport-specific movements

      • NO bouncing

    • Ideal during warm-up

      • Incorporate multiple joints

      • Maintain body temp

      • Time efficient

    • Not as effective for ROM increase as static or PNF stretching


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • PNF Stretching

    • First used in neuromuscular rehabilitation

      • Relax muscle with increased tone or activity

    • Can be ore effective than static stretching

    • Usually requires a partner

    • Three Types

      • Hold-Relax

      • Contract-Relax

      • Hold-Relax with Agonist Contraction


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Muscular Fitness

    • Flexibility

    • Strength

    • Power

    • Endurance


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

ForceMotion

Motion Energy

Energy Injury

Potential


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Strength

    • The maximal force a muscle group can generate at a specified velocity

  • Velocity (v) = change in position

  • change in time

  • v = displacement

  • time


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Strength

    • The maximal force a muscle group can generate at a specified velocity

  • Force (F) = mass x acceleration

  • acceleration (a) = change in velocity

  • change in time


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

F = m (v / t)

Maximize or Minimize Force???

Force = 

Mass = 

Change in Velocity = 

Time = 


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Power

    • The ability to generate force rapidly

  • Power = Work / time


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Endurance

    • The ability to perform repetitive muscular contractions against some resistance


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Muscle Balance

    • Train anterior and posterior muscles uniformly


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Components of Physical Fitness

  • Muscle Balance


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Warm-up/cooldown

  • Motivation

  • Overload

  • Consistency

  • Progression

  • Intensity

  • Specificity

  • Individuality

  • Stress

  • Safety


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Warm-up 15-20 min.

    • General

      • Increase heart rate, blood flow, body temp., respiration rate, perspiration and decrease joint viscosity

    • Stretching

      • Static Vs Dynamic

    • Specific (technical skill)


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Cooldown 5-15 min.

    • Brings heart rate back to baseline

    • Prevents blood from pooling in lower extremities

    • Stretching helps relax muscles, maintain ROM


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Motivation

    • Vary the training program to keep it fresh

    • Utilize proper goal setting to maintain motivation

  • Overload

    • Gradually increase the imposed demands to realize continual results

      • Maintain muscle balance


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Consistency

    • Training and conditioning must take place 2-3 times per week to realize change

  • Progression

    • Gradually increase the intensity of the program

  • Intensity

    • Increase intensity rather than quantity/duration


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Specificity

    • Develop the program to address specific fitness goals

      • Begin with general fitness, then move to sport-specific

        • Aerobic, anaerobic, power, speed, endurance, flexibility, etc.

  • Individuality

    • Adjust the training program to meet the needs and progression of the individual athlete


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Training and Conditioning

Principles of Conditioning

  • Stress

    • If you are engaged in a program that meets multiple times per week, understand that the athlete has other stressful aspects to their life and may need time away from training

  • Safety

    • Environment

    • Education


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Periodization

Principles of Conditioning

  • Individualized

  • Organizes training and conditioning into cycles

  • Timely peak performance

  • Helps reduce injury

  • Helps avoid overtraining


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Periodization

Principles of Conditioning


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Age Considerations

Principles of Conditioning

  • Youth

    • Ensure emotional and cognitive maturity to follow directions

    • Focus on muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory endurance

    • Limit heavy loads and moderate progression


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Age Considerations

Principles of Conditioning

  • Older Adults

    • Consider pre-existing health conditions

    • Aerobic and resistance training beneficial

    • Begin with low-intensity and low-volume in untrained participants

    • Moderate progression


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Injury Concerns By Impairment/Disability

Athletes who use Sport Chairs

Athletes with Amputations

Athletes with Cerebral Palsy

Athletes with Visual Impairment


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Athletes Who use Sport Chairs

Most common injuries are strains & muscular injuries of upper extremities

Overuse Injuries

Fractures of hands from falls & collisions

Overdevelopment of anterior muscles, weakness of posterior muscles


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Autonomic disreflexia

Can be life threatening!

  • Conditions, below the level of injury, that may lead to autonomic hyperreflexia include:

    • Full Bladder

    • Constipation or a full bowel

    • Pain

    • Infection

    • Skin breakdown

    • Ingrown toenail

    • Sudden temperature changes in the surrounding environment

  • Symptoms may include:

    • High blood pressure

    • Low heart rate

    • Anxiety or agitation

    • Severe pounding headache

    • Sweating above the level of the injury

    • Nasal stuffiness


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Autonomic disreflexia

Can be life threatening!

  • Treatment

    • Sit athlete up/dangle legs down

    • Removal of Stimuli

    • Catheterization

    • Loosen tight clothes

    • Anti-hypertensive medication

  • Complications

    • Seizures

    • pulmonary edema

    • myocardial infarction

    • cerebral hemorrhage


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Athletes with amputation

Risk for skin irritation or breakdown.

