Youth policies and strategies in the context of the MDGs
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Youth policies and strategies in the context of the MDGs Sub-Regional Workshop for the Gulf States Models of youth political participation by Enzo Amendola. Bahrain 28-29 May 2005. Enzo Amendola. International Union of Socialist Youth: 1999-2001 Vice-President 2001 – Secretary General

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Youth policies and strategies in the context of the MDGsSub-Regional Workshop for the Gulf StatesModels of youth political participation by Enzo Amendola

Bahrain 28-29 May 2005


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Enzo Amendola

  • International Union of Socialist Youth:

    1999-2001 Vice-President

    2001 – Secretary General

  • International Experience:

    2001 -, IUSY delegate to the UN/WB/ILO meeting

    2001 -, IUSY delegate to the European Youth Forum

    2001 -, member of the Council of Europe Affair Commission, YFJ

    2001 -, member of the Advisory Council at the CoE

    2004 -, IUSY delegate to ICMYO


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Models of youth participation

1) FROM THE LOCAL TO THE NATIONAL LEVEL

2) EUROPEAN LEVEL:

2.1) Open method of Coordination

2.2) Co-Management system

3) GLOBAL LEVEL


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Defining Youth Organisations

  • Age Limit

  • Based on Active membership

  • Internal Democracy

  • Independent from Government

  • Ad-hoc and/or Structural participation

  • Social and/or Political participation



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G-local youth activity

Ad HocParticipation

Structural Participation


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Youth participation at the local level

Local Youth Council

National

YouthCouncil

Confrontation with the local Institutions


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Relations with Institutions

Action based on:

1. Consultation

2. Proposal

LocalYouthCouncils

National

Institutions

National Youth Council

Youthissuesas ahorizontalpolicyOrg.


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Evaluation on the Consultative Model

  • The priorities of the decision makers in the youth field could not be influenced by the CM till the changes

  • The balance between the power of the decision makers and effectiveness of the CM must be reassessed

  • The CM must lead to effective action at Local/ State level, in particular in order to continue to guarantee young people’s support for and commitment to the process

  • Young people should be consulted constantly, in a structured and effective way


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2) European level First Model:

Open method of Coordination

and the experience of the European Youth Forum

(www.youthforum.org)


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A pan-European platform of national Youth councils and Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Established in 1996

93 member organisations

Advocating for the interests of young people towards the international institutions (European Union, the Council of Europe and the United Nations)

Promoting the development of youth work in Europe and internationally

Providing services to member organisations

What is the EYF?


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European Youth Forum Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Council of Europe

Affairs Commission

Working Units

Secretariat

European Union Affairs

Commission


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What makes Non-Governmental youth Organisations in EuropeEYF different from other organisations?

  • The European Youth Forum is the only democratic youth structure in Europe representing youth organisations towards the international institutions - mainly the European Union, the Council of Europe and the United Nations

  • It serves to channel the flow of information and opinions between young people and decision-makers

  • It is the biggest regional youth platform in the world

  • It is run by young people


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European Non-Governmental youth Organisations in EuropeYouth Forum Actions

  • Lobby the European Institutions

  • Participate in the consultations on the draft common objectives, the questionnaires and the evaluation report

  • Draft EYF positions after consultation of Member Organisations on the common objectives

  • Regular meetings with the institutions (+ letters, articles and press releases)


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Horizontal Aspects Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Taking more account of youth in other policies:

  • inclusion of youth dimension in other policies and programmes on national and European level

  • explore ways in which young people can be taken into consideration in EU Commission proposals and EU Community programmes and initiatives

  • education, lifelong learning, mobility, employment and social integration, combating racism and xenophobia, autonomy


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Open Method of Coordination Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe


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4 thematic priorities Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Participation

Information

Voluntary activities among young people

Greater understanding and knowledge of youth

Consultation

European Youth Forum is

consulted on the different

stages:

- The formulation of the questionnaires

- Drafts for common objectives in each priority area

- Evaluation report of the OMC

Open Method of Coordination


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Evaluation Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe on the OMC

  • The priorities of the framework of European cooperation in the youth field must be discussed (reinforcing existing priorities, new priorities, etc.)

