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RSSS 315 (Tier 2): Ninth Week (Tuesday). Vampires and Werewolves: Slavic Folklore in Our Culture. News. Topics for today Film comments Interpreting Stoker Religious Sociological Psychological Formalist. Religious. Good vs Evil Infectiousness of evil Links with darkness, decay, death

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rsss 315 tier 2 ninth week tuesday

RSSS 315 (Tier 2): Ninth Week (Tuesday)

Vampires and Werewolves: Slavic Folklore in Our Culture

slide2
News
  • Topics for today
  • Film comments
  • Interpreting Stoker
      • Religious
      • Sociological
      • Psychological
      • Formalist
religious
Religious
  • Good vs Evil
  • Infectiousness of evil
  • Links with darkness, decay, death
  • Opposition to Christianity
  • Allegorical
  • Example: Only defense is purity of heart, sacrificial love
formalist
Formalist
  • Sources: folklore and literary
  • Themes and motifs
  • Narrative technique, e.g., unreliable narrators
  • Gothic elements
gothic features
Gothic features
  • Mystery, gloom, fog, night, storm
  • Desolation, isolation
  • Animals: wolves, bats
  • Distant past (unforgotten): sense of nostalgia
  • Old castles, mansions, graveyards, churches (cobwebs, spiders)
  • Mysterious sounds (howling, flapping, scratching)
  • Mysterious figures, secrets, threat of violence
  • Dark colors (black), blood, pale features
sociological
Sociological
  • Economic
    • Capital, expanding markets
    • Monopoly on resources
  • Feminist
    • Gender roles
    • patriarchy
  • Dealing the “other,” aliens
psychological
Psychological
  • Non-Freudian
  • Freudian
    • Displaced sexuality
    • Oedipal themes
      • Patricide
      • Matricide
      • Incest
    • Dealing with repressed fears
key passages
Key passages
  • Jonathan and the “daughters”
  • Killing of Lucy
  • Seduction of Mina
woman empowered lucy and nosferatu
Woman Empowered: Lucy and Nosferatu
  • Men are secondary
    • Van Helsing’s role diminished
    • Jonathan in a trance
  • Face to face with Dracula: she is not afraid
  • Terms of the sacrifice: purity of heart plus dawn
  • Does He hope that she will win?
literature into film challenges
Literature into Film: Challenges
  • Background information
  • Imagery
  • Suggestiveness
  • Inner dialogue, monologue
joseph sheridan le fanu 1814 73
“Carmilla”: famous lesbian vampire story

First published in Dark Blue, December, 1871 through March of 1872.

Some have said: "probably the best vampire story of all"

Diminished Gothic\'s emphasis on external sources of terror

Focus on the psychological effects

Lesbianism

Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu, 1814-73
forensic bases
Forensic bases
  • Burial practices
  • Decomposition: features
  • Decomposition: duration
  • Possible to explain vampires
key facts
Key facts
  • Shallow or no graves
  • Bloating during decomposition
  • Fluids expelled during decay
  • Dead bodies make noises
  • Decomposition generates heat
  • Skin shrinks back
  • Corpses attract wolves
  • Puncturing is the best treatment for bloat
carl dreyer s vampyr 1932
Carl Dreyer’s Vampyr (1932)
  • Famous expressionist film director (Danish; 1889-1968)
  • Evil presence, atmosphere
  • Two daughters, one “infected”
  • Reassuring male presence
bela lugosi 1882 1956
Theater background

1931 “hit”

Career swings

Sad ending

Bela Lugosi 1882-1956
daughters of darkness 1971
Daughters of Darkness (1971)
  • Another cult “classic”
  • Harry Kumel
  • Combines Carmilla and Bathory
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