Use appropriate padding and friction eliminating material


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Athletes with

Cerebral Palsy

Seizures relatively common in this population

Increase in lactic acid production => muscle fatigue

Wheelchair users have higher upper extremity strains, sprains, overuse

Ambulatory athletes have more knee injuries

Be aware of the role spasticity plays

Crashes


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Athletes with

Visual impairment

No visual cues

May have different biomechanics

May expend more energy because of lack of visual cues.

Watch for earlier fatigue & overuse injuries

Crashes


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Medical issues of concern

Across the Spectrum

Overuse Injuries

Dehydration

Heat Illness

Cold Injury

Acclimatization

Seizures

Pressure Ulcers

Prosthetics & Orthotics

Multiple Sclerosis

Brittle Bones

Concussions


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Overuse/CHRONIC INJURIES

Bursitis / Tendinitis

Plantar fasciitis

Patellofemoral syndrome

Sprains and strains

Stress fractures

Lower back injuries

REPETITIVE MOTION INJURIES


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Dehydration


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Dehydration

  • Drink water before, during & after event

  • DO NOT rely on thirst as indicator of when to drink

  • Drink COOL beverages

  • Drink 480ml for every .45kg lost

  • Begin fluid replacement immediately

  • Sports beverages should have carb concentration of 4-8%


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Dehydration

  • NEVER

    • consume energy drinks prior to competition


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Heat illness

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heat Cramps

    • Dehydration

    • Thirst

    • Fatigue

    • Transient muscle cramps


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Heat illness

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heat Exhaustion

    • Profuse sweating

    • Cool, clammy skin

    • Chills

    • Dizzy/lightheaded

    • Persistent musclecramps


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Heat illness

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heat Stroke

    • Body temp ≥ 104°

    • Hot, dry skin

    • Staggering

    • Disorientation

    • Loss of consciousness

    • Tachycardia (100-120 bpm)

ACTIVATE EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Cold injury

Athletes with SCI

  • Less sensitive to the sensation of cold on the skin surface

  • Diminished perception of skin temperature change

  • Diminished capability to stabilize core temperature

  • Unable to induce shiver response


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Cold injury

Prevention Strategies

  • Educate athletes and coaches on prevention, recognition and treatment

  • Maintain proper hydration and food intake

  • Develop event and practice guidelines to make participation decisions

  • Proper clothing

  • Rewarming opportunities


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

acclimatization


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

seizures

  • Hypersynchronous discharge of the cerebral neurons

  • Range of types

  • Factors Increasing Incidence of Seizures:

    • Dehydration

    • Stress

    • Hypoglycemia

    • Hyperventilation

    • Electrolyte Imbalance

    • Head Trauma


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Prosthetics & orthotics


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Pressure ulcers

  • Most common in athletes with paralysis or athletes unable to move themselves

  • Can occur with orthotics & prosthetics

  • Check for ulcers/skin breakdown regularly

  • Begin treatment as soon as noted


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Multiple sclerosis

  • Concerns in Sport

    • Heat

    • Over Exertion


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

OsteogenesisImperfecta

  • Concerns in Sport

    • Fractures

    • Breaks

  • Low Impact Exercise

    • Improves bone density


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Concussions

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

    • Wear proper protective equipment

    • Ensure all equipment is maintained and safe

      • Wheelchairs and anti-tip bars


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Concussions

  • Maddocks questions combine scientific validity with a quick simple and practical tool which can be administered either on-field or on the sidelines. Any incorrect response indicates concussion and requires removal from the playing field for further medical evaluation


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Concussions

  • Which field are we at?

  • Which team are we playing today?

  • Who is your opponent at present?

  • Which half/period is it?

  • How far into the half is it?

  • Which side scored the last touchdown/goal/point?


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Concussions

www.cdc.gov/concussion


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Safe environmentAppropriate, well maintained equipmentIndividualization of trainingWarning signs of impending injuryWarm-up, stretching, and cool-downAppropriate training prescription (mode, duration, frequency, intensity, progression)

Injury prevention strategies


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Injury prevention strategies

Rest and Recovery

FATIGUE FATIGUEFATIGUE

The chance of musculoskeletal injury increases significantly when fatigued


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Takeaways from this presentation

  • Use basic common sense and logical thinking to prevent or reduce injuries!

  • Remember that FORCE leads to MOTION that leads to ENERGY that leads to INJURY

  • The body’s tissues have physiological/biomechanical limitations that, if exceeded, will lead to injury

  • One must limit or reduce force applied to and by the body while also avoiding extreme deformation of body tissues in unnatural positions.

  • Chronic fatigue and overtraining is the enemy of the athlete with or without a disability


Blazesports institute for applied science cdss level i curriculum

Additional Resources

Baechle, T. R., & Earle, R. W. (Eds.). (2008). Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning - National Strength and Conditioning Association (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL, USA: Human Kinetics.

Martens, R. (2004). Successful Coaching - American Sport Education Program (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL, USA: Human Kinetics.

Prentice, W. E. (2008). Essentials of Athletic Injury and Management (7th ed.). New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill.

Spengler, J. O., Connaughton, D. P., & Pittman, A. T. (2006). Risk Management in Sport and Recreation. Champaign, IL, USA: Human Kinetics.


  • Login