Air quality green building and community planning
Download
1 / 26

Air Quality: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 315 Views
  • Updated On :

Air Quality: Green Building and Community Planning Judith Auer Shaw, Ph.D., AICP, PP E. J. Bloustein School of Planning & Public Policy Rutgers University Rutgers Center for Green Building and The National Center for Neighborhood and Brownfield Redevelopment April 14, 2010

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Air Quality: ' - Jimmy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Air quality green building and community planning l.jpg

Air Quality: Green Building and Community Planning

Judith Auer Shaw, Ph.D., AICP, PP

E. J. Bloustein School of Planning & Public Policy

Rutgers University

Rutgers Center for Green Building

and

The National Center for Neighborhood and Brownfield Redevelopment

April 14, 2010

New Jersey Clean Air Council




Land use and ghg emissions l.jpg

Settlement Patterns

Landscape

Infrastructure

Buildings

Carbon Sequestration

Transportation

Residential Buildings

Deforestation

Electric T&D Loss

Commercial Buildings

Urban Heat Island

Waste Management

Industrial Facilities

CO2 Equivalent Emissions

Land Use and GHG Emissions


Slide5 l.jpg

Adopted from http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

Adopted from http://www.census.gov/pubinfo/www/photos/communities.html

Adopted from http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/newsuburbs.htm

Efficient Land Use Patterns


Traditional neighborhood design l.jpg

  • Town Center http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • 5-minute walk to most everyday activities

  • Street network forms a continuous web with high inter-connectivity

  • Small, pedestrian-friendly streets

  • Mixed uses and architectural styles throughout

  • Civic and community sites: “identity”

Traditional Neighborhood Design

Duaney, Plater-Zyberk. 2001

Douglas Farr. 2008. Sustainable Urbanism.


Green buildings l.jpg

Community Planning http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • Community Visioning Creates Focus

    Air Quality/Greenhouse Gas Reduction

  • Provide Clear Data

    Assess traffic patterns, energy usage, common practices

    Review local ordinances relating to air quality

  • Establish objectives

    • Reduce vehicular traffic

    • Reduce greenhouse gases

    • Promote green building

    • Promote green rehabilitation for residences and businesses

Green Buildings


Slide8 l.jpg

Benefits of Green Building http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

WASTE

COST

SAVINGS

50-90%

WATER

USE

SAVINGS

30-50%

Average Savings of Green Buildings

CARBON

SAVINGS

35%

ENERGY

SAVINGS

30%


Green building framework for overall quality improvements l.jpg

Green Building Links: http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • Air Quality

  • Lower Energy Consumption

  • Greenhouse Gas Reduction

  • Water Quality

  • Reductions in Solid Waste

  • Improved Economic Returns

  • Improved Human Health Outcomes

  • Better Neighborhood Design

Green Building Framework for Overall Quality Improvements


Nj green building manual l.jpg

Authorized in 2007 (C.52:27D-130.6): http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • Guidance and consistent performance criteria

  • Owners, builders, and construction professionals

  • Programs that encourage/require green building

  • Resource for local governments and private sector

  • Residential and commercial buildings

NJ Green Building Manual


Foundations for gb manual l.jpg
Foundations for GB Manual http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

Performance Based

Tiered Point-Based

System

Web-based Tool

  • Performance Metrics

  • Integrated System

  • Implementation

  • Reporting & Verification


Gb manual development l.jpg
GB Manual Development http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

Tiered Performance

Metrics

& Targets

  • Impact Areas:

  • Five green building categories

  • Methodology:

  • “Eco-Efficiency”

  • Cumulative Impacts

Cost

Impacts

Env.

Impacts

Stakeholder Process

  • Technical Guidance & Resources:

  • Case Studies

  • Calculation Tools

  • Illustrations/Diagrams

Green Building Strategies

Organization/Content

Implementation

Recommendations

  • Administration:

  • Verification & Documentation

  • Ongoing Performance Evaluation:

  • Evolution of Guidelines

Evaluation Protocol


Design build operate evaluate l.jpg

- FIRST COST http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

- OPERATION COST

(Energy, Maintenance, Remodeling)

+ HEALTH OF EMPLOYEES

+ COMFORT

+ PRODUCTIVITY

+ ENVIRONMENT

Design… Build… Operate…Evaluate


Commercial building process l.jpg
Commercial Building Process http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • Points of Leverage:

  • Incentives

    • Expedited Permitting/Permit Assistance

    • Awards/Publicity

  • Verification/Documentation for getting incentives require:

    • Integrated Design Meeting

    • Performance Target Checklist/Management Plan

Resources:

Best Practice Strategies

 Case Study Examples

 Integrated Design Tools


Commercial building process16 l.jpg
Commercial Building Process http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

  • Points of Leverage:

  • Incentives

    • Expedited Permitting/Permit Assistance

    • Technical Assistance

    • Awards/Publicity

  • Verification/Documentation for getting incentives

    • Require Schematic Drawings/ASHRAE EQ (As Designed) modeling to show how design helps project meet performance targets

Resources:

Best Practice StrategiesCase Study

Examples

Integrated Design Tools


Strategy impacts l.jpg

Center for Green Building http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

Strategy Impacts


Slide18 l.jpg

Post-Occupancy Evaluation http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom-2/saint_paul_neighborhoods/neighborhood_battle/dr11.html

Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of LEED and national building stock


Greening nj s existing housing stock l.jpg

54% of census tracts building stock with a majority of single family detached units

20% attached/2/3/4 units

Greening NJ’s Existing Housing Stock


Green remodeling l.jpg

Air Quality single family detached units

Green Remodeling


Why green building l.jpg
Why green building? single family detached units

Indoor Air Quality

  • On average, Americans spend 90% of their time indoors, yet the air inside buildings can be 5-10 times more polluted than outdoor air, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

  • Most common pollutants are:

    • Radon

    • Combustion products

    • Molds, pet dander, pollen

    • VOCs

    • Lead dust and asbestos

Source: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/greenbuilding/index.html


Slide22 l.jpg

NJ Green Home Remodeling single family detached units

Sample Strategy Write-up


Weatherization energy l.jpg
Weatherization & Energy single family detached units

Consider a Photovoltaic System (EE)

Consider solar water heating (EE)

High

Conduct a home performance audit (EE)

Install Programmable

Thermostats (EE)

Select high efficiency HVAC equipment (EE)

Install attic insulation (EE)

Impact

Insulate Hot Water Heater & Pipes (EE)

Provide Proper Moisture Management Strategies (WC, IAQ)

Weather-strip Doors and Windows (WC, EE)

Low

$

Cost

$$$$


Slide24 l.jpg

Energy Efficiency - Strategies single family detached units

BUILDING DESIGN

Building OrientationGreen Roofs Moisture Control Advanced

Framing

Building Envelope Air sealing InsulationPerformance Glazing


Slide25 l.jpg

Energy Efficiency – Strategies single family detached units

- Building Commissioning, Energy Audits

- Renewable Energy & Advanced Energy Systems

Building Computer Products Energy Audit

Commissioning Simulations

Photovoltaics Wind Turbines Geothermal Solar Hot

Energy Water


Green design and retrofitting l.jpg
Green Design and Retrofitting single family detached units

Philadelphia Water Company


ad