  • The balance between the flexibility and effectiveness of the OMC must be reassessed

  • The OMC must lead to effective action at Member State level, in particular in order to continue to guarantee young people’s support for and commitment to the process

  • Young people should be consulted constantly, in a structured and effective way at both national and European level


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2) European level Non-Governmental youth Organisations in EuropeSecond Model:

Co-Management System

and the experience of the Council of Europe

(www.coe.int)


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European Cultural Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

identity

Democratic ideals

and standards

Cooperation on relevant

issues for societies

Universality of

Human Rights

Key values and work fields of the Council of Europe


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Local and Regional Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Authorities

National

Governments

National

Parliaments

CLRAE

(The Congress of

Local and Regional

Authorities of Europe)

Committee of

Ministers

(45Ministers of

Foreign Affairs)

Parliamentary

Assembly

(45 National

parliaments)

European Court

of Human Rights

(45 judges)

Secretariat General

Key bodies of the Council of Europe

Key bodies of the Council of Europe


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CoE Secretariat Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe


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Committee of Ministers Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

JOINT COUNCIL on

YOUTH QUESTIONS

AC + CDEJ

ADVISORY

COUNCIL

30 Non governmental

representatives

CDEJ

48 Non governmental

representatives

Youth NGOs

Ministriesof Youth

Programming

Committee

Young

people

Governments

Co-management structures of the Directorate of Youth and Sport


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Intergovernmental sector Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Co-managed sector

Non-governmental sector

European Steering Committee on Youth, CDEJ, 47 members, The Contracting Parties to the Cultural Convention

Joint Council on Youth Questions

Committee of Ministers

Advisory Council, AC

30 members

European Youth Foundation

European Youth Centres

Programming Committee

8 CDEJ & 8 AC

7 national youth committees

Partial agreement on the

Youth Card

Working Groups

13 international non-governmental youth organisations

Youth Forum

Non-Formal Education and Social cohesion

Activities / Servicesfor leaders in youth organisations

Mobility Fund for Disadvantaged Young People

5 international non-governmental youth organisations

Non-Youth Forum

Study sessions

Language courses

Training courses

Symposia

Consultative meetings

Documentation & research

Youth participation and active democratic citizenship

5 other structures


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European Steering Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

Committee for Youth(CDEJ)

48 members

Joint Council on Youth Questions

(JC)

78 members

Advisory Council (AC)

30 members

Structures

Intergovernmental sector

Co-managed sector

Non-governmental sector

Programming Committee

(PC)

16 members


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Human rights Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

education and Social cohesion

Peace and

Intercultural dialogue

Youth

Participation

Working Priorities of the DJS 2003- 2005


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Evaluation Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe on Co-Management System

  • The political and economical possibilities of the CoE are limited in order to intervene with a wider range of tools on the youth conditions

  • The balance between the flexibility and effectiveness of the CMS must be reassessed

  • The CMS must lead to effective action at the Member State level, in particular in order to continue to guarantee young people’s support for and commitment to the process


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International Youth Cooperation Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

ICMYO

3) Global level


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I Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europen Geneva in July 2004 the European Youth Forum, together with the International Movement of Catholic Students and the World Organization of the Scout Movement convened an International Coordination Meeting of Youth Organisations for two main objectives:

a) the coordination of political inputs to the ongoing political processes affecting youth worldwide

b) the strengthening of the cooperation between youth organisations with a regional and global outreach.

ICFTU – International Confederation of Free Trade Unions

IFLRY – International Federation of Liberal Youth,

IFM/SEI – International Falcon Movement – Socialist Educational International

IFMSA – International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations

IFRC – International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

IMCS/MIEC – International Movement of Catholic Students (IMCS Pax Romana)

IYCS/JECI International Young Catholic Students

IUSY – International Union of Socialist Youth

WAGGGS – World Association of Girl Guides & Girl Scouts

WFDY – World Federation of Democratic Youth

WOSM – World Organization of Scout Movement

YDC – Youth for Development and Cooperation

YMCA – World Alliance of YMCAs

YWCA – World Young Women’s Christian Association

YFJ – European Youth Forum

ASA - Asian Students Association

RAJ/AYN – Réseau Africain de la Jeunesse/African Youth Network

UPJ/PYU – Union Panafricaine de la Jeunesse/Pan-African Youth Union

AYU – Arab Youth Union

PYC – Pacific Youth Council

FLAJ – Foro Latinoamericano de Juventud/Latin American Youth Forum

What is ICMYO?


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Action to: Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

o exchange information, experience and concerns

o influence political processes and decisions of international institutions working/impacting on youth

o increase cooperation at the regional level in order to

be stronger and overcome individual limitations

o work together on common thematic priorities and to

put focus on global youth work

International Coordination Meeting of Youth Organisations


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Global action Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe

UNAgencies

We call for:

  • Open method of coordination

    2. Co-Management system

RegionalInstitutions

ICMYO

Reg/Globalyouth

platform

MDG

pe


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Thank you for your attention! Non-Governmental youth Organisations in Europe